Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13 RECONSTRUCTION AND THE NEW SOUTH"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 13 RECONSTRUCTION AND THE NEW SOUTH The American Nation4/5/2017Chapter 13 RECONSTRUCTION AND THE NEW SOUTHSection 1: Presidential ReconstructionSection 2: Congressional ReconstructionSection 3: Reconstruction in the SouthSection 4: The New SouthCHAPTER 13--Reconstruction and the New South
2Objectives: Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction What hopes and expectations did African Americans in the South have for their lives as freedpeople?How did President Lincoln and Congress differ over plans for Reconstruction?How did President Johnson’s programs benefit former Confederates?How did the Black Codes affect freedpeople?
3African Americans Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction wished to establish churches and schoolshoped to legalize marriageshoped to find family members who had been sold awaydesired ownership of landexpected basic human rights
4Lincoln Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction wanted to abolish slaverywanted to give amnesty to most southernerswished to allow rebel states to rejoin the Union when ten percent of residents who had voted in 1860 pledged loyalty to the Union
5Congress Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction wanted to abolish slaverywanted to delay Reconstruction until a majority of each state’s white males took a loyalty oath
6President Johnson’s programs Section 1: Presidential ReconstructionPresident Johnson’s programsgave blanket pardons for most rebelsgave easy terms for readmission into the Union: states had to nullify their acts of secession, abolish slavery, and refuse to pay war debts
7The Black Codes Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction tried to deprive freedpeople of equalityre-established white control over African American labor
8Objectives: Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction What issues divided Republicans during the early Reconstruction era?Why did moderates and Radical Republicans join forces, and what actions did they take on behalf of African Americans?Why was President Johnson impeached, and why did the Senate not remove him from office?Why were African Americans crucial to the election of 1868, and how did Republicans respond to their support?
9Radical Republicans Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction wanted to create an entirely new Southwanted to give African Americans the right to vote
10Moderate Republicans Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction wanted to restore southern states to the Unionwanted to keep former Confederates out of governmentwanted to give African Americans some civil equality
11Radical and moderate Republicans Section 2: Congressional ReconstructionRadical and moderate Republicansjoined forces to protect African Americans from violencepassed Civil Rights Act of 1866, over presidential vetoextended the Freedmen’s Bureau, over presidential vetopassed the Fourteenth Amendment
12Johnson’s impeachment Section 2: Congressional ReconstructionJohnson’s impeachmentgeneral dislike of Johnson’s lenient Reconstruction policiesJohnson’s violation of the Tenure of Office Actinappropriate speeches and acts
13Johnson’s acquittal Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction weak case overly critical attacksfear that impeachment would weaken future presidents and the system of checks and balances
14Election of 1868 Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction African American votes were crucial to getting Ulysses S. Grant elected president.Republicans passed the Fifteenth Amendment, extending the vote to African American men.
15Objectives: Section 3: Reconstruction in the South How did African Americans attempt to improve their lives during the Reconstruction era?What reforms did Republican governments enact?How did some African Americans respond to harassment by the Ku Klux Klan?What caused Reconstruction to end?
16African Americans improving their lives Section 3: Reconstruction in the SouthAfrican Americans improving their livesregistered to votejoined and formed political organizationslobbied for political equalitybuilt churches and schoolsserved as delegates to state constitutional conventions
17Republican government reforms Section 3: Reconstruction in the SouthRepublican government reformscreation of new state constitutionsabolition of property qualifications for jurors and candidatescreation of new servicesestablishment of new roads and bridges
18Responses to Ku Klux Klan Section 3: Reconstruction in the SouthResponses to Ku Klux Klanretaliation by burning barnslobbying for congressional protection
19End of Reconstruction Section 3: Reconstruction in the South economic problems such as the Panic of 1873immigrant tendency to use universal suffrage to support Democratsdissolution of alliance between northern business people and freed slavesincreasing white violence in the SouthCompromise of 1877
20Objectives: Section 4: The New South What were the drawbacks to the sharecropping system?How did Jim Crow laws and the Plessy v. Ferguson decision change life for southern African Americans?How did African Americans attempt to improve their economic situation after Reconstruction?How did Booker T. Washington and Ida B. Wells think African Americans should respond to Jim Crow laws?
21The sharecropping system Section 4: The New SouthThe sharecropping systemSharecroppers had no income until harvest time.System required farmers to rely on one crop only.System left farmers and the region dependent on outsiders for their food supply.
22Jim Crow and Plessy v. Ferguson Section 4: The New SouthJim Crow and Plessy v. FergusonThe Jim Crow laws segregated African Americans, and in Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court ruled that segregation was legal.
23African American attempts to improve their lives Section 4: The New SouthAfrican American attempts to improve their livesformed societies and cooperativessupported churches and schoolssupported businessmen
24Booker T. Washington Section 4: The New South wanted African Americans to achieve economic independencediscouraged African Americans from protesting discrimination
25Ida B. Wells Section 4: The New South urged African Americans to protest discriminationwanted African Americans to leave the South