3 Main IdeaIndustrial Revolution: A shift in the way people lived and worked.Production shifted from hand tools to machines.
4 BeginningThe Industrial Revolution began in ENGLAND around 1750 and spread to the rest of Western Europe and the United States.
5 Why England?Because England has what it takes to industrialize…natural resources, energy sources, money, people, stable government….
6 A. Why England?1. Natural Resources: England has large supply of coal and iron ore
7 A. Why England?2. Power Source: An island easy access to the sea, many natural harbors and navigable rivers
8 A. Why England?3. Wealth: Church of England encouraged wealth so entrepreneurs had money to invest in new inventions
9 A. Why England?4. Workers:Enclosure Movement: Landlords fenced-in their lands creating a landless working class
10 BEFORE the Industrial Revolution Agricultural Revolution: improvements in farming methods that occurred before the IRImproved Agricultural created a surplus of food, which led to a population increase more people to work!
11 BEFORE the Industrial Revolution Cottage Industries: People made things by hand at homePeople supported themselves, self- sufficientMore people live in rural (country settings)
12 Early Industrial Revolution The first industry to industrialize is the TEXTILE industryDue to machines that make clothing1764: Hargreaves invents Spinning Jenny, work 8 threads at once
13 Why Britain?Industrialization needs a large labor supply. A better food supply led to the biggest population growth:: pop. doubled!This increased demand for manufactured goods.Agricultural productivity increased because of enclosure: farmers could make land more productive, introduced new crops
15 Main IdeaAdvancements in technology produced the Industrial Revolution, and advancements in science and medicine altered the lives of people living in the new industrial cities. Cultural changes soon followed.
16 James Hargreaves Invented the Spinning Jenny Reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn, with a worker able to work eight or more spools at once.
17 James Watt Invented the STEAM ENGINE. A steam engine performs mechanical work using steam from boiling water to produce mechanical motion
18 Eli WhitneyInvented the COTTON GIN which quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, allowing for much greater productivity than manual cotton separation
19 Henry BessemerInvented the STEEL-MAKING PROCESS
20 Peak of Industrialization (mid 1800s) More inventions such as steel and ironMore things are made by machinesFactories develop (a large building in which machinery is used to manufacture goods)More people move to the city
21 Results of the Industrial Revolution What were some advantages and disadvantages of industrialization? (p. 293)
22 Results of Industrial Revolution Urbanization: building of cities and people moving to citiesPopulation increaseIncreased standards of living for many but not allIncreased education
23 Results of Industrial Revolution 5.Environmental pollutionAir and water
24 Results of Industrial Revolution Dissatisfaction of working class with working conditionsGrowth of the middle class (social class made up of skilled workers, professionals, business-people, and wealthy farmers)
25 Results of Industrial Revolution 8. Improved transportationInvention of cars, trains, steam boats….
26 BIG Effect of Industrial Revolution As countries used up their own natural resources there was an increased demand for raw materials from the Americas, Asia, and Africa.IMPERIALISM
27 Exit Ticket Look at the graph on p. 293 How many years do each of the graphs cover?How much did the population of Manchester grow during this time period?Out of the 4 cities, which one grew the most?