Presentation on theme: "Section 4.1 Mental Disorders Objectives"— Presentation transcript:
1 Section 4.1 Mental Disorders Objectives Explain how mental disorders are recognized.Identify four causes of mental disorders.Describe five types of anxiety disorders and four other types of mental disorders.
2 It is easy to identify a person with a mental disorder. Quick Quiz Which of the following statements are always true? Which are sometimes true? Which are always false?It is easy to identify a person with a mental disorder.Mental disorders are caused by emotional problems.Mental disorders affect a person’s ability to function.People who have a mental disorder are dangerous.For each of your responses, explain why you gave the answer you did.Switch to QuickTake version of the quiz.
3 What are Mental Disorders? A mental disorder is an illness that affects the mind and reduces a person’s ability to function, to adjust to change, or to get along with others.
4 Recognizing Mental Disorders Mental health experts see abnormal thoughts, feelings, or behaviors as signs, or symptoms,of a mental disorder.Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is one example of a mental disorder.
7 Causes of Mental Disorders Some factors that can cause mental disorders arephysical factorsheredityearly experiencesrecent experiences
8 Causes of Mental Disorders Physical Factors Damage to the brain may cause a mental disorder.Heredity A person may inherit a tendency toward a mental disorder.Early Experiences Extremely negative experiences that occur early in life can lead to mental illness.Recent Experiences Some mental health experts think that recent experiences are more likely than early experiences to trigger a mental disorder.
9 Anxiety DisordersAnxiety is fear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that doesn’t pose as much threat as you think.When the anxiety persists for a long time and interferes with daily living, this is a sign of an anxiety disorder.In any six-month period nearly ten percent of Americans have an anxiety disorder.
10 Generalized Anxiety Disorder A person with this disorder displays intense worry, fears, or anxiety most days for at least six months.Anxiety that is related to a specific situation or object is called a phobia.Phobias
12 Panic AttacksDuring a panic attack, a person will experience some of the following symptoms.fast heart ratechoking sensationrapid breathingchest discomfort or painfear of suffocationnausea or stomach distressbelieves he or she is dyingdizziness or lightheadednesssweatingfear of losing controltrembling or shakingan “out of body” sensation
13 Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder An unwanted thought or image that takes control of the mind is an obsession.An obsession may lead to a compulsion, an unreasonable need to behave in a certain way to prevent a feared outcome.People who survive a life threatening event may develop post-traumatic stress disorder.Post-Traumatic Stress Disorderflashbacksnightmaresinability to sleepSome symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder are
14 For: More on bipolar disorder Click above to go online.
15 Other Mental Disorders Some teens and young adults have mood disorders or schizophrenia.Others have impulse-control disorders or personality disorders.
16 Mood DisordersPeople who have a mood disorder experience extreme emotions that make it difficult to function well in their daily lives.Depression is an emotional state in which a person feels extremely sad and hopeless.
17 Impulse-Control Disorders SchizophreniaSchizophrenia is a serious mental disorder identified by serious disturbances in thinking, mood, awareness, and behavior.People with an impulse-control disorder cannot resist the impulse, or drive, to act in a way that is harmful to themselves or to others.Impulse-Control DisordersSome examples of impulse-control disorders arekleptomania (taking items not needed or wanted)gamblinguncontrolled shopping (buying many unnecessary things)
18 Personality Disorders People who have a personality disorder display rigid patterns of behavior that make it difficult for them to get along with others.Group A: People with personality disorders in this group tend to be cold and distant.Group B: People with personality disorders in this group are often overly emotional or unstable.Group C: People with personality disorders in this group often cannot make decisions.
19 Vocabulary mental disorder An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person’s ability to function, to adjust to change, or to get along with others.anxietyFear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that doesn’t pose as much threat as you think.anxiety disorderA disorder characterized by anxiety that persists for a long time and interferes with daily living.phobiaAnxiety that is related to a specific situation or object.obsessionAn unwanted thought or image that takes control of the mind.
20 Vocabulary compulsion An unreasonable need to behave in a certain way to prevent a feared outcome.mood disorderA disorder characterized by extreme emotions.depressionAn emotional state in which a person feels extremely sad and hopeless.schizophreniaA disorder characterized by severe disturbances in thinking,mood, awareness, and behavior.personality disorderA mental disorder characterized by rigid patterns of behavior, which make it difficult for a person to get along with others.