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Mental Disorders. Each year, roughly 22 percent of the adult U.S. population has a diagnosable mental disorder. In the U.S., half of the people suffering.

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Presentation on theme: "Mental Disorders. Each year, roughly 22 percent of the adult U.S. population has a diagnosable mental disorder. In the U.S., half of the people suffering."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mental Disorders

2 Each year, roughly 22 percent of the adult U.S. population has a diagnosable mental disorder. In the U.S., half of the people suffering from mental disorders are untreated. 40% of the homeless have some form of mental/emotional problem. About 20% of people in prison have a mental disorder. DID YOU KNOW?

3 Mental Disorder An illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life. Mental Disorders

4 Mental Disorders are medical conditions that can begin as early as childhood. Mental disorders can be identified by their symptoms. Types of Mental Disorders Anxiety Disorders Impulse Control Disorders Eating Disorders Mood Disorders Schizophrenia Personality Disorders


6 A condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control. People with anxiety disorders try to avoid situations that make them feel anxious or fearful. The most common mental illness in the U.S. affecting 40 million adults. Include Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Panic Disorder Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Phobias Anxiety Disorders

7 A strong, irrational fear of something specific, such as heights or social situations. The three classes of phobias are social phobia (fear of public speaking, meeting new people or other social situations), agoraphobia (fear of being outside), and specific phobias (fear of other items or situations). Anxiety Disorders PHOBIAS

8 Persistent thoughts, fears, or urges (obsession) leading to uncontrollable repetitive behaviors (compulsions). For example, the fear of germs leads to constant hand washing. 4 4 OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER Anxiety Disorders

9 Attacks of sudden, unexplained feelings of terror. “Panic attacks” are accompanied by trembling, increased heart rate, shortness of breath, or dizziness. A variety of treatments are available, including several effective medications, and specific forms of psychotherapy. People who experience panic attacks can use a number of lifestyle changes like aerobic exercise, avoiding alcohol, caffeine, and illicit drugs, as well as stress- management techniques to help decrease anxiety.exercise PANIC DISORDER Anxiety Disorders

10 A condition that may develop after exposure to a terrifying event. Symptoms include flashbacks, nightmares, emotional numbness, guilt, sleeplessness, and problems concentrating. POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD) Anxiety Disorders

11 Exaggerated worry and tension for no reason. People with GAD startle easily and have difficulty concentrating, relaxing, and sleeping. What Causes GAD? The exact cause of GAD is not fully known, but a number of factors -- including genetics, brain chemistry and environmental stresses -- appear to contribute to its development. How Common Is GAD? About 4 million adult Americans suffer from GAD during the course of a year. It most often begins in childhood or adolescence, but can begin in adulthood. It is more common in women than in men. GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER Anxiety Disorders

12 People with impulse control disorders: Cannot resist the urge to hurt themselves or others. May cause physical, or financial harm to themselves. May also behave in ways that cause them to lose friends. Impulse control disorders include: Kleptomania Cutting Pyromania Excessive gambling Compulsive shopping Impulse Control Disorders

13 An illness that involves mood extremes that interfere with everyday living. Most researchers believe many mood disorders are caused by complex imbalances in the brain’s chemical activity. They also believe that environmental factors can be triggers. Types of mood disorders Bipolar Disorder Depression Seasonal Affective Disorder Mood Disorders

14 depression-teenager-sad-mental-health-help-symptoms- warning-signs-11636122 A manic-depressive disorder, marked by extreme mood changes, energy levels and behavior. DEPRESSION Mood Disorders BIPOLAR DISORDER

15 Can be caused by psychological pressures, possible genetic factors, and an obsession with body image and thinness. Types of Eating Disorders Anorexia Bulimia Binge eating disorder Eating Disorders

16 A disorder in which a person regularly violates the rights of others and breaks social rules. People with conduct disorders might: Bully others Start fights Be cruel to animals Damage property, steal or start fires. Be deceitful These people violate rules and have little remorse May abuse alcohol or drugs Conduct Disorders

17 A mental disorder in which a person loses contact with reality. Symptoms include: Delusions Hallucinations There is no known single cause of schizophrenia. It appears that genetic factors produce a vulnerability to schizophrenia, with environmental factors contributing to different degrees in different individuals. schizophrenia-10057077 the-Brain-286302862 Schizophrenia

18 Formal Intervention Evaluation Physician, psychiatrist, psychologist, and psychiatric social worker. Medication Inpatient/outpatient treatment Therapy Support groups Treatment for Mental Disorders

19 Becky & Clare VIDEO

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