Presentation on theme: "Texas History Chapter 16: Reconstruction"— Presentation transcript:
1Texas History Chapter 16: Reconstruction The South rebuilds after the Civil War
2RECONSTRUCTIONThe time period of reestablishing governments in the South after the Civil War.
3Radical RepublicansMembers of Congress who set strict standards for admitting Southern states back into the Union
4Emancipation Proclamation In 1862, President Lincoln freed all slaves held in the Confederacy. The Emancipation Proclamation led to the 13th and 14th amendments to the Constitution.
5New Amendments 13th Amendment: abolished slavery 14th Amendment: Granted citizenship to former slaves15th Amendment: Guaranteed African American men the right to vote
6General Orders, No. 3“The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free.“ -Gen. Granger, June 19, 1865
7Problems during Reconstruction To be readmitted to the U.S., southern states:Had to prohibit slaveryCancel ordinance of secessionCitizens needed to take oath of allegianceFormer Confederate leaders had to get special pardon from the President
8Problems during Reconstruction Freedman’s Bureau helped former slaves:Find jobsFind shelter, food, clothingGet education. Formed public schools so African American children could get skills needed for economic independence
9Problems During Reconstruction Black Codes limited the rights of African Americans. African Americans were not allowed to vote, could not serve on juries, and could only hold jobs in agriculture.
10Reconstruction Leaders in Texas Philip Sheridan, military commander of TX and LAElisha Pease, 1867 gov. of TX
11Reconstruction Governors in Texas (1874) Governor Richard Coke, from Waco, had a political platform that appealed to all but NOT to freedmen.(1870) Governor Davis did NOT establish the Freedmen’s Bureau
12Reconstruction Leaders U.S. President Andrew Johnson was impeached during Reconstruction.
13CarpetbaggersNortherners who came to the South during Reconstruction
14ScalawagsSouthern whites who supported Reconstruction were called “scalawags”.
15Ironclad OathBefore a Southerners could vote, they had to take the Ironclad Oath.
16Texas Constitution of 1866Many of the delegates who wrote the new Texas Constitution were actually supporters of the Confederacy.