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People & Perspectives Foundations of Sociology
Father of Sociology Auguste Comte 1798 – 1857 Inspired by French Revolution Social statics (constants) Social dynamics (change)
Functionalist Perspective cont.. – Shared beliefs & values = glue that holds society together – Society = interdependent parts
Functionalist Perspective Herbert Spencer (1820 – 1903) – Influenced by Charles Darwin – Social Darwinism
Functionalist Perspective Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) – Applied principles of science
Functionalist Perspective Modern Theory Society = interrelated parts Function = positive Dysfunction = negative – Manifest = intended consequence – Latent = unintended consequence
Manifest & Latent Functions Identify the manifest and latent functions of each of the following: – Birth control – Drinking age – Internet – Fast Food
List 10 goals you have for the future…(long-term) Do those goals promote competition?
Conflict Perspective Karl Marx (1818 – 1883) Society is influenced by the economy Workers vs. owners
Conflict Perspective Focus on aspects of society that promote competition & change Powerful vs. Powerless Competition leads to conflict…conflict leads to social change
Interactionist Perspective Max Weber (1864- 1920) Focused on the effects of society on individuals Verstehen = empathy
Interactionist Perspective Individual interaction Role/Meaning of symbols
Sociology -- the scientific study of human social relationships
Founders and Pioneers of Sociology
Bell Ringer Define “sociology” in your own words..
Are there Aliens in Pine Bush? List three (3) possible explanations for this local issue.
Sociology Introductory Topics.
Sociology: Then and Now Pages 9-17
Introduction to Sociology. What is Sociology? The study of human society including social organization and social action The study of human society including.
Examining Social Life Chapter 1 – Section 1.
An Invitation to Sociology
Early Sociologists and Perspectives…
Chapter 1 section 2. Theories & perspectives… A THEORY is an explanation of how something works. A THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE is a general set of assumptions.
What is Sociology? the scientific study of social structure (human social behavior) Sociological Perspective: a view that looks at behavior of groups,
What factors led to the development of Social Sciences? French Revolution: A new social order was needed Industrial Revolution: Industries were replacing.
Famous sociologists And Major sociological perspectives
The Sociological Point of View
I NTRODUCTION TO S OCIOLOGY Chapter 1, Section 1.
The Big 5.
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