UNIONCONFEDERACY Favored Tariffs Against Slavery Federalists Tariffs unfair Favored Slavery States Rights Sectionalism
UNIONCONFEDERACY Abraham Lincoln Jefferson Davis
Quotes from Abraham Lincoln Without slavery, the rebellion could never have existed. Without slavery, it could not continue." "Although volume upon volume is written to prove slavery a very good thing, we never hear of the man who wishes to take the good of it, by being a slave himself."
Quotes from Jefferson Davis If the Confederacy falls, there should be written on its tombstone: Died of a Theory. "The time for compromise has now passed, and the South is determined to maintain her position, and make all who oppose her smell Southern powder and feel Southern steel." --Jefferson Davis, from his inaugural speech on February 16, 1861
Ulysses S. Grant Quotes I know only two tunes: one of them is "Yankee Doodle," and the other isn't. " I know no method to secure the repeal of bad or obnoxious laws so effective as their stringent execution." March 4, 1869, Grant's First Inaugural Address
Robert E. Lee Quotes [W]e made a great mistake in the beginning of our struggle, and I fear, in spite of all we can do, it will prove to be a fatal mistake. We appointed all our worst generals to command our armies, and all our best generals to edit the newspapers. It is well that war is so terrible -- lest we should grow too fond of it.
Confederate Texans John Bell Hood BG of the Confederate States of America Commanded a fierce fighting unit.
Confederate Texans John Reagan Democrat who resigned from the US House of Representatives Joined Jefferson Davis's cabinet as Postmaster General
Confederate Texans Francis Lubbock Confederate Governor of Texas Joined the Army as a Lieutenant Colone Present at Jefferson Davis' capture
Confederate Texans Thomas Green Commander of the 5 th Volunteer Cavalry at the Battle of Galveston
Confederate Texans John Magruder Prince John Led recapture of Galveston impeding a Union Naval blockade.
Sabine Pass September 24-25, 1862 Trying to block the Texas coast Union victory
Galveston October 4, 1862 Union blockade Confederate fired on union ships Truce Union victory
Galveston January 1, 1863 Confederates stop union blockade Union soldiers surrendered Confederates capture 1 Union vessel Confederate victory
Sabine Pass II September 8, 1863 Union entered Sabine River Confederate troops /4 cannons Captured 350 soliders, 2 ships Confederate victory
Political Effects of the Civil War Support for democratic party Texas joins the Confederate States of America Constitution of 1861 Opposed to policies of Lincoln and Republicans 13 th Amendment – abolishes slavery 14 th Amendment – grants citizenship to African Americans 15 th Amendment – grants the right to vote for African Americans
Economic Effects of the Civil War Transportation disrupted Shortages of commodities, such as coffee, medicine, clothing, salt and paper
Social Effects of the Civil War Thousands of Texans join the Confederate Army Conscription Act required all men between the ages of 18-35 to serve in the armed forces Greater responsibilities for women and children during the Civil War Loss of family members
ABRAHAM LINCOLN Restore Union ASAP Malice toward none Charity to all Confederates still in union Rights of States ASSASSINATION
Andrew Johnson Provisional Governments Army Protection until readmitted Conditions for readmission Voting requirements Requirements met Prohibit Slavery Nullify Secession Oath of Allegiance to US Pardon the rich New Constitution
13 th Amendment – Abolished slavery 14 th Amendment – Citizenship to former slaves 15 th Amendment - Right to vote for African Americans
Education is the Key – 1 st public school for African-Americans Legal assistance for African- Americans Many whites thought the bureau was a waste of money Helped them settle into new lives
Juneteenth June 19th Celebrating the abolition of slavery
Confederates elected to offices Refused to ratify or amend constitution Rejected 13 th & 14 th amendments Black Codes Considered treason Cant vote Cant testify against whites Cant be on a jury Certain jobs Forced to work on plantations
Carpet baggers Scalawags Southerners who supported reconstruction
Political Effects of Reconstruction Presidential Reconstruction – President Andrew Johnson's plan – prohibit slavery & cancel ordinance of secession Congressional Reconstruction – Radical Republicans – Ends 100 years of democratic party rule in Texas, 13 th, 14 th, 15 th Amendments, Constitutions of 1866 & 1869
Economic Effects of Reconstruction Shortage of free labor Growth of tenant farming and sharecropping Texas did not suffer as much destruction as other southern states
Social Effects of Reconstruction Juneteenth (June 19 th ) celebration of the Emancipation Proclamation by freed slaves. Freedman's Bureau established Jim Crow Laws and KKK became features of southern segregation
1. What is secession? 2. What were the Confederate States of America? 3. Name 2 issues that led to the Civil War.
4. Who was the president of the United States during the Civil War? 5. Who was the president of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War? 6. Who was the Commanding General of the Union Army?
1. Who was the commanding general of the Confederate Army? 1. Which battle was not trying to stop the Union blockade of the Texas Coast? 1. Why was the battle at Palmito Ranch fought after the war was over?
10. What was Reconstruction? 1. How many plans for Reconstruction were there? 1. What is the 13 th Amendment? 2. What is the 14 th Amendment? 3. What is the 15 th Amendment?
1. What was the Freedmans Bureau? 1. What is Juneteenth? 1. What is a carpetbagger or a scalawag? 1. What were the Black Codes?
1. Do you think Texas should have seceded and joined the Confederacy? 1. Who won the Civil War? 2. Name one political effect of the Civil War. 3. Name one economic effect of the Civil War. 4. Name one social effect of the Civil War
The Last Questions 24. Name one political effect of the Civil War. 25. Name one economic effect of the Civil War. 26. Name one social effect of the Civil War.