Section 3-4 Click the Speaker button to replay the audio. George Washington
Let’s Have a Party Washington’s presidency did not go without critics Most critics were supporters of Thomas Jefferson Parties (“factions”) developed Washington normally sided with Hamilton over Jefferson Partisan – favoring one side of an issue Two Parties Develop: Federalists - those who supported the Washington administration, sided with Britain over France, Northeast Americans and wealthy Southern plantation owners Republicans (or Democratic-Republicans) – backed by Jefferson and Madison, supported France, Middle-Atlantic and Southern small farmers and urban workers
Federalists (Hamilton) Democratic-Republicans (Jefferson) Democratic-Republicans (Jefferson) Rule by the wealthy Strong Fed. Government Emph. on Manufacturing Loose Constitutional Interpretation British alliance National Bank Protective Tariffs Rule by the People Strong State Governments Emph. on Agriculture Strict Constitutional Interpretation French Alliance State Banks Free Trade Parties
DFS 8-3 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer.
All About Perspective Implied Powers – powers that are not expressly written in the Constitution Hamilton = National Bank is “necessary and proper” (and convenient) Jefferson and Madison = implied powers are only those that are “absolutely necessary” People’s Role Federalists believed that educated men should lead, but the Republicans believed that all people should have a voice Washington’s cabinet = 1793 – Jefferson resigns as Secretary of State; 1795 – Hamilton resigns as Secretary of Treasury Election of 1796 Caucuses – meetings of the political parties to choose the candidate for office Federalists – John Adams ; Republicans = Thomas Jefferson Adams- President; Jefferson – Vice President (second highest vote)
Hail to the Chief, John Adams! The XYZ Affair – attempt by France to intimidate the Americans Charles de Talleyrand - French foreign minister sent three agents to America demanding a bribe for imprisoned sailors Adams did not give in and told Congress to prepare for war Congress did not declare war, but the French and American Naval forces did battle during 1798-1800 Aliens – immigrants living in the country who were not citizens Alien and Sedition Acts – acts that prohibited illegal actions against the government Sedition - activities aimed at weakening the established government
At Home and Far Away The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions – each state said that the A-S Acts were unconstitutional Nullify – legally overturn State’s Rights – the states have the right to hold the rights that the Constitution does not give to the federal government Adam’s signed a treaty with the French that hurt his political life, but it helped the American government The Republicans yet again relied on Jefferson for the election of 1800
Section 3-24 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answers. Checking for Understanding __ 1.powers not specifically mentioned in the Constitution __ 2.favoring one side of an issue __ 3.a meeting held by a political party to choose their party’s candidate for president or decide policy __ 4.activities aimed at weakening established government __ 5.an immigrant living in a country in which he or she is not a citizen A.partisan B.implied powers C.caucus D.alien E.sedition Define Match the terms on the right with their definitions on the left. B A C E D