Presentation on theme: "Mental Disorders Ch.4 Section 1. Warm-Up Activity Which of the following statements are always true? Sometimes true? Always false? 1. It is easy to identify."— Presentation transcript:
Warm-Up Activity Which of the following statements are always true? Sometimes true? Always false? 1. It is easy to identify a person with a mental disorder. 2. Mental disorders are causes by emotional problems. 3. Mental disorders affect a person’s ability to function. 4. People who have a mental disorder are dangerous.
Objectives and Vocabulary Explain how mental disorders are recognized. Identify four causes of mental disorders. Describe five types of anxiety disorders and four other types of mental disorders. Vocabulary: Mental disorder-compulsion Anxiety-mood disorder Anxiety disorder-depression Phobia-schizophrenia Obsession-personality disorder
What are Mental Disorders? An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person’s ability to function, to adjust to change, or to get along with others. For example:___________
Recognizing Mental Disorders Mental health experts ______ ADHD-symptoms/discuss How would having ADHD affect someone’s ability to study?
Causes of Mental Disorders Sometimes has a single cause. More often a combination of factors are involved. _____
Physical Factors Damage to the brain. Could be caused by a growth, or tumor, an injury or infection that destroys brain cells. Exposure to poison. _____________________
Heredity May inherit a tendency toward a mental disorder. Doesn’t mean the person will have the disorder. _______________________
Early Experiences Extremely negative experiences that occur early in life can lead to mental illness. Who can give me an example? ______________________
Recent Experiences Some mental health experts think that recent experiences are more likely than early experience to trigger a mental disorder. Who can give me an example? __________________________
Anxiety Disorders Anxiety: ________________ Everyone experiences anxiety now and then. When do you experience anxiety? Feelings are normal and usually short lived. When the anxiety persists for a long time and interferes with daily living, this is a sign of an anxiety disorder.
Warning! Now we will begin talking further in depth with each mental disorder…. Please do not self-diagnose yourself! Or run home and tell your parents you have a funky disorder.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder __________________________ Thoughts and emotions do not have a single source. Many of the warning signs of stress can also be signs of this disorder, including restlessness, fatigue, trouble falling asleep, and trouble concentrating.
Phobias Anxiety that is related to a specific situation or object is called a phobia. Do you have a phobia that you are aware of? If so, how do you deal with your phobia?
Panic Attacks During an attack, a person will experience some of the following symptoms. Fast heart rate/breathing _______________ Sweating _________ Nausea/dizzy Fear of losing control
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder An unwanted thought or image that takes control of the mind is an obsession. ________________________ A compulsion is an unreasonable need to behave in a certain way to prevent a feared outcome. Who can give an example of OCD?
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder __________________________ May have flashbacks or nightmares that produce intense fear or horror. Situations that remind them of the event can produce intense anxiety, they begin to avoid those situations. May feel guilty because they survived and others did not. What would be an example of an event that could cause PTSD.
Other Mental Disorder Some teens and young adults have mood disorders or schizophrenia. Others have impulse-control disorders or personality disorders.
Mood Disorders People who have a mood disorder experience extreme emotions that make it difficult to function well in their daily lives. An example is bipolar disorder Shift from happy to sad, based on what is happening in their lives. Also called manic-depressive. Depression: __________________
Schizophrenia One of the most serious mental disorders _____________________________ ________________ Minds are “split off” or separated from reality. At times, may talk to themselves, display inappropriate emotional responses, dress/act strangely. Develop fears that are not supported by reality. May believe someone/something controls their thoughts or wants to harm them.
Impulse Control Disorders ____________________________ Kleptomania: cannot resist the impulse to take items that they don’t need or want. About 75 million people in the US cannot control the urge to gamble. Most among males. May add uncontrolled shopping to the list-85% are female. Do you know someone with an impulse-control disorder? How does this affect his or her life?
Personality Disorder Personality determines how you tend to relate to other people. Person with a personality disorder _____________________________ Three broad groups Group A Group B Group C
Personality Disorder Groups A Tend to be cold and distant. Absorbed in own thoughts. Cannot form close relationships. Paranoid personality disorder B Often overly emotional/unstable High value on themselves Can be selfish and demanding. Antisocial personality disorder C Often cannot make decisions. Avoid people-fear rejection. May have strong need for the approval of others. Dependent personality disorder
Section 1 Review 1. What is a mental disorder? How are mental disorders recognized? 2. List four possible causes of mental disorders. 3. What is an anxiety disorder? What is the key difference between a phobia and generalized anxiety disorder? 4. What is a compulsion? How does a compulsion differ from an obsession? 5. What are some symptoms of a mood disorder? 6. Explain how someone who has frequent unexpected panic attacks might develop a phobia.