Presentation on theme: "England’s Attempts to Control the Colonies"— Presentation transcript:
1 England’s Attempts to Control the Colonies Colonial Reactions
2 ReviewProclamation of 1763-To keep the peace between the Native Americans and the Colonists, the British did not allow the Colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains-Colonists ignored this and settled anyways.Sugar Act-set duties (taxes) on molasses and sugar imported by the colonists (first act passed specifically to raise money in the colonies)
3 Review continued “No taxation without Representation” -Parliament should not be able to take money from the colonists without having a say in the governmentCommittees of Correspondence-groups that would go town to town sharing ideas and information about British laws and ways to challenge them
4 Review ContinuedStamp Act-pay and official stamp (seal) on all paper products-this is the first attempt by the British to tax the colonists directlyProtesting began
5 Sons of Liberty Colonist’s formed secret societies Samuel Adams helped to form this group in BostonSometimes used violence to frighten tax collectors
6 Declaratory ActsThrough the Stamp Act Congress and the boycotting of British goods by the Colonists, the Stamp Act was repealedDeclaratory Act-Parliament has the power to make laws for the colonies “in all cases whatsoever”-This was a reaction to the challenge of authority by the colonists through the Stamp Act
7 CelebrationColonists were very excited about the repeal of the Stamp Act, and thanked King George-promising loyaltySpeaking too soon…..there were several other things the colonists and Parliament did not see on to eye about.
8 Townshend ActsTownshend Acts-duties placed on imported glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea.Money was said to pay for military costs and the salaries of the colonial governors.-In violation of no standing army during times of peace without the colonists consentWrits of Assistance-forms that allowed tax collectors to search for smuggled goods.-Colonists believed this was a violation of their rights
9 Responses of the Colonists In response to the Townshend Acts, colonists boycotted British goods.Daughters of Liberty-Women who supported the boycotting of British goods.Colonial Legislatures banded together in protest of the British taxes.
10 Things Get Heated!!!England sent troops to the colonies to restore order after they confiscated a ship, accusing them of smuggling goodsBoston Massacre- British soldier got into a fight with a colonists-colonists threw snowballs, shouted insults, crowd grew bigger-SOLDIER Fired into the crowd-killed several colonists.
11 Tea ActTo ease the tension after the Boston Massacre, Parliament repeals most of the Townshend Act-tax on tea remains.British East India Tea Company sold directly to the colonies for low priceColonial merchants of tea and smugglers felt this would put them out of businessMONOPOLY-gain complete control
12 Response to Tea ActShips carrying British tea arrived in Boston Harbor-Sons of Liberty demanded they leave.Colonists dressed as Native Americans snuck on the ship during the night-dumped 342 tea chests into the harbor-Boston Tea Party
13 Response to the Tea Party Intolerable Acts-1. Boston Harbor- closed until all tea is paid for2. Massachusetts Charter canceled3. Royal officials accused of crimes were sent back to England to await trial4. Quartering Act-forced colonists to house and supply British soldiers