Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 13 RECONSTRUCTION AND THE NEW SOUTH Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction Section 2: Congressional.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 13 RECONSTRUCTION AND THE NEW SOUTH Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction Section 2: Congressional."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 13 RECONSTRUCTION AND THE NEW SOUTH Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction Section 3: Reconstruction in the South Section 4: The New South

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 2 Objectives: What hopes and expectations did African Americans in the South have for their lives as freedpeople? What hopes and expectations did African Americans in the South have for their lives as freedpeople? How did President Lincoln and Congress differ over plans for Reconstruction? How did President Lincoln and Congress differ over plans for Reconstruction? How did President Johnson’s programs benefit former Confederates? How did President Johnson’s programs benefit former Confederates? How did the Black Codes affect freedpeople? How did the Black Codes affect freedpeople? Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 3 African Americans wished to establish churches and schools wished to establish churches and schools hoped to legalize marriages hoped to legalize marriages hoped to find family members who had been sold away hoped to find family members who had been sold away desired ownership of land desired ownership of land expected basic human rights expected basic human rights Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 4 Lincoln wanted to abolish slavery wanted to abolish slavery wanted to give amnesty to most southerners wanted to give amnesty to most southerners wished to allow rebel states to rejoin the Union when ten percent of residents who had voted in 1860 pledged loyalty to the Union wished to allow rebel states to rejoin the Union when ten percent of residents who had voted in 1860 pledged loyalty to the Union Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 5 Congress wanted to abolish slavery wanted to abolish slavery wanted to delay Reconstruction until a majority of each state’s white males took a loyalty oath wanted to delay Reconstruction until a majority of each state’s white males took a loyalty oath Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 6 President Johnson’s programs gave blanket pardons for most rebels gave blanket pardons for most rebels gave easy terms for readmission into the Union: states had to nullify their acts of secession, abolish slavery, and refuse to pay war debts gave easy terms for readmission into the Union: states had to nullify their acts of secession, abolish slavery, and refuse to pay war debts Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 7 The Black Codes tried to deprive freedpeople of equality tried to deprive freedpeople of equality re-established white control over African American labor re-established white control over African American labor Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 8 Objectives: What issues divided Republicans during the early Reconstruction era? What issues divided Republicans during the early Reconstruction era? Why did moderates and Radical Republicans join forces, and what actions did they take on behalf of African Americans? Why did moderates and Radical Republicans join forces, and what actions did they take on behalf of African Americans? Why was President Johnson impeached, and why did the Senate not remove him from office? Why was President Johnson impeached, and why did the Senate not remove him from office? Why were African Americans crucial to the election of 1868, and how did Republicans respond to their support? Why were African Americans crucial to the election of 1868, and how did Republicans respond to their support? Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 9 Radical Republicans wanted to create an entirely new South wanted to create an entirely new South wanted to give African Americans the right to vote wanted to give African Americans the right to vote Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 10 Moderate Republicans wanted to restore southern states to the Union wanted to restore southern states to the Union wanted to keep former Confederates out of government wanted to keep former Confederates out of government wanted to give African Americans some civil equality wanted to give African Americans some civil equality Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 11 Radical and moderate Republicans joined forces to protect African Americans from violence joined forces to protect African Americans from violence passed Civil Rights Act of 1866, over presidential veto passed Civil Rights Act of 1866, over presidential veto extended the Freedmen’s Bureau, over presidential veto extended the Freedmen’s Bureau, over presidential veto passed the Fourteenth Amendment passed the Fourteenth Amendment Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 12 Johnson’s impeachment general dislike of Johnson’s lenient Reconstruction policies general dislike of Johnson’s lenient Reconstruction policies Johnson’s violation of the Tenure of Office Act Johnson’s violation of the Tenure of Office Act inappropriate speeches and acts inappropriate speeches and acts Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 13 Johnson’s acquittal weak case weak case overly critical attacks overly critical attacks fear that impeachment would weaken future presidents and the system of checks and balances fear that impeachment would weaken future presidents and the system of checks and balances Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 14 Election of 1868 African American votes were crucial to getting Ulysses S. Grant elected president. African American votes were crucial to getting Ulysses S. Grant elected president. Republicans passed the Fifteenth Amendment, extending the vote to African American men. Republicans passed the Fifteenth Amendment, extending the vote to African American men. Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 15 Objectives: How did African Americans attempt to improve their lives during the Reconstruction era? How did African Americans attempt to improve their lives during the Reconstruction era? What reforms did Republican governments enact? What reforms did Republican governments enact? How did some African Americans respond to harassment by the Ku Klux Klan? How did some African Americans respond to harassment by the Ku Klux Klan? What caused Reconstruction to end? What caused Reconstruction to end? Section 3: Reconstruction in the South

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 16 African Americans improving their lives registered to vote registered to vote joined and formed political organizations joined and formed political organizations lobbied for political equality lobbied for political equality built churches and schools built churches and schools served as delegates to state constitutional conventions served as delegates to state constitutional conventions Section 3: Reconstruction in the South

17 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 17 Republican government reforms creation of new state constitutions creation of new state constitutions abolition of property qualifications for jurors and candidates abolition of property qualifications for jurors and candidates creation of new services creation of new services establishment of new roads and bridges establishment of new roads and bridges Section 3: Reconstruction in the South

18 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 18 Responses to Ku Klux Klan retaliation by burning barns retaliation by burning barns lobbying for congressional protection lobbying for congressional protection Section 3: Reconstruction in the South

19 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 19 End of Reconstruction economic problems such as the Panic of 1873 economic problems such as the Panic of 1873 immigrant tendency to use universal suffrage to support Democrats immigrant tendency to use universal suffrage to support Democrats dissolution of alliance between northern business people and freed slaves dissolution of alliance between northern business people and freed slaves increasing white violence in the South increasing white violence in the South Compromise of 1877 Compromise of 1877 Section 3: Reconstruction in the South

20 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 20 Objectives: What were the drawbacks to the sharecropping system? What were the drawbacks to the sharecropping system? How did Jim Crow laws and the Plessy v. Ferguson decision change life for southern African Americans? How did Jim Crow laws and the Plessy v. Ferguson decision change life for southern African Americans? How did African Americans attempt to improve their economic situation after Reconstruction? How did African Americans attempt to improve their economic situation after Reconstruction? How did Booker T. Washington and Ida B. Wells think African Americans should respond to Jim Crow laws? How did Booker T. Washington and Ida B. Wells think African Americans should respond to Jim Crow laws? Section 4: The New South

21 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 21 The sharecropping system Sharecroppers had no income until harvest time. Sharecroppers had no income until harvest time. System required farmers to rely on one crop only. System required farmers to rely on one crop only. System left farmers and the region dependent on outsiders for their food supply. System left farmers and the region dependent on outsiders for their food supply. Section 4: The New South

22 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 22 Jim Crow and Plessy v. Ferguson The Jim Crow laws segregated African Americans, and in Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court ruled that segregation was legal. Section 4: The New South

23 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 23 African American attempts to improve their lives formed societies and cooperatives formed societies and cooperatives supported churches and schools supported churches and schools supported businessmen supported businessmen Section 4: The New South

24 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 24 Booker T. Washington wanted African Americans to achieve economic independence wanted African Americans to achieve economic independence discouraged African Americans from protesting discrimination discouraged African Americans from protesting discrimination Section 4: The New South

25 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 25 Ida B. Wells urged African Americans to protest discrimination urged African Americans to protest discrimination wanted African Americans to leave the South wanted African Americans to leave the South Section 4: The New South


Download ppt "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 13 RECONSTRUCTION AND THE NEW SOUTH Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction Section 2: Congressional."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google