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Published byJeffrey Clarke
Modified over 6 years ago
Problems and Challenges of Late Middle Age Christendom
French King (Philip the Fair) convinces Pope to move to Avignon Popes concentrated on administrative (not spiritual) matters Lived a life of luxury
Gregory XI returns the Church to Rome Death leads to the election of an Italian, Urban VI Heavy-handed ways leads to a revolt by cardinals.
Cardinals elect Clement VII (French) & excommunicate Urban VI Clement sets up in Avignon; Urban remains in Rome
Allied with ClementAllied with Urban France Scotland Aragon Castile Portugal England Holy Roman Empire (loose) Italian city-states (move to Clement)
The Schism confused lay people Opened the Church up to criticism Weakened its hold on the people
William of Occam Marsiglio of Padua John Wyclif Jan Hus
Both argue ◦ Separation of church and state ◦ Pope should have limited powers ◦ Church take a back-seat to state Conciliarists ◦ Power in hands of council, not pope alone
Bible was the ultimate authority; not pope Translated Bible to English “Lollards” spread ideas and Bibles
Criticized indulgences Preached in Czech language in Bohemia Increased Czech nationalism, forced a separation from Catholic church
Attempt to heal schism Elect a new pope, but other two do not leave ◦ Three popes!!!!
Meet to: ◦ End schism ◦ Reform church ◦ End heresy Execute Hus End schism by electing new pope (Martin V)
Confraternities ◦ Groups of lay people who took on the functions of the church Mysticism ◦ Intense religious feelings ◦ Visions, “experiencing God”, the Holy Spirit, “Born Again”
The Hundred Years’ War & The Plague
The Hundreds’ Year War and the Plague Teamwork?. A Church Divided Pope and King CollidePope and King Collide –Kings must obey Popes (Boniface stated)
Martin Luther & The Reformation. Church Abuses Pope Boniface VIII ( ) – Declared that all temporal matters & even rulers were ultimately subjects.
AP World History POD #14 – Age of Transition
Chapter 14 Section 6 Challenges to Church Power. Review What happened During the HYW to both the French and English monarchies? What happened During the.
The Babylonian Captivity, the Great Schism, and the Hundred Years’ War
Questions for this Section How did the internal differences weaken the Catholic Church? How would monarchs of other countries view the pope’s move to France?
Western Civilizations Unit 7 PP 3
The Avignon Papacy. What is going on? During the 13 th -14 th centuries everything seemed to go wrong Christendom is disintegrated – Nations are fighting.
The Great Schism, The Great Schism Moving the papacy from Rome to Avignon in 1309 caused an outcry, especially from Italians. Critics of the.
The Great Schism AP Euro 2.1.
The Spread of Protestantism. Protestant - Originally the term for Luther’s supporters who “protested” against Catholic loyalists in Germany Reformation.
T HE P ROTESTANT R EFORMATION Catholic vs. Protestant.
MAIN IDEA: FOR MORE THAN A CENTURY, THE PAPACY WAS TROUBLED BY ITS PHYSICAL SEPARATION FROM ROME AND BY RIVAL POPES CLAMING AUTHORITYPAPACYPOPES.
THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION.
The Religious Chaos of the Late Middle Ages. Overview The Catholic Church Dominated the social, political and economic trends of the Middle Ages.
The Breakdown and Revival of the Medieval Church
The Avignon Papacy and the Great Schism. Question: Why did people in the Middle Ages and Renaissance have such a deep faith in the Church? Comfort and.
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