2 Mental Disorders Defined… An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person’ ability to function, to change, or to get along with others.Mental health experts see abnormal thoughts, feelings, or behaviors as signs or symptoms of a mental disorder.1:6 people suffer from a mental illness
3 Causes of Mental Illness HeredityPhysical Factors: brain damage from an injury, brain tumor, infection to brain, exposure to toxic chemical, or alcohol and drug use.Experiences: early negative experiences such as a abuse or recent negative experiences such as a loss.
4 Impulse – Control Disorders Eating Disorders Can be grouped into categories: (These are some, not all, of the categories)Anxiety DisordersMood DisordersSchizophreniaImpulse – Control DisordersEating Disorders
5 Anxiety DisordersA disorder that usually causes strong nervousness, worry, or panic and interferes with daily living and functioning.Can be treated with medicine and/or counseling. Some can be cured completelyAnxiety can be constant over a long time or it may occur in short burstsInclude: General Anxiety Disorders, Phobias, Panic Attacks, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), and Post-Traumatic Stress disorder.
6 Generalized Anxiety Disorders Intense worry, fears, or anxiety lasting most days for at least 6 monthsThoughts and worries don’t have a specific sourceWarning signs include: restlessness, fatigue, trouble sleeping, and trouble concentrating.Many of these signs are common symptoms of stress
7 Panic Disorder (type of anxiety disorder) An anxiety disorder that causes a person to have brief periods of extreme anxiety called panic attacks.Panic attacks can be triggered by anxiety or specific things called Phobias (ie: spiders, flying, clowns) or by social situations (ie. Meeting new people, speaking in public)
8 Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (type of anxiety disorder) An Obsession is an unwanted thought or image that takes control of the mind and may lead to a compulsionA Compulsion is an unreasonable need to behave in a certain way to prevent feared outcome (the obsession)They are usually always present but tend to become more apparent when person is anxious.Can be treated with medicine and/or counseling. Can be cured completely
9 OCD Symptoms Obsessive Thoughts Fear of dirt or germs Fear of causing harmDoor unlock, oven onNeed for order and symmetryCompulsionsExtreme cleaningExcessive double checkingOrdering/arrangingMental ritualPraying, numbering/counting
10 Post – Traumatic Stress Disorder (type of anxiety disorder) A disorder that can occur after someone has experienced intense fear, helplessness, or horror (rape, war, natural disaster, abuse, accidents, and captivity)After the event, they continually experience the event, avoid individual, thoughts, or situations associated with the event and have symptoms of excessive emotions.
11 Mood DisordersAn illness where people experience extreme emotions that make it difficult to function well in daily life.2 types:DepressionBipolar
12 Depression (type of mood disorder) A mood disorder in which a person is extremely sad and hopeless for an extended time periodCan be triggered by chronic distress or geneticallyTreatment can be meds and/or counseling
13 Risk Factors for Depression GeneticsMajor life change or prolonged stressful situationBeing a victim or witness of a violent crimeA previous bout of depressionA sense of hopelessness
14 Symptoms of Depression Sadness & tearfulness for no reasonLack of energy and motivationExcessive or lack of sleepFeelings of guilt and hopelessnessThoughts of suicideSocial withdrawDon’t care attitude
15 Bipolar (type of mood disorder) Illness in which people have uncontrollable mood changesAlso called manic depressionMoods are on opposites end of spectrumManic states cause increased energy and irritation. Person is irrationalDepression state is extremely low, often not getting out a bed and tending to responsibilitiesUsually needs to be medicated for stable moods
16 Self-InjuryAn unhealthy way to cope with emotions, stress, or traumatic eventsIncludes: cutting, scratching, or burningReason for self-injury is to relieve painful feelings or divert emotional pain to physical painSelf-Injury can be a symptom of a mood disorder, anxiety disorder, or eating disorder.
17 SchizophreniaSevere disturbances in thinking, mood, awareness, and behavior.Symptoms include hallucinations (sensing something that isn’t real), delusions (false belief), and paranoiaRanges in severity from mild to severeUsually require life-long treatment with medicine.
18 Impulse Control Disorders People with impulse – control disorder cannot resist the impulse, or drive, to act in a certain way that is harmful to themselves or others. Examples include:KleptomaniaGamblingShoppingPyromania