Presentation on theme: "John Adams 2nd President of the United States The Alien and Sedition Acts."— Presentation transcript:
John Adams 2nd President of the United States The Alien and Sedition Acts
Key Terms political parties: groups that help elect people and shape policies Federalists: strong federal government; party founded by Alexander Hamilton Democratic-Republicans: limited federal government; party founded by Thomas Jefferson
The Election of 1796 First time more than one candidate runs for president Rivalry between two political parties dominates the election Adams and Pinkney chosen as Federalist candidates Jefferson and Aaron Burr chosen as Democratic- Republican candidates Results:
XYZ Affair President Adams wanted to improve relations with France Sent 3 agents to Paris to negotiate a treaty to protect US shipping French Foreign Minister refuses to meet with them 3 French agents (X,Y,Z) demand $250,000 and a $12million loan US agents refuse all demands and go home
Alien and Sedition Acts Federalist controlled Congress passes 4 laws Controversial because...intended to protect the United States......but, was a hidden attempt to crush opposition to war
Alien Act Alien Act allows the president to imprison or kick out any foreigners he thought were dangerous Alien Act makes immigrants wait 14 years (was 5) to become a citizen
Sedition Act Sedition Act forbids anyone to publish or voice criticism of the federal government Sedition Act cancels free speech and freedom of the press
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions Argue that Alien & Sedition Acts are unconstitutional Federal government cannot interfere with state gov’t Written by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison Jefferson & Madison oppose Congress However, Alien & Sedition Acts allowed to expire Resolutions make clear that states CAN challenge federal government
John Adams’ Presidency pp. 212-215 Describe a SECOND event that divided the Federalists and the Republicans. Use the section headings in the textbook for clues. Describe ONE event that divided the Federalists and the Republicans. Use the section headings in the textbook for clues. Describe a THIRD event that divided the Federalists and the Republicans. Use the section headings in the textbook for clues.
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