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El subjuntivo: The WEDDING TENSE
What is the subjunctive tense?
Actually, the subjunctive is not referred to as a tense, such as preterit or future, but rather as a mood.
The indicative mood states facts and expresses certainty or reality.
The subjunctive mood expresses uncertainty, doubt, wishes, desires, and conditions that are unreal or contrary to fact.
Does English use the subjunctive mood?
Yes, Homer, but it is used far more frequently in Spanish.
Example: It is important that he go to a good school.
When does one know when to use subjunctive?
In order to use the subjunctive, it is important that we have A WEDDING
¡Maravilloso! ¿Una boda?
A W.E.D.D.I,N.G. is actually an acronym to help us remember all of the different ways we use the subjunctive mood. is for Adverbial phrases
Adverbial Phrases include:
a fin de que: so that para que: so that a menos que: unless antes de que: before con tal que: provided that en caso de que: in case (that) sin que: without
is for Wishing, wanting or requesting
Wishing, wanting and requesting
aconsejar: to advise or counsel desear: to wish, to want exigir: to demand insistir: to insist mandar: to command, to order pedir: to ask for preferir: to prefer querer: to want rogar:to beg suplicar: to plead
Stands for EMOTIONS: alegrarse de que: to be happy that
entristecerse de que: to be sad that esperar: to hope ojalá: if only/god willing sorprenderse de que : surprised that temer que: to fear that tener miedo de que: to be afraid that
is for Doubt ¿creer? ¿pensar? dudar no creer
¿Hay alguién que…? (Is there someone who…) Busco a una persona que… I am looking for a person that….
is for: 2 negar: to deny prohibir: to prohibit DENIAL
Es importante que es menester que: it is important that Es imposible que es necesario que: Es lastima que: it is a pity that es preciso que: it is necessary that Es mejor que: it is better that es posible que Mas vale que: it is better that es probable que
eed necesitar: to need
sentir que: to feel sorry lamentar: to lament, to feel bad that
rief sentir que: to feel sorry lamentar: to lament, to feel bad that
In order to have A WEDDING, we need 3 things:
1. an independent verb or phrase, “a strong verb”
In this case, a strong, independent woman She must make the proposal
2. A dependent verb that will submit to the independent verb
In between the independent and the dependent, there is another important element
Proposals are completed with a wedding ring.
We usually say that the ring is 14K or 12K
For our purposes, we will say that the proposal is complete with 1K (que)
In order to form subjunctive, we must have three requirements
1. The independent verb or phrase, or WEDDING phrase The (K) que in between 2. The dependent verb: (He must change)
Dependent Verbs To be successful in his marriage, we know that the dependent MUST CHANGE
The general rule for changing dependent verbs into subjunctive is by adding the opposite vowel ending. que yo: hable que tu: hables que el hable que nosotros hablemos que vosotros habléis que ellos hablen hablar
The opposite vowel rule is always true in the subjunctive:
However, there are different families of verbs that have different rules about how the stem of the verb changes.
With verbs that stem change e-ie, o-ue, or e-i
Familia de los zapatos With verbs that stem change e-ie, o-ue, or e-i Always stem-change first, and then put on the opposite vowel ending.
Familia Yo-GO Verbs that change to “go” in “yo” form in the present tense must change as such and then you put on the opposite vowel ending. pongo = ponga vengo = venga oigo = oiga hago = haga digo = diga
The i changes to y in verbs that end in -uir in present tense.
Famila -ya The i changes to y in verbs that end in -uir in present tense. Present (el) Subj. (el) construir construye construya distribuir distribuye distribuya
Familia -ZCA Verbs that end in –cer or –cir change in yo form present tense to –zco. Present (yo) Subj. (yo) conocer conozco conozca conducir conduzco conduzca
-zar: z changes to ce -gar: g changes to gue -car: c changes to que
Familia -CAR, -GAR, -ZAR -zar: z changes to ce -gar: g changes to gue -car: c changes to que
saber: sepa dar: dé ir: vaya caber: quepa haber: haya estar: esté
Familia irregular saber: sepa dar: dé ir: vaya caber: quepa haber: haya estar: esté
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