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Presentation on theme: "THE GROWTH OF THE THIRTEEN COLONIES"— Presentation transcript:


Region Geography Government & Economy Religion & Society NEW ENGLAND COLONIES Coastal areas with good harbors. Inland areas with dense forests. Poor rocky soil & short growing season. Small farms. Lumber mills. Fishing, Shipbuilding and Trade flourished. Cities developed along coast. Most people organized as congregations. (Puritans) Lived on farms, Merchants controlled trade. Artisans made goods, unskilled workers and slaves provided labor. MIDDLE COLONIES Fertile soil and long growing season. Rivers ran into backcountry. Colonies grew large amounts of rye, oats, barley, potatoes & wheat as cash crop. Cities on coast. Wealthiest people owned large farms & most business. Most farmers produced a small surplus. Tenants farmers rented land or worked for wages. Religious diversity: Catholic, Quaker, Protestant SOUTHERN COLONIES Favorable climate and soil for agriculture. Wide rivers made cities unnecessary. Tobacco, rice & indigo grown on large plantations as cash crops. Wealthy elite controlled most land. Labor supply: indentured servants & African slaves. Religion: Anglican

3 Colonies Grow and Develop Differently
There are 13 colonies They are along the Atlantic coast They were divided into three groups New England Middle Southern The ways of life were different

4 Ways of Life Climate differed Government & Economy Religion & Society

5 The New England Colonies
The Puritans and the Pilgrims united and formed the colony of Massachusetts The colony of Connecticut was founded by Thomas Hooker Tomas Hooker was a Puritan minister He believed that the leaders were becoming too powerful in Massachusetts Rhode Island was found by Roger Williams

6 Life in Colonial England
Most New Englanders were: Farmers Trade Sailing They used ships called schooners were used to catch cod They also were known for whaling They used the whales for oil Boston was the largest city in the New England colonies

7 Life in Colonial New England
Schooling was very important to New Englanders They believed that children should be able to read so they can read the Bible Massachusetts passed a law about public education in 1647 The law said every town with 50 families or more must have a school

8 The Middle Colonies The middle colonies, unlike the other colonies, had settlers from all different countries: Germany Holland Sweden Henry Hudson explored the waterway called the Hudson River

9 The Middle Colonies The Dutch built a settlement called New Amsterdam
New Amsterdam then became New York when it was attacked, and eventually taken over, by the English The English also took New Sweden from the Dutch and called it New Jersey

10 The Middle Colony Of Pennsylvania
William Penn a Quaker founded Pennsylvania The Quakers had limited rights They did not belong to the Church of England

11 The Quakers Of Pennsylvania
They were peace loving people They believed in NO WAR Penn was given land by King Charles II Penn said this land would be used as a “FREE COLONY”

12 The Middle Colony Of Pennsylvania
Founded in 1682 by Penn Became a special place of freedom People earned a trial by jury All people had the same rights in Pennsylvania

13 Life in the Middle Colonies
People lived on large farms far apart from each other Families home schooled their children The farms produced grains such as corn and wheat They were known as the “Breadbasket of America” Beaver fur was common for trade

14 The Southern Colonies Lord Baltimore founded the colony of Maryland
Maryland was the first colony to pass a law granting religious freedom It was called the Act of Toleration

15 The Southern Colonies Georgia was not a colony of religious freedom
Georgia was used as a refuge for prisoners The prisoners were poor people who could not afford to pay their debt Georgia then became a colony where people could work of their debt and gain a new start

16 The Southern Colonies The Carolinas were discovered and divided in the North and South because of large settlement populations The settlers came for religious freedom They came for a chance to prosper

17 Farms and Plantations in the Southern Colonies
The farms produced large plantations of rice, indigo and tobacco The large plantations were started along rivers on the coast


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