Presentation on theme: "Social Groups andOrganizations Chapter 6. Social group Consists of a number of people who have a common identity, some feeling of unity, and certain."— Presentation transcript:
A social group has a purpose and is therefore important to its members, who know how to tell an “insider” from an “outsider.”
Six characteristics of social groups: Permanence beyond the meetings of members, that is, even when members are dispersed Permanence beyond the meetings of members, that is, even when members are dispersed Means for identifying members Means for identifying members Mechanisms for recruiting new members Mechanisms for recruiting new members Goals or purposes Goals or purposes Social statuses and roles, that is, norms for behavior Social statuses and roles, that is, norms for behavior Means for controlling members’ behavior Means for controlling members’ behavior
Primary and Secondary Groups What is the difference between a primary group and a secondary group? Give an example.
The difference between primary and secondary groups lies in the kinds of relationships their members have with one another.
Primary groups Involve interaction among members who have an emotional investment in one another and in a situation, who know one another intimately, and who interact as total individuals rather than through specialized roles.
Secondary group Is characterized by much less intimacy among its members. It usually has specific goals Is formally organized and is impersonal.
Functions of Groups To function properly, all groups—both primary and secondary—must Defining Boundaries Choosing Leaders Making Decisions Setting Goals Assigning Tasks Controlling Members’ Behavior Reference Groups
Social institutions The ordered social relationships that grow out of the values, norms, statuses, and roles that organize those activities that fulfill society’s fundamental needs.
Social Institutions FamilyEducationEconomicReligiousPolitical
Social Organization Social organization Consists of the relatively stable pattern of social relationships among individuals and groups in society. Consists of the relatively stable pattern of social relationships among individuals and groups in society. Relationships are based on systems of social roles, norms, and shared meanings that provide regularity and predictability in social interaction.