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Industrial Revolution

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Presentation on theme: "Industrial Revolution"— Presentation transcript:

1 Industrial Revolution
“Blood, Sweat, & Gears”

2 What do you notice?

3 Main Idea Industrial Revolution: A shift in the way people lived and worked. Production shifted from hand tools to machines.

4 Beginning The Industrial Revolution began in ENGLAND around 1750 and spread to the rest of Western Europe and the United States.

5 Why England? Because England has what it takes to industrialize… natural resources, energy sources, money, people, stable government….

6 A. Why England? 1. Natural Resources: England has large supply of coal and iron ore

7 A. Why England? 2. Power Source: An island easy access to the sea, many natural harbors and navigable rivers

8 A. Why England? 3. Wealth: Church of England encouraged wealth so entrepreneurs had money to invest in new inventions

9 A. Why England? 4. Workers: Enclosure Movement: Landlords fenced-in their lands creating a landless working class

10 BEFORE the Industrial Revolution
Agricultural Revolution: improvements in farming methods that occurred before the IR Improved Agricultural created a surplus of food, which led to a population increase  more people to work!

11 BEFORE the Industrial Revolution
Cottage Industries: People made things by hand at home People supported themselves, self- sufficient More people live in rural (country settings)

12 Early Industrial Revolution
The first industry to industrialize is the TEXTILE industry Due to machines that make clothing 1764: Hargreaves invents Spinning Jenny, work 8 threads at once

13 Why Britain? Industrialization needs a large labor supply. A better food supply led to the biggest population growth: : pop. doubled! This increased demand for manufactured goods. Agricultural productivity increased because of enclosure: farmers could make land more productive, introduced new crops

14 Inventions of the Industrial Revolution

15 Main Idea Advancements in technology produced the Industrial Revolution, and advancements in science and medicine altered the lives of people living in the new industrial cities. Cultural changes soon followed.

16 James Hargreaves Invented the Spinning Jenny
Reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn, with a worker able to work eight or more spools at once.

17 James Watt Invented the STEAM ENGINE.
A steam engine performs mechanical work using steam from boiling water to produce mechanical motion

18 Eli Whitney Invented the COTTON GIN which quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, allowing for much greater productivity than manual cotton separation

19 Henry Bessemer Invented the STEEL-MAKING PROCESS

20 Peak of Industrialization (mid 1800s)
More inventions such as steel and iron More things are made by machines Factories develop (a large building in which machinery is used to manufacture goods) More people move to the city

21 Results of the Industrial Revolution
What were some advantages and disadvantages of industrialization? (p. 293)

22 Results of Industrial Revolution
Urbanization: building of cities and people moving to cities Population increase Increased standards of living for many but not all Increased education

23 Results of Industrial Revolution
5.Environmental pollution Air and water

24 Results of Industrial Revolution
Dissatisfaction of working class with working conditions Growth of the middle class (social class made up of skilled workers, professionals, business-people, and wealthy farmers)

25 Results of Industrial Revolution
8. Improved transportation Invention of cars, trains, steam boats….

26 BIG Effect of Industrial Revolution
As countries used up their own natural resources there was an increased demand for raw materials from the Americas, Asia, and Africa. IMPERIALISM

27 Exit Ticket Look at the graph on p. 293
How many years do each of the graphs cover? How much did the population of Manchester grow during this time period? Out of the 4 cities, which one grew the most?

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