How it is the Structure and Function of Cognition Unfolds
1. Born in Switzerland. 2. Worked with some “heavyweights” in France. 3. Concerned with manipulative behavior of children-- how they come to know things. 4. Developed an inductively built theory. 5. His influence here in the U.S.
A Theory is Made Up of Component Parts AssumptionsConceptsStructure The “givens of a theory accepted w/o proof The elements on which the theory is built What the theory “looks” like when it is graphically illustrated
Humans are biological organisms made up of reflexes and drives. Humans are not passive in their development. Humans a combination of genetic makeup and environmental influences. Mental growth consists of two processes: (a) development and (b) learning
Schemata-- refers to cognitive structures. Organization-- refers to the way schemata are organized and set up. Adaptation-- refers to the invariant process of change in schemata. Equilibrium-- refers to the cognitive balance that humans strive for through out development
Divided into 2 subperiods: The Preconceptual (2-4) and The Intuitive (4-7) Major Characteristic: Symbolic Function evidenced by language, imaginative play, increase in deferred imitation. Acceleration of language is regarded as an outcome of the development of symbolization, rather than the inverse.