7 Middle Colony Economy $$$ AKA “Breadbasket Colonies”Farmed food products to feed the coloniesProducedWheatGrainIronDairy
8 Southern Colonies Virginia Maryland North and South Carolina Georgia Why? To make $$ (economic)Who? John SmithMarylandWhy? Freedom of ReligionWho? Lord Baltimore and the CatholicsNorth and South CarolinaGeorgiaWhy? Refuge for debtors and convictsWho? James Oglethorp
9 Southern Colony Climate Fertile SoilVery long growing seasonsVery warm and sunny
11 Mayflower Compact Who? Men When? 1620 Where? Plymouth What did it do? Set forth ideas of self government in the coloniesBasis for US Constitution in 1787
12 Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Where? ConnecticutWhat did it do?Extended voting rights to non-church membersLimited the power of the governorExpanded the idea of representative government
13 House of Burgesses 1st elected law making body in the colonies Provided more local control in VirginiaExpanded the idea of representative government.
14 English Colonization Why?? GoldEconomic $$High unemploymentMarket for English goodsSource of raw materialsGodSocialFreedom from religious persecutionOpportunity for unhappy or unemployed EnglishGloryPoliticalCompetition with Spain and Portugal for new passage to IndiaPromise of gold to increase England’s wealthAcquisition of territory to add to empire
15 Britain's policy to control Colonial trade MercantilismBritain's policy to control Colonial tradeMother Country(Britain)Raw MaterialsColoniesManufactured Goods
16 Transatlantic Trade Routes Effects: New England made HUGE profits and slavery increased.
17 Jamestown Where? Virginia When? 1607 Why? Hardships? Economic Reasons ($$)Hardships?SwampyBad water and farmlandHarsh climateWasted time looking for goldDiseaseHow did it succeed?John Smith, “He that will not work, shall not eat.”He also traded with Powhatan Indians for corn
18 Salutary NeglectBritain helped the colonies work towards this type of government by staying out of their business for many years. This became known as salutary neglect.This ‘neglect’ helped the colonies learn how to deal with their own problems & issues instead of waiting for Britain to fix things for them
19 Great Awakening Religious movement in the colonies during the 1700’s. Colonial culture changed because colonists began to argue over religious practices &People began to leave their church for the Protestant one.They also welcomed all people, regardless of race or gender.
20 EnlightenmentA movement that emphasized reason and science as the paths to knowledge.John Locke, a philosopher and Enlightenment figure applied the idea of natural law – people have unalienable rights which the government should protect.