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The Present Subjunctive (with Ojalá) P. 339 Avancemos 2.

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Presentation on theme: "The Present Subjunctive (with Ojalá) P. 339 Avancemos 2."— Presentation transcript:


2 The Present Subjunctive (with Ojalá) P. 339 Avancemos 2

3 The Subjunctive l Up to now you have been using verbs in the indicative mood, which is used to talk about facts or actual events.

4 The Subjunctive l Aprendo francés para mi viaje.

5 The Subjunctive l Spanish has another way of using verbs called the subjunctive mood.

6 The Subjunctive l We use it to say what one person does or doesnt want, tell, suggest, or recommend someone else to do.

7 The Subjunctive l A sentence that includes the subjunctive form has two parts connected by the word que. l For example:

8 The Subjunctive l Recomendamos que Uds. hablen con un agente de viajes. l We recommend that you speak with a travel agent.

9 The Subjunctive l ¿Quiere Ud. que escribamos nuestros nombres en las maletas. l Do you want us to write our names on our suitcases?

10 The Subjunctive l Note that the subjunctive sentences have two parts, each with a different subject, connected by the word que:

11 2 Clauses Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés Independent clause (stands on its own) Subject > Verb Separated by the word que Dependent clause (cant stand on its own) Begins with the word que. Indicative Verb Subjunctive Verb

12 The Subjunctive l The first subject uses the present indicative verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition, and so on) + que and the second subject uses the present subjunctive verb (what should happen).

13 The Subjunctive l Verbs that are often follewed by que + subjunctive: l Decir l Insistir en l Necesitar l Permitir l Preferir (e > ie) l Prohibir l Querer (e > ie) l Recomendar (e > ie) l Sugerir (e > ie) l Ojalá

14 The Subjunctive l We form the present subjunctive of most verbs the same way we form negative tú commands.

15 The Subjunctive l We drop the -o of the present-tense indicative yo form and add the subjunctive endings.

16 The Subjunctive l For -ar verbs: l e, es, e, emos, éis, en l For -er/-ir verbs: l a, as, a, amos, áis, an

17 HABLAR hable hables hable hablemos habléis hablen

18 COMER coma comas coma comamos comáis coman

19 VIVIR viva vivas viva vivamos viváis vivan

20 The Subjunctive l The present subjunctive has the same spelling changes and irregular yo form changes used with the negative tú commands and Ud./Uds. commands.

21 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs l As in negative commands, irregular verbs that add ag to the stem in the present-tense yo form also have a g in the present subjunctive.

22 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs l caerse l decir l hacer l poner l salir l tener l traer

23 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs hacer hag-ohaga tener teng-otenga

24 HACER haga hagas haga hagamos hagáis hagan

25 TENER tenga tengas tenga tengamos tengáis tengan

26 The Subjunctive l -gar, -car, -zar verbs: l -gar: g > gu l -car: c > qu l -zar: z > c

27 LLEGAR (g > gu) llegue llegues llegue lleguemos lleguéis lleguen

28 BUSCAR (c > qu) busque busqes busque busquemos busquéis busquen

29 CRUZAR (z > c) cruce cruces cruce crucemos crucéis crucen

30 The Subjunctive (with Ojalá) l Fact: (indicative) Ganamos un premio hoy. Were winning a prize today. l Hope: (subjunctive) ¡Ojalá que ganemos un premio hoy! I hope that we win a prize today!

31 The Subjunctive l Stem-changing –ar and –er verbs in the present tense also change in the subjunctive.

32 PENSAR (e > ie) piense pienses piense pensemos penséis piensen

33 PODER (o > ue) puede puedes puede puedemos puedéis pueden

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