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Chapter 5: Social Structure and Interaction in Everyday Life Chapter 5: Social Structure and Interaction in Everyday Life Slides Created and Designed.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5: Social Structure and Interaction in Everyday Life Chapter 5: Social Structure and Interaction in Everyday Life Slides Created and Designed."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Chapter 5: Social Structure and Interaction in Everyday Life Chapter 5: Social Structure and Interaction in Everyday Life Slides Created and Designed by Apple Mountain Software, Inc. Sociology In Our Times Diana Kendall

3 DEFINITION : SOCIAL STRUCTURE THE STABLE PATTERS OF SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS THAT EXIST WITHIN A PARTICULAR GROUP OR SOCIETY

4 SOCIAL STRUCTURE FRAMEWORK TraditionalEmergent Ascribed Status Achieved Status SOCIETY Social Groups Primary Groups Secondary Groups Social Institutions Statuses and Roles

5 CREATE ORDER AND PREDICTABILITY IN A SOCIETY, AND GIVES US THE ABILITY TO INTERPRET THE SOCIAL SITUATIONS. CHARACTERISTIC OF SOCIAL STRUCTURES ORGANIZE OUR UNDERSTANDING OF SOCIAL, NATURAL AND PHYSICAL EVENTS SOCIAL STRUCTURES “PLACE” US IN SOCIETY

6 ARE CREATED BY US BUT ACT ON US THEY ENDURE OVER TIME AND CHANGE SLOWLY

7 COMPONENTS OF SOCIAL STRUCTURES TYPES OF STRUCTURES GROUPS AND ORGANIZATIONS STATUSES AND ROLES INSTITUTIONS

8 PHYSICAL STRUCTURES

9 WORK

10 CIVIL PROTEST

11 CHANGING FAMILY STRUCTURES

12 ROLE OF WOMEN

13 IMMIGRATION

14 IDEAS AND INDIVIDUALS

15 CHANGES IN SOCIAL STRUCTURES DURKHEIM: “WHAT HOLDS SOCIETY TOGETHER?” MECHANICAL SOLIDARITY: BASED ON SIMILARITIES AS TRADITIONS, COMMUNITY RULES, SAME VALUES ORGANIC SOLIDARITY: BASED ON DIFFERENCES, DIVISION OF LABOR

16 TONNIES’ THEORY OF SOCIAL ORGANIZATION GEMEINSCHAFT: “COMMUNITY”, TRADITION, KINSHIP. ASCRIBED STATUS DETERMINES PLACE IN SOCIETY GESELLSHAFT: “ASSOCIATION”, INDUSTRIALIZED SOCIETY, IMPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS, BASED ON ACHIEVED STATUS

17 Groups Primary Groups Secondary Groups Social Network Formal Organization Formal Organization Key Concepts for Under- standing Groups Key Concepts for Under- standing Groups

18 Social Institutions Providing and Maintaining a Sense of Purpose Preserving Order Producing, Distributing and Consuming Goods/Services Teaching New Members Teaching New Members Replacing Members Essential Functions of Social Institutions Essential Functions of Social Institutions

19 SOCIAL STATUS THE SOCIALLY DEFINED POSITION IN SOCIETY EXAMPLE: MOTHER, STUDENT, OCCUPATION ASCRIBED: STATUS DOES NOT CHANGE ACHIEVED: STATUS CAN CHANGE

20 MASTER STATUS DETERMINES PERSON’S SOCIAL POSITION EXAMPLES: BEING RICH, POOR, OCCUPATION, MAJOR ACCOMPLISHMENT, PHYSICAL CONDITION

21 STATUS RECOGNITION SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS: PRESTIGE, HONOR LIFESTYLE STATUS SYMBOLS: MATERIAL SIGNS BELIEFS ACHIEVEMENTS

22 Roles Role Expectation Role Ambiguity Role Conflict Role Strain Role Distancing Role Exit Key Concepts for Understanding Roles Key Concepts for Understanding Roles

23 SOCIAL ROLE A SET OF BEHAVIORAL EXPECTATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH A GIVEN STATUS ROLE EXPECTATION: SOCIETY’S DEFINITION OF A ROLE ROLE PERFORMANCE: HOW A PERSON ACTUALLY PLAYS THE ROLE

24 ROLE CONFLICT: ROLE DEMANDS FROM TWO OR MORE STATUS POSITIONS ROLE STRAIN: INCOMPATIBLE DEMANDS EXISTING IN A SINGLE STATUS POSITION

25 SYMBOLIC INTERACTION THEORY SOCIAL INTERACTION CREATES MEANING CIVIL INATTENTION SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF REALITY DEFINITION OF THE SITUATION

26 Dramaturgical Analysis Back Stage Front Stage Studied Nonobservance Studied Nonobservance Face-Saving Behavior Face-Saving Behavior Impression Management Impression Management Key Concepts of Dramaturgical Analysis Key Concepts of Dramaturgical Analysis

27 DRAMATURGICAL ANALYSIS EVERYDAY LIFE SEEN AS THEATRICAL PRESENTATION IMPRESSION MANAGEMENT (PRESENTATION OF SELF) STAGE PROPS FACE SAVING BEHAVIOR, “STUDIED NON-OBSERVANCE”

28 NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION COMMUNICATING WITHOUT USE OF SPEECH COMMUNICATES PERSONS EMOTIONS

29 Distance Zones CloserFarther Intimate Distance Intimate Distance Personal Distance Personal Distance Social Distance Social Distance Public Distance Public Distance

30 SOCIAL STRUCTURE DEFINITION: STABLE PATTERNS OF SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS STATUS POSITIONS SOCIAL ROLES DETERMINED BY CULTURE


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