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Materials for the 2020 Challenges: The view of industry 0 Materials for the 2020 Challenges European Parliament Brussels. July 10 2012 Carmelo Papa Executive.

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Presentation on theme: "Materials for the 2020 Challenges: The view of industry 0 Materials for the 2020 Challenges European Parliament Brussels. July 10 2012 Carmelo Papa Executive."— Presentation transcript:

1 Materials for the 2020 Challenges: The view of industry 0 Materials for the 2020 Challenges European Parliament Brussels. July Carmelo Papa Executive Vice President, Industrial and Multisegment General Manager STMicroelectronics

2 Outline 1 New materials can address societal challenges by: boosting performances of key enabling technologies introducing entirely new functions in systems and changing manufacturing flow Examples of new materials in semiconductor industry: SiC and GaN for the new wave of power electronics Polymers and flexible electronics for healthcare Keep looking at advanced materials: e.g. graphene Bridging the gap between material science and market

3 From Materials to devices to systems… ….and viceversa: problems from applications leading to applied and fundamental R&D Fundamental Material studies Early device prototypes Device engineering and industrialisation Applications A long path from materials to applications electric/hybrid car

4 3 Societal challenges calling for better power actuators: energy efficiency and… 126$ Oil price increase > 85% of produced energy presently derived from hydrocarbons Kyoto protocol on reducing greenhouse gas emissions

5 ….people concentration in megacities

6 5 Healthcare spending is growing fast : currently 15% of GDP for USA, 8% of GDP for Europe Global Healthcare spending is more than 5 Trillion Dollars per year This spending trend is unsustainable for the future economy To counter this trends, the Healthcare industry must change A move towards Personal Home Diagnostic Societal Challenges in Healthcare Sensors around the body

7 Moores Law and More than Moore Emerging Applications require Smart Integration : Moores Law and More than Moore More than Moore : Diversification Moores Law : Miniaturization SoC and SiP mix for Higher Value Systems Baseline CMOS : CPU, Memory, Logic Biochips Sensors Actuators HV Power Analog/RFPassives 130nm 90nm 65nm 45nm 32nm 22nm... V 130nm 90nm 65nm 45nm 32nm 22nm... V Information Processing Interacting with people and environment Beyond CMOS: Quantum Computing, Molecular Electronics Spintronics Moore approach: integrate more transistors in a chip Moore approach: integrate more transistors in a chip More than Moore: integrate functions in a Smart System More than Moore: integrate functions in a Smart System Innovation in More than Moore comes in disruptive steps Innovation in More than Moore comes in disruptive steps 6

8 7 From Si Power Devices……. The most recent Si MOSFET at ST Microelectronics 60 um Si wafer processing for advanced IGBTs devices

9 ….to SiC and GaN power devices 8 Source: Yole Développement, Better power density Lower losses Higher operation temperature Higher operation frequency

10 2015 SiC and GaN power device TAM: $0.5B 9 SiC and GaN power devices Source: Yole Développement, STMicroelectronics GaN Program 650V / 15A HEMT 650V / 200A HEMT GaN Transistor vs. 650 V IGBT 40% Power Saving SiC Program 1200 V MOSFET (Q4 2012) SiC MOSFET vs V IGBT 64% die size reduction Much higher switching frequency

11 SiC and GaN in Renewable Energy Source: iSuppli Standard Inverter Smart Junction Box Power Optimizer Microinverter PV Inverter System 2014 TAM: $8.8B, CAGR : 11% 23 Mu, CAGR : 63% PV Inverter System 2014 TAM: $8.8B, CAGR : 11% 23 Mu, CAGR : 63% High efficiency full solar system DC-DC conversio n and MPPT DC-AC conversio n and MPPT Moving electronics into the Panel for Enhanced Photovoltaic Rectifiers (SiC, Schottky, Ultrafast) Rectifiers (SiC, Schottky, Ultrafast) Power Switches (MOSFET, IGBT) Power Switches (MOSFET, IGBT) Protections (ESD, EOS) Protections (ESD, EOS) Control Unit Control Unit PLM, ZigBee Transceiver Metrology ICs Gate Drivers Power Modules Auxiliary Power Supply SCRs Enabling lower losses and higher currents 10

12 SiC and GaN in Hybrid & Electric Vehicles Source: Yole Développement, STMicroelectronics HEV / EV 2014 Semiconductor TAM: $1.9B CAGR : 28% HEV / EV 2014 Semiconductor TAM: $1.9B CAGR : 28% PHEV: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Rectifiers Power Switches (MOSFET, IGBT) Power Switches (MOSFET, IGBT) Protections Control Unit Control Unit RF Transceiver RF Transceiver Gate Drivers Auxiliary Power Supply Power Modules PLM Transceiver Smart Power Electronics for a dramatic reduction of C0 2 emission 11

13 Smart Systems are everywhere and require the introduction of a wealth of new materials 12

14 Healthcare & Fitness Automotive & Transportation Ambient Intelligence Wearable Electronics Gaming & Leisure Portable Consumer Flexible Conformable Self Powered Autonomous Wireless Dislocation Cost Effective Disposable Light Portable Human Interface Security & Safety 13 Flexible Electronics: a new material for Smart Systems

15 ...adding material knowledge for Flexible & Disposable Electronics Bio-materials Metal/Non ferrose (Al, Ti, Cu, Ag, Tg, Au, Ni) Polimers ( Non Metal/Organics/Thermoplastic) Polimmide PVC COP PET PEN Ceramics ( Non Metal / Inorganics) Advantages tenacity low specific weight workability Disadvantages low mechanic resistance degradation over time deformation over time Polymers Advantages mechanical characteristics higher resistance to the use ductility Disadvantages Low biocompatibility Rigidity High specific height Corrosion in physiological environment Metals Advantages Good biocompatibility Chemical inert High resistance to compression Resistance to corrosion Disadvantages Low resistance to traction High specific weight Fragility Low workability Ceramics

16 The project challenge is the development of interconnection technologies for autonomous, flexible and smart system: Interconnection technologies between flexible components and flexible foils as well as between functional foils. Three dimensional functional foil integration to achieve multi-foil based systems, i.e. system-in-foil. The project challenge is the development of interconnection technologies for autonomous, flexible and smart system: Interconnection technologies between flexible components and flexible foils as well as between functional foils. Three dimensional functional foil integration to achieve multi-foil based systems, i.e. system-in-foil. Technical Demonstrator Energy autonomous indoor air quality sensing system capable of wireless communication of the measured data. Increasing complexity by multi-foil 3D integration on flexible substrates 15

17 Flexible Electronics at STMicroelectronics Application fields: Printed sensors / Flexible ICs Multifunctional systems on foil Smart disposables for healthcare and ambient intelligence Technologies: From litho-based on wafer carriers … to printed electronics carrier-less To Hybrid system integration (e.g. multi-foil) Wireless Strain Gauge Modules for pressure and temperature Sensors around the body Examples: Sensors on plastic: strain/pressure, temperature, gas and biosensors Smart objects with RF harvesting and wireless communication Transparent and Flexible electronics, incl. printed organics and oxides Implantable sensors for glucose monitoring Hybrid Si-Plastic micro-fluidic modules 16

18 Application: Contact Lens for non-invasive early diagnosis and personalized treatment of Glaucoma (customer: SENSIMED AG) ST Sensor is a strain gauge & antenna embedded in a silicone contact lens The Sensor is capable of measuring cornea deformations due to Intra-Ocular-Pressure (IOP) variations The IOP Sensor is a wireless sensor that acts as a transducer, antenna and mechanical support for additional read-out electronics Example:Contact Lens for Early Diagnosis of Glaucoma The complete (Smart) System commercialized by SENSIMED includes: - Contact Lens - External antenna & data-cable - Recorder - Software ST Wafer containing contact lens sensor Sensor & antenna embedded in a silicone contact lens Telemetric chip Contact lens sensor Into the patients eye Intra-Ocular Pressure Disposable Sensor 17 Press release March 24, 2010: ST to develop and supply wireless sensor for Sensimeds Continuous Eye Pressure Monitor

19 Example:Diabetes Management with implantable biosensors Application: Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) Working Reference Counter Source: As of 2010 about 285 million people around the world, are affected by Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus disease. Complications arising from diabetes can be both Acute and long term and include hypoglycemia, Ketoacidosis, coma, renal failure, amputations, neuropathy, and retinal damage. In the last decade Glucose sensing technology became the major research focus in diabetes management area, and 80% of biosensor market are the glucose sensors. As of 2010 about 285 million people around the world, are affected by Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus disease. Complications arising from diabetes can be both Acute and long term and include hypoglycemia, Ketoacidosis, coma, renal failure, amputations, neuropathy, and retinal damage. In the last decade Glucose sensing technology became the major research focus in diabetes management area, and 80% of biosensor market are the glucose sensors. Over the next 10 years the cost of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke will take a tremendous toll on the national incomes of developing world countries. According to WHO, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke together will cost about $555.7 billion in lost national income in China, $303.2 billion in the Russian Fed.; $336.6 billion in India; and $49.2 billion in Brazil. Over the next 10 years the cost of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke will take a tremendous toll on the national incomes of developing world countries. According to WHO, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke together will cost about $555.7 billion in lost national income in China, $303.2 billion in the Russian Fed.; $336.6 billion in India; and $49.2 billion in Brazil. 18

20 Example: Biosensors for healthcare & fitness Amperometric sensors: from Glucose to Lactate monitoring Lactate levels are related to the anaerobic metabolism associated with muscle contraction: 0.6 ~ 2 millimoles in resting up to 20 or 30 mM during activity Athletes have to stop physical activity when they reach their lactate threshold. Aim: to avoid metabolic disorders and injured tissues during sport activities. Monitoring of several pathologic conditions, such as the case of patients with cardiac disease and diabetes. Multisensing of biological functions Biological chemical sensors associated with other physical and mechanical sensors, such as ECG, accelerometers, gyroscopes, temperature, pressure, light, etc.… It requires dedicated electronics able to acquire the signals from sensor, process them and transmit to a portable remote unit 19

21 From Healthcare to Ambient Intelligence Multifunctional systems embedded in everyday objects: a) Wireless sensor networks Network of sensors embedded with low-cost electronics with RF & analog processing capability Opportunities: Multi-sensors integration at each sensor node Low power (either with battery or battery-less, where possible) b) Smart objects in packaging & textile High volume (existing market for RFID) Opportunities: Electronics on plastics, paper, textile Gas and chemical sensors in smart objects Flexible & streatchable electronics associated with other functions and technology drivers: e.g. displays, energy harvesting, ULP radios

22 Thinnest material sheet imaginable…yet the strongest! (5 times stronger than steel and much lighter!) Graphene is a semimetal: it conducts as good (in fact better!) than the best metals, yet its electrical properties can be modulated (it can be switched ON and OFF) Very high current densities (~4-8 mA/m, equivalent to 10 9 A/cm 2 ) Superb heat conductor (>x40 than Si) Record electron and hole mobilities (>×100 than Si) Graphene has the potential to revolutionize numerous fields: Electronics, materials science, chemistry, bio-sensors… Applications: new devices due to ambipolar transport, excellent electrostatic confinement, integration with Si and with flexible/transparent substrates Keep watching new materials, e.g. graphene

23 22 Market Technological development Pilot deployment Pilot line European « three pillars bridge » to pass across the « valley of death » Knowledge The valley of death Technological research Product development Competitive manufacturing Globally competitive manufacturing facilities


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