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The Present Subjunctive

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1 The Present Subjunctive
Page 132 – Chapter 3 Realidades 3

2 The Subjunctive Up to now you have been using verbs in the indicative mood, which is used to talk about facts or actual events.

3 The Subjunctive Aprendo francés para mi viaje.

4 The Subjunctive Spanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.

5 The Subjunctive We use it to say what one person does or doesn’t want, tell, suggest, or recommend someone else to do.

6 The Subjunctive A sentence that includes the subjunctive form has two parts connected by the word que. For example:

7 The Subjunctive Quiero que tú respires lentamente.
I want you to breathe slowly.

8 The Subjunctive Sugiero que bebas agua antes de correr.
I suggest that you drink water before running.

9 The Subjunctive El entrenador exige que los atletas estiren los músculos. The trainer demands that the athletes stretch their muscles.

10 The Subjunctive You can also suggest more general or impersonal ideas using expressions such as es necesario…es bueno…and es importante…, followed by que and a form of the present subjunctive.

11 The Subjunctive Es necesario que hagas ejercicio.
It’s necessary that you do exercise. Es importante que los jóvenes coman bien. It’s important that the young people eat well.

12 The Subjunctive Note that the subjunctive sentences have two parts, each with a different subject, connected by the word que:

13 2 Clauses Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés
Independent clause (stands on its own) Subject > Verb Separated by the word “que” Dependent clause (can’t stand on its own) Begins with the word “que.” Subjunctive Verb Indicative Verb

14 The Subjunctive The first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, and so on) + que and the second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen).

15 The Subjunctive Verbs that are often followed by que + subjunctive:
Decir Insistir en Necesitar Permitir Preferir (e > ie) Prohibir Querer (e > ie) Recomendar (e > ie) Sugerir (e > ie)

16 The Subjunctive We form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form negative tú commands.

17 The Subjunctive We drop the -o of the present-tense indicative yo form and add the subjunctive endings.

18 The Subjunctive For -ar verbs: e, es, e, emos, éis, en
For -er/-ir verbs: a, as, a, amos, áis, an

19 SALTAR – to jump salte saltes saltemos saltéis salten

20 CONOCER – to know conozca conozcas conozcamos conozcáis conozcan

21 DECIR – to say/tell diga digas digamos digáis digan

22 The Subjunctive The present subjunctive has the same spelling changes and irregular yo form changes used with the negative tú commands and Ud./Uds. commands.

23 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
As in negative commands, irregular verbs that add a “g” to the stem in the present-tense yo form also have a “g” in the present subjunctive.

24 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
caerse decir hacer poner salir tener traer

25 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
hacer hag-o haga tener teng-o tenga

26 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
Also verbs ending in –car, -gar, and –zar have a spell change in order to maintain the original sound.

27 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
buscar busco busque pagar pago pague cruzar cruzo cruce

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