2 African KingdomsAll major African kingdoms controlled important trade routes and were very advanced long….. before European contact.
3 Ghana, Mali, & Songhai All existed at different times. All three civilizations prospered due to the Gold and salt trade.All developed in West AfricaAll had artwork which included gold, bronze, and clay sculptures.
4 Empire of Ghana c800-c1100Eventually converted to Islam. (Cultural Diffusion)Conquered by Almoravids in the 11th century
5 How does culture diffusion happen? People move from place to placeTradeWarfareCultural diffusion is the spreading of ideas to new regions.Examples: Christmas traditions, foods, religions
6 Empire of Mali c1200-c1450 Islamic Kingdom Rose in power after Ghana’s demiseGreatest leader was Mansa MusaHe expanded the empire to nearly twice the size of Ghana.Timbuktu became a very prominent “LEARNING CENTER”
7 Mansa Musa Emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa. He made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and established trade routes to the Middle East. (demonstrates what taking place?)
8 Empire of Songhai c1450-c1600 Islamic Kingdom Songhai came into power as the Empire of Mali weakenedTimbuktu continued to be a great cultural and learning center.They were conquered by the Moroccans with the use of gunpowder and cannons.
9 Empire of Kush c750BC – 200AD Northeast Africa Conquered Egypt and ruled large empire for 80 yearsLearned to make iron weapons and tools (cultural diffusion)Used iron ore deposits to support large iron industryLocated along major trade routes.
10 Empire of Axum c200AD-c700ADGrew in power as the Empire of Kush declinedBlended Arab and African culturesPresent day EthiopiaBecame a Christian Kingdom in 324 ADLocated along major trade routes.
11 In order for towns and cities to develop there must be a surplus of food? Why? This allows people to specialize in production of different items.They would then trade these goods for the food they need.
12 In Africa, there is a great diversity of geography In Africa, there is a great diversity of geography. How did this influence cultural diffusion?DesertsMountainsRiversRain ForestsThis made it hard to travelLed to less cultural diffusionThis led to great cultural diversity
14 In Africa, an effect of topography and climate has been to…... 1. Promote the growth of diverse societies2. Promote large scale trade between Africa and Asia3. Encourage rapid industrialization of the interior4. Prevent the development of kingdoms
15 The existence of the civilizations of Ghana, Axum, Kush, & Mali demonstrates that... 1. African civilizations were extremely isolated from each other.2. Industrial technology was needed for early African civilizations to develop3. Advanced societies developed in Africa before any European colonization.4. The African continent was unified under a single political system.
16 One similarity between Axum, Kush, & Nubia was that they were... 1. Military leaders in the Neolithic age.2. Early civilizations in Africa3. Writers of epic poems about Greek cities.4. Rivers along which early trade developed.
17 One similarity between the ancient African kingdoms of Egypt, Ghana, Mali, and Songhai is that all of these kingdom were located...1. In mountainous terrain2. In coastal areas3. In rain forest areas4. On major trading routes
18 Before West African civilizations had contact with Europeans, these civilizations developed 1. One system of government for the entire region2. Social systems that emphasized the nuclear family3. Economies that did not rely on trade4. Art that included bronze,gold, and clay sculptures
19 Which factor contributed most to the development of ancient African kingdoms of Ghana and Mali? 1. The Coptic religion2. Democratic government3. European Imperialism4. Extensive trade
20 Which activity is the best example of cultural diffusion in Africa? 1. Discovering bronze sculptures form Benin2. Weaving kente cloth in Ghana3. Practicing of Islam in Nigeria4. Using masks in traditional African ceremonies.
21 Regents Exam Prep Center African Trading Civilization Questions