2 What are Mental Disorders? A mental disorder is an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life.EaWhat are Mental Disorders?
3 Why should I care about mental disorders? An estimated 26.2 percent of Americans ages 18 and older — about one in four adults — suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year.1 When applied to the 2004 U.S. Census residential population estimate for ages 18 and older, this figure translates to 57.7 million people.2References1. Kessler RC, Chiu WT, Demler O, Walters EE. Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of twelve-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Archives of General Psychiatry, 2005 Jun;62(6):2. U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates by Demographic Characteristics. Table 2: Annual Estimates of the Population by Selected Age Groups and Sex for the United States: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2004 (NC-EST ) Source: Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau Release Date: June 9,Why should I care about mental disorders?
4 Types of Mental Disorders Organic DisorderFunctional DisorderIt is caused by a physical illness or an injury thataffects the brain.Possible causes:Brain tumorsInfectionsChemical imbalancesExposure to drugs and toxinsInjuries resulting in brain damageTypes of Mental Disorders
5 Types of Mental Disorders Organic DisorderFunctional DisorderIt has a psychological cause and does not involve braindamage.Possible causes:HeredityStressEmotional conflictFearIneffective coping skillsDisturbing events in childhood or in the recent pastTypes of Mental Disorders
6 Types of Mental Disorders Anxiety DisordersMood DisordersEating DisordersConduct DisordersSchizophreniaTypes of Mental Disorders
7 Anxiety disorder = a condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control.
8 Anxiety Types of Anxiety Disorders Phobia strong and irrational fear of something specificObsessive-compulsive disorderpersistent, recurrent, and unwanted thoughtsRepeated, irresistible behaviorsPanic DisorderSudden unexplained feelings of terrorAccompanied by symptoms such as trembling, heart pounding, shortness of breath, dizzinessPost-Traumatic Stress DisorderA condition that may develop after exposure to a terrifying event that threatened or caused physical harmAnxiety
9 The emotional swings of a mood disorder are extreme in both intensity and duration. Mood Disorders
10 Mood Disorders Clinical Depression Bipolar Disorder Clinical depression affects a person’s ability to:Concentrate.Sleep.Perform at school or work.Handle everyday decisions and challenges.Feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or despair last formore than a few weeks and interfere with dailyinterests and activities.Mood Disorders
11 Mood Disorders Clinical Depression Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is marked by:Extreme mood changes.Extreme energy levels.Extreme behavior.Adults may behave normally between episodes ofextreme emotion.Teens tend to alternate rapidly between the twoextremes with few clear periods of wellness betweenepisodes.Mood Disorders
12 Eating Disorders Factors that can lead to an eating disorder are: Psychological pressuresPossible genetic factorsObsession with body image and thinnessEating Disorders
13 A person who suffers from an eating disorder can experience a wide range of physical health complications, including:Serious heart conditionsKidney failure, which may lead to death.It is critical that a person with an eating disorder get help immediatelyEating Disorders
14 Children and adolescents who act out their impulses toward others in destructive ways may have a conduct disorder.They may project an image of toughness, but people with this disorder usually have low self-esteem.Without treatment, they will be unable to adapt to the demands of adulthood.Conduct Disorders
15 Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder in which a person loses contact with reality. Symptoms of schizophrenia include delusions, hallucinations, and thought disorders.Causes of this condition may be a combination of genetic factors and chemical and structural changes in the brain.Schizophrenia
16 Seeking medical attention People are reluctant to seek treatment for mental/emotional problems because of:Embarrassment or shame.Stigma or a negative label.Misconceptions and stereotypes.Many mental and emotional disturbances involve imbalances in brain chemistry and require medical attention.Seeking medical attention