Presentation on theme: "Unit 2: Regional Civilizations 730 BC – 1650 AD"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit 2: Regional Civilizations 730 BC – 1650 AD (Part 2: Chapters )The Middle Ages in Africa, the Middle East and Asia
2 Ch 10 Review QuestionsWho is Muhammad and why is he significant to World History?What are some important beliefs of Muslims?What were some social and economic advances brought about by Muslim empires?
3 Chapter 11: Kingdoms and Trading States of Africa (730 BC – AD 1591) Trade routes are the key to holding power and transferring culture in Medieval Africa.
4 S1: Early Civilizations of Africa * The Influence of GeographyAfrica is the 2nd largest continentWide range of climates, vegetation, and terrainsVariety = diversity of culture in Africa
5 Resources Spur TradeSince ancient times, Africa’s mineral wealth has spurred trade across the continent and into other continents.Ex: Salt, Gold, Iron, CopperValuable items to early trade that brought wealth and power to African trading cities.How do you think understanding trade can help us better understand the history of Africa?
6 S2: Kingdoms of West Africa Some African Medieval Cities become wealthy commercial centers.Between , severalpowerful kingdoms wincontrol of these prosperouscities and their trade.
7 Kingdoms of West Africa GhanaFounded around AD 800, Located near the Niger and Senegal rivers, the king controlled the gold-salt trade routes across West AfricaMaliAround 1235 AD, winscontrol of the gold traderoutes after the collapseof Ghana’s empireSonghaiAround 1400, establishesits kingdom in West Africa asMali’s empire loses its power
8 S3: Kingdoms and Trading States of East Africa Axum (Aksum): Center of Goods and IdeasBy AD 300s, Christianity spreads to Africa and the King of Axum names it the official religionBy AD 400, commanded atriangular trade network thatconnected Africa, India, and theMediterranean world.
9 Ethiopia A Christian Outpost Medieval Ethiopia Descendants of Axum Success due in part to the unifying power of their Christian faith.Ethiopia
10 S4: Societies in Medieval Africa *Key Thought: Africa’s varied geography and climates and the development of migration and trade have played major roles in how early societies developed throughout the continent.How do you think geography / climate / migration / trade can impact the development of a society?
11 Elements of African Society Family PatternsEach family belonged to a lineage (common ancestor)Patrilineal: inheritance passed through the father’s sideMatrilineal: inheritance passed through the mother’s sidePolitical PatternsVaried based on culture and size of communityEx: In some villages, a chief had most of the authority, but in other villages a group of elders made the major decisions.Religious BeliefsVarious beliefs early on, but by 1000AD both Christianity and Islam spreadto many regions of Africa
12 Ch. 11 Quick ReviewWhat are some factors that helped shape the development of early civilizations in Africa?What seemed to be the key to power for West African Kingdoms such as Ghana, Mali, and Songhai?What two major world religions spread into Africa and impacted its development?