Presentation on theme: "The United States is among the most racially and ethnically heterogeneous societies in the world."— Presentation transcript:
The United States is among the most racially and ethnically heterogeneous societies in the world.
a category composed of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society deem socially significant. Three categories of race in the US White Black (East) Asian (19 th century terms: Caucasoid, Negroid, Mongoloid)
The United States is one of the few places where race is based entirely on skin color. What other characteristics could be used to determine race? The one drop rule If you have even one ancestor who is black, then you are considered black. Some people argue that race is becoming less significant in the US. Do you agree or disagree?
a shared cultural heritage Ethnic options the ability of whites in US society to pick and choose with which ethnic group they want to be identified. Ethnic enclave a segment of a community in which many of the residents share a common heritage and where their needs are catered (grocery stores, restaurants, entertainment, religious institutions, etc.)
Minority group a category of people, distinguished by physical or cultural traits, who are socially disadvantaged. Pluralism racial and ethnic minorities are distinct but have parity
Miscegenation biological reproduction by partners of different racial categories Assimilation the process by which minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant culture Melting pot vs. Salad bowl
Segregation physical and social separation of categories of people Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) the Supreme Court approved legally enforced segregation as long as the law did not make facilities for blacks inferior to those of whites. Brown v. Topeka Board of Education (Brown v. Board) (1954) The Supreme Court ruled that “separate but equal” does not work. Segregated schools provide African Americans with inferior schooling.
Prejudice rigid and irrational generalization about an entire category of people (can be based on race, ethnicity, class, sex, or any other category) Racism the belief that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to another
Stereotype Stereotype – a prejudicial, exaggerated description of some category of people Scapegoat person or category of people, typically, with little power, whom people unfairly blame for their own troubles
Discrimination any action that involves treating various categories of people unequally Institutional Discrimination bias in attitudes or action inherent in the operation of society’s institutions
Genocide the systematic annihilation of one category of people by another What are some examples?