2 Agricultural Revolution Shift away from small farms and old farming techniques to big farms and more modern techniques1701-Seed drill (instead of scattering seeds)Crop rotationDifferent crops in a field each year (need to replace nutrientsBreedingOnly breed best cattle/sheep
3 Industrial Revolution Increased output of machine-made goods that began in EnglandAka-shift from making things by hand to making a lot by machine
4 Industrialization starts in England Process of developing machine production of goodsWhy England?Water power and coal to power new machinesIron ore to construct machines, tools, buildingsRivers for transportationHarbors for tradeGood banking systemGood economyLand, labor and capital (factors of production)
5 Inventions Make more money if you can speed up spinning and weaving John Kay-made shuttle sped back and forth on wheelsJames Hargreaves-Spinning Jenny worked eight threads at a timeRichard Arkwright-water frame, used steam to power machines
6 Inventions Eli Whitney (US) Samuel Crompton Edmund Cartwright Cotton gin-speeds up the amount of cotton that can be cleaned (1810)Samuel Cromptoncombines jenny and water frame = spinning mule (stronger & finer thread)Edmund Cartwrightpower loom speeds up weaving (1787)
7 Transportation Steam Engine James Watt from Scotland makes a efficient steam engine. He joins with Matthew Boulton to build better steam engines.Steam engines can power boats!Means faster transportation of people and goods!
8 Transportation John McAdam Scottish, works to make roads that are covered with a smooth layer of crushed rock (HELLO-MODERNIZATION!)No sinking in the mud!New roads called turnpikesHave to pay tolls ($$) at a turnpike to travel on that road.
9 Railways Steam-Driven Locomotives 1804, Richard Trevithick wins money because of his steam-driven train (wins bet)Steam engines need coal to heat up H2O for energy to move the train
10 Railways Liverpool-Manchester Railroad Finished in 1829 Tran, the Rocket, hauled 13 ton load at 24mph (pretty fast for back then!)Officially opened in 1830 to the publicIt’s a hit!
11 Railways-What do they do? Provides cheap transportationCreates new jobsBoosts agricultural and fishing industriesThen can transport goods faster so they’re fresher!Commuting to work!Can live farther from your workplace…