Presentation on theme: "Section 1: Building Blocks of Social Structure"— Presentation transcript:
1 Section 1: Building Blocks of Social Structure CHAPTER 4Social StructureSection 1: Building Blocks of Social StructureSection 2: Types of Social InteractionSection 3: Types of SocietiesSection 4: Groups Within SocietySection 5: The Structure of Formal Organizations
2 SECTION 1Building Blocks of Social StructureQuestion:What are the two major components of social structure, and how do they affect human interaction?
3 Building Blocks of Social Structure SECTION 1Building Blocks of Social StructureStatusExamples of RolesExamples of Conflict / Strainfire fighterputting out fires, saving lives, wearing a uniformvoluntarily puts self in danger but has loved ones who need him or hermotherproviding food and shelter, nurturing family, disciplining childrenwork fatigue and long shifts make household tasks and interactions difficultP.T.A. presidentrunning meetings, recruiting new members, planning activitieshas trouble getting members to attend and follow through on promises
4 SECTION 2Types of Social InteractionQuestion:What are some common types of social interaction, and what are examplesof each?
5 Types of Social Interactions SECTION 2Types of Social InteractionExchangeCompetitionTypes of Social InteractionsConflictCooperationAccommodation
6 SECTION 3Types of SocietiesQuestion:What are the three main types of societies and characteristics or examples of each?
7 Types of Societies SECTION 3 Preindustrial Industrial PostindustrialTypes of Societieshunting and gathering; pastoral; horticultural; mechanical solidarityagriculturalmanufacturingurban; technology;organic solidarityinformation;provision of services
8 Question: What are the purposes and functions of groups? SECTION 4Groups Within SocietyQuestion:What are the purposes and functions of groups?
9 control members’ behavior SECTION 4Groups Within Societydefine boundariesselect leadersGROUP FUNCTIONSset goalsassign tasksmake decisionscontrol members’ behavior
10 Question: How are bureaucracies structured? SECTION 5 The Structure of Formal OrganizationsQuestion:How are bureaucracies structured?
11 The Structure of Formal Organizations SECTION 5The Structure of Formal OrganizationsHead of the Bureaucracy(CEO, Superintendent, president, etc.)Department Head/VP(subordinates)Department Head/VP
12 Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 4 1. How can a person’s status differ from his or her role?2. How does role conflict affect groups and individuals? How can it be resolved?3. What are the five most common forms of interaction recognized by sociologists?4. Identify and describe the three broad categories of societies used by sociologists.5. How do the roles of group members differ between primary and secondary groups?6. What, according to Max Weber’s model, are the major characteristics of a bureaucracy?7. What weaknesses influence the effectiveness of bureaucracies?