Presentation on theme: "6.4 New Taxes and Tensions Goals:"— Presentation transcript:
1 6.4 New Taxes and Tensions Goals: How did colonists respond to the Townshend Acts?Why were the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party significant events?What was the purpose of the Intolerable Acts?
2 Townshend Acts – June 1767Placed taxes on glass, lead, paint, paper and tea.Paid for military costs & salaries for the governors.Writs of Assistance – Used to enforce the Townshend ActsAllowed tax collectors to search for smuggled goods.Colonists hated new laws- they violated their constitutional rights.
3 Tax collectors seized the ship Liberty on suspicion of smuggling. Sons of Liberty attacked custom officials’ houses in response.Oct. 1768British soldiers arrivedin Boston to restore order.British Governor brokeup the Massachusettslegislature.
4 The Boston MassacreShouting insults and throwing things common between colonists & soldiers.March 5, 1770 – tensions exploded.Soldiers fired into an angry mob, killing 5 colonists.Event was used as propaganda – only one side of the story was told.2 of the 6 soldiers found guilty & branded.
5 A Tax on TeaParliament repealed most of the Townshend Acts- except the tax on tea.British East India Co. asked to sell tea directly to the colonies- to keep prices low and still profit.Tea Act 1773Colonists worried this Co. would have a monopoly – they were against it.Sons of Liberty demanded the tea ships leave the harbor.
6 Boston Tea PartyColonists dressed as American Indians and threw all the ships’ tea chests into the Boston Harbor.
7 The Intolerable Acts Causes— Purpose— Continued protests by the colonistsBoston Tea PartyPurpose—To force the colonists to submit to British authority.Prevent any further protests.
8 Results— Closed Boston Harbor Massachusetts charter was cancelled Royal officials allowed to be tried in BritainQuartering Act – forced colonists to quarter, or house and supply, British soldiers.General Thomas Gage became governor of Massachusetts.