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Piaget’s Cognitive Stages of Development

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Presentation on theme: "Piaget’s Cognitive Stages of Development"— Presentation transcript:

1 Piaget’s Cognitive Stages of Development
Sections 1 and 2, HDFS 129 Cody Grimm


3 How did Piaget Study? Piaget Studied his own children, and developed his Cognitive Developmental approach from these observations. We build our own version of the world

4 Processes of Development
Schemes Organization Assimilation & Accommodation Disequilibrium

5 Schemes First step to building your own view in the world
Your Newborn Brain=

6 Organization Refers to the organization of thought and behaviors into an overall category. DRIVING

7 Assimilation The use of your existing schemes to classify information. + =

8 Accommodation The adjustment of schemes to make room for new information. + =

9 Disequilibrium Is an imbalance of what’s understood and what’s encountered.

10 Cognitive Development Stages
Sensorimotor Stage 6 Substages Preoperational Stage 2 Substages Concrete Operational Stage Formal Operational Stage

11 Sensorimotor Stage Lasts from birth to 2 years of life
Infants begin to understand the world through use of movement and their senses

12 Substage 1: Simple Reflexes
First month after birth Coordination comes from reflexive behaviors Rooting Sucking Actively structuring experiences

13 Substage 2: First Habits and Primary Circular Reactions
Develops between 1 and 4 months Coordinates by two schemes: Habit Circular Reaction

14 Substage 3: Secondary Circular Reactions
Develops between 4 to 8 months More object oriented Repetition due to consequences

15 Substage 4: Coordination of Secondary Circular Reactions
Develops between 8 and 12 months Infants coordinate vision and touch, hand and eyes Coordination of schemes

16 Substage 5: Tertiary Circular Reactions, Novelty, and Curiosity
Develops between 12 and 18 months Intrigued by actions they can make happen Schemes develop further

17 Substage 6: Internalization of Schemes
Develops between 18 to 24 months Infants are able to use primitive symbols Expression of events in simple ways

18 Sensorimotor: Errors Object Permanence The A-Not-B Error

19 Object Permanence The understanding that objects continue to exist even when they cannot be seen, heard, or touched. Infants most important accomplishment!

20 A-Not-B Error

21 Preoperational Stage Lasts from approximately 2 to 7 years of age
Children begin to represent the world with words, images, and drawings—begin to form stable concepts and reasoning

22 Substage 1: Symbolic Function
Occurs between 2 and 4 Ability to mentally represent objects that are not present Two activities within this stage: Egocentrism Animism

23 Substage 2: Intuitive Thought
From about 4 to 7 years old Children begin to use primitive reasoning, and want to know the answers to A LOT of questions

24 Preoperational: Errors
Centration Conservation Number Matter Length

25 Centration Is the key focus on one characteristics at the exclusion of all others Key concept for preoperational errors Conservation The awareness that altering a items basic appearance does not change the basic properties

26 Conservation: Number

27 Conservation: Matter

28 Conservation: Length

29 Concrete Operational Stage
Lasts approximately from 7 to 11 years of age Children can operate concretely, and reason logically, as long as it can be applied to something specific.

30 Concrete Operational Continued
Activities associated: Seriation Transitivity A B C

31 Formal Operational Stage
Final Piagetian Stage Lasts approximately from 11 to 15 years of age Individuals move beyond concrete thought to more abstract and logical thinking.

32 Abstract, Idealistic, and Logical Thinking
Quality of abstract thinking: “I began thinking about why I was thinking about what I was. Then I began thinking about why I was thinking about what I was thinking about what I was.” Extended thoughts about their own desires and what ideal characteristics they strive for Use of hypothetical-deductive reasoning

33 Adolescent Egocentrism
Heightened self-consciousness, and the hope that others accept you simply by who you are. Adolescent Egocentrism falls into two categories Imaginary Audience Personal Fable

34 Imaginary Audience The feeling that one is the center of the stage
Very present in early adolescents

35 Personal Fable Sense of personal uniqueness and invincibility
No one truly understands them Invincibility Engagement in risky behavior

36 Summary

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