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Cognitive Development

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Presentation on theme: "Cognitive Development"— Presentation transcript:

1 Cognitive Development

2 Jean Piaget Cognitive Development Theory

3 Kinds of Knowledge physical knowledge logico-mathematical knowledge
social knowledge

4 Constructivism children are active learners, not passive observers
organize their knowledge into schemes schemes change through assimilation accommodation

5 Stages of Cognitive Development
children’s schemes change over time cognition develops in stages, not gradually each stage builds on accomplishments of prior stage

6 Sensori-motor Stage ages birth – 2 years old
infant uses senses and motor abilities to explore first explorations are innate reflexes goal-directed behaviors object permanence

7 Substages of Sensori-motor Stage
1st: (birth - 1 mo) innate reflexes, circular reactions 2nd: (1-4 mo) primary circular reactions 3rd: (4-8 mo) secondary circular

8 Substages of Sensori-motor Stage
4th: (8-12 mo) goal directed behavior object permanence 5th: (12-18 mo) tertiary circular 6th: (18-24 mo) Symbolic representation

9 Object permanence in 16 mo.

10 Preoperational Stage ages 2-7
child uses mental representations of objects play moves from using real objects to more complex play child’s thinking is perception-bound, egocentric, irreversible, centrated, intuitive, animistic

11 Categorization with 2.5 year olds

12 Concrete operations ages 7-11 child uses logical operations ability to
conserve think flexibly seriate classify with more than 1 attribute and with hierarchical thinking

13 Conservation Tasks

14 Formal operations ages 12 and up
child uses logical operations in a systematic fashion can think abstractly hypothetico-deductive thinking propositional thinking

15 Contributions of Piaget's Theories to Current Practice
focus on active, hands-on learning play is important sensitivity to a child's current level of understanding acceptance of individual differences

16 Criticisms of Piaget's Ideas
research methods Underestimated/overestimated the abilities of children didn't adequately consider the role of culture and experience in children’s undertaking of his tasks stage theory

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