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Published bySuzan Ellis Modified over 7 years ago
1797 - 1801
The First Political Parties Causes Different philosophies of government Conflicting interpretations of the Constitution Different economic & regional interests Disagreement over foreign affairs
Hamilton v Jefferson Federalists Democratic -Republicans Led by Alexander Hamilton Rule by wealthy class Strong federal government Emphasis on manufacturing Loose interpretation of the Constitution British alliance National bank Protective tariffs Led by Thomas Jefferson Rule by the people Strong state governments Emphasis on farming Strict interpretation of the Constitution French alliance State banks Free trade
John Adams - Federalist John Adams (Federalist) elected President Thomas Jefferson (Democratic- Republican) elected Vice-President
XYZ Affair France was seizing American ships that did business with Great Britain Adams sends delegation to France to negotiate an end to the dispute French foreign minister Charles de Talleyrand demands a bribe before meeting with the American delegation 4. America refuses & "Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute“ becomes the rallying cry as we begin to prepare for war. Federalists hoped to benefit from anti-French sentiment, but Adams refused to rush into war simply for political gain & sends another delegation to France to try again. 1800 - America & France sign a treaty putting an end to the threat of war
Alien & Sedition Acts (1798) passed by the Federalist controlled Congress to strengthen the federal government and silence Republican opposition to their party Alien Acts - allowed the president to imprison aliens (immigrants), or send those he considered dangerous out of the country Sedition Act - made it illegal to speak, write, or publish "false, scandalous, & malicious" criticism of the government. States respond by passing the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions claiming that: the acts could not be put into action because they violated the Constitution Kentucky's resolution also suggested states might nullify federal laws they considered unconstitutional. This is one of the 1 st examples of the doctrine of state's rights.
Works Cited "Conflicts and Resolutions of 1797-1798." America's Early Years: America in a Changing World. Web. 24 Jan 2011.. "John Adams." Wikimedia Commons. Web. 24 Jan 2011.. "Response to the Alien & Sedition Acts." Just the Facts: Documents of Destiny: Growth of a New Nation. Web. 24 Jan 2011..
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