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200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 Gender Race & Ethnicity EconomicsPoliticsFamily
Personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female and male
What is Gender?
A form of social organization in which females dominate males
What is matriarchy?
Belief that one sex or the other is innately inferior or superior
What is sexism?
This type of sexism is “built into the system”
What is institutional sexism?
The advocacy of social equality for women and men, in opposition to patriarchy and sexism
What is feminism?
A socially constructed category composed of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important
What is race?
A shared cultural heritage
What is ethnicity?
Any category of people distinguished by physical or cultural difference that a society sets apart and subordinates
What is a minority group?
An exaggerated description applied to every person in some category
What is a stereotype?
The systematic killing of one category of people by another
What is genocide?
The social institution that organizes a society’s production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services
What is an economy?
This sector of the economy draws raw materials from the natural environment.
What is the primary work sector?
Economic activity that crosses national borders.
What is global economy?
An economic system where natural resources and the means of producing goods and services are privately owned.
What is capitalism?
Jobs that offer extensive benefits to workers.
What is the primary labor market?
The social institution that distributes power, sets a society’s agenda, and makes decisions.
What is politics?
the ability to achieve desired ends despite resistance from others.
What is Power?
power legitimized by respect for long-established cultural patterns.
What is traditional authority?
a type of political system that transfers power from generation to generation in a single family.
What is a monarchy?
a political system that denies popular participation in government.
What is authoritarianism?
a social institution, found in all societies, that unites individuals into cooperative groups that oversee the bearing and raising of children.
What is Family?
a legally sanctioned relationship involving economic cooperation as well as normative sexual activity and childbearing that people expect to be enduring.
What is marriage?
a family unit including parents, children, and also other kin.
What is an extended family?
marriage between people of the same social category
What is endogamy?
a type of marriage uniting one male to two or more females.
What is polygyny?
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