Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

James I belief in divine right of kings belief in divine right of kings King of Scotland; son of Mary Queen of Scots King of Scotland; son of Mary Queen.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "James I belief in divine right of kings belief in divine right of kings King of Scotland; son of Mary Queen of Scots King of Scotland; son of Mary Queen."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 James I belief in divine right of kings belief in divine right of kings King of Scotland; son of Mary Queen of Scots King of Scotland; son of Mary Queen of Scots Archbishop Laud tried to impose Catholic- style ritual; Puritans dismayed. Archbishop Laud tried to impose Catholic- style ritual; Puritans dismayed. King claimed no bishop, no king to Puritans demand to end bishop control. King claimed no bishop, no king to Puritans demand to end bishop control. Monarchy plagued by lack of revenue (expensive wars of Elizabeth I drained treasury--defeating the Armada was spendy) Monarchy plagued by lack of revenue (expensive wars of Elizabeth I drained treasury--defeating the Armada was spendy)

3 Charles I (1625-1649) sought to rule without Parliament and to control the Anglican Church sought to rule without Parliament and to control the Anglican Church

4 Petition of Right, 1628: Parliament attempt to bribe king (taxes) in return for accepting Parliaments rights Parliament attempt to bribe king (taxes) in return for accepting Parliaments rights to tax, to tax, habeas corpus, habeas corpus, no quartering, and no quartering, and no martial law in peacetime no martial law in peacetime

5 More Charles I Charles dissolved Parliament in 1629; Charles dissolved Parliament in 1629; did not reconvene until 1640 (Eleven Years of Tyranny) did not reconvene until 1640 (Eleven Years of Tyranny) Religious persecution most important reason for civil war: led by Archbishop Laud Religious persecution most important reason for civil war: led by Archbishop Laud

6 Long Parliament summoned in 1640 (after failure of 2-month Short Parliament) summoned in 1640 (after failure of 2-month Short Parliament) In return for granting taxation, Parliament made demands: In return for granting taxation, Parliament made demands: certain high leaders be tried: Laud eventually executed certain high leaders be tried: Laud eventually executed Star Chamber abolished Star Chamber abolished Parliament could not be dissolved w/o its consent Parliament could not be dissolved w/o its consent Called every three years Called every three years

7 The English Civil War (aka Puritan Revolution; Great Rebellion) – 1642-1649 The protagonists: The protagonists: In this corner, the champions: In this corner, the champions: Cavaliers: supported the king - ROYALIST LOYALISTS Cavaliers: supported the king - ROYALIST LOYALISTS In this corner the challengers: Roundheads, Puritans opposed king; Oliver Cromwell led New Model Army Roundheads, Puritans opposed king; Oliver Cromwell led New Model Army

8 FUN FACTS TO KNOW AND TELL Battle of Naseby: Final major battle of war; Scottish Army assisted Cromwell Battle of Naseby: Final major battle of war; Scottish Army assisted Cromwell Division resulted between Presbyterians in Parliament (majority) and soldiers who were independent. Division resulted between Presbyterians in Parliament (majority) and soldiers who were independent.

9 MORE FUN FACTS Rump Parliament: Prides Purge removed all non-Puritans and Presbyterians from Parliament Rump Parliament: Prides Purge removed all non-Puritans and Presbyterians from Parliament Charles I beheaded in 1649 Charles I beheaded in 1649 CROMWELL giggled??? CROMWELL giggled???

10 Interregnum: 1649-1660 Interregnum: 1649-1660 rule without king rule without king The Commonwealth (1649-1653): a republic – abolished monarch and House of Lords The Commonwealth (1649-1653): a republic – abolished monarch and House of Lords The Protectorate (1653-1659), Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector (Dictatorship) The Protectorate (1653-1659), Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector (Dictatorship)

11 The Restoration (1660-1688) The Restoration (1660-1688) Parliament in 1660 reelected according to old franchise: Anglicans back in power Parliament in 1660 reelected according to old franchise: Anglicans back in power Charles II The Merry Monarch (1660-1685) Charles II The Merry Monarch (1660-1685) Stuarts restored to the throne Stuarts restored to the throne Declaration of Breda: Charles agreed to abide by Parliaments demands Declaration of Breda: Charles agreed to abide by Parliaments demands

12 The Clarendon Code, 1661: Anglicans excluded Dissenters (Puritans) from politics. (and other non- Conformists) The Clarendon Code, 1661: Anglicans excluded Dissenters (Puritans) from politics. (and other non- Conformists) Declaration of Indulgence, 1672: Charles II granted free worship to non-conformist Protestants. Parliament thought it was a back-door Catholic move Declaration of Indulgence, 1672: Charles II granted free worship to non-conformist Protestants. Parliament thought it was a back-door Catholic move Test Act of 1673: all officeholders must take communion in Anglican Church Test Act of 1673: all officeholders must take communion in Anglican Church Was Anglican Parliament response to Declaration of Indulgence Was Anglican Parliament response to Declaration of Indulgence James II passes another Act of Indulgence. Religious tolerance for all. No mention of Anglican Church remaining state religion. One of the grievances against him in Glorious Rev. James II passes another Act of Indulgence. Religious tolerance for all. No mention of Anglican Church remaining state religion. One of the grievances against him in Glorious Rev. Habeas Corpus Act (1679): no arbitrary arrest and speedy trial Habeas Corpus Act (1679): no arbitrary arrest and speedy trial

13 The Restoration… Parliament was split and fragmented into two factions Parliament was split and fragmented into two factions Tories: kings supporters, nobles Tories: kings supporters, nobles Whigs: middle-class and merchants; also high aristocracy Whigs: middle-class and merchants; also high aristocracy Scotland gained its independence in 1660 as result of Restoration Scotland gained its independence in 1660 as result of Restoration Charles attempted to impose Anglicanism in Scotland; war resulted Charles attempted to impose Anglicanism in Scotland; war resulted James II (1685-1688): sought to Catholicize England; forced to abdicate James II (1685-1688): sought to Catholicize England; forced to abdicate

14 Glorious Revolution (1688) William III (William of Orange) and Mary: Protestantism secured in England William III (William of Orange) and Mary: Protestantism secured in England Act of Toleration: granted religious freedom (except to Catholics, Jews, and Unitarians) Act of Toleration: granted religious freedom (except to Catholics, Jews, and Unitarians) Bill of Rights (1689): constitutional monarchy Bill of Rights (1689): constitutional monarchy British Constitution: consisted of habeas corpus act, petition of right, and bill of rights British Constitution: consisted of habeas corpus act, petition of right, and bill of rights Act of Settlement (1701): only Anglican could succeed to the throne Act of Settlement (1701): only Anglican could succeed to the throne

15 LAST ONE… John Locke, Two Treatises on Government: philosophical argument for supremacy of Parliament. Not a democratic doc. John Locke, Two Treatises on Government: philosophical argument for supremacy of Parliament. Not a democratic doc.


Download ppt "James I belief in divine right of kings belief in divine right of kings King of Scotland; son of Mary Queen of Scots King of Scotland; son of Mary Queen."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google