Presentation on theme: "New Taxes and Tensions What series of events led to the arrival of British troops in Boston in 1768? *Townshend Acts *Boycott *Crackdown on smugglers *Disbanding."— Presentation transcript:
1 New Taxes and TensionsWhat series of events led to the arrival of British troops in Boston in 1768?*Townshend Acts*Boycott*Crackdown on smugglers*Disbanding the Massachusetts legislature
2 Townshend Acts(1767) Laws passed by Parliament placing duties on certain items imported by the colonists. Duties on imported glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea. The money from these duties paid for military costs and the salaries of colonial governors.
3 writs of assistanceSpecial search warrants that allowed tax collectors to search for smuggled goods.
4 Daughters of LibertyWomen’s groups that used boycotts and other measures to support the colonies’ resistance to the British.
5 Boston Massacre(1770) Incident in which British soldiers fired into a crowd of angry colonists, killing five people.
6 propagandaStories and images designed to support a particular point of view.
7 How did Samuel Adams and John Adams differ in their response to the Boston Massacre? Samuel used it as propaganda against the British.John defended the soldiers accused of murdering innocent civilians.
8 Tea Act(1773) Law passed by Parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies, undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party.
9 Why did colonists oppose the Tea Act? Merchants feared the act would put them out of business.Others feared a monopoly for the East India Company would lead to other monopolies that would threaten colonial businesses in the future.
10 Boston Tea Party(1773) Protest against the Tea Act in which a group of colonists boarded British tea ships and dumped some 340 chests of tea into Boston Harbor.
11 The Intolerable Acts *Coercive Acts* Britain passed the Coercive Acts, which colonists called the Intolerable Acts. The acts had several effects. 1.Boston Harbor was closed until Boston paid for the lost tea. 2.The Massachusetts charter was canceled. The governor decided if and when the legislature could meet. 3.Royal officials accused of crimes were sent to Britain for trial. This let them face a more friendly judge and jury. 4.The Quartering Act forced colonists to quarter, or house and supply, British soldiers. 5. General Thomas Gage became the new governor of Massachusetts.
13 What were the major effects of the Intolerable Acts, and what methods did colonists use to protest them?Colonists supported new boycotts.Some colonists wrote essays and poems critical of the British government's actions. Mercy Otis Warren wrote plays such as The Group and The Blockheads. In The Group, Warren gave British supporters names such as Hum Humbug to make them look foolish.