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Civil War Battles. President of the United States of America Abraham Lincoln President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis.

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Presentation on theme: "Civil War Battles. President of the United States of America Abraham Lincoln President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis."— Presentation transcript:

1 Civil War Battles

2 President of the United States of America Abraham Lincoln President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis

3 General of the Union Ulysses S. Grant General of the Confederacy Robert E. Lee

4 First Shots: Ft. Sumter On April 12, the Rebel, or Confederate, troops fired the first shots on Yankee, or Union, troops stationed at Fort Sumter, South Carolina The Civil War had begun! Over the next four years, 600,000 Americans would die

5 Government in Texas  Governor: Edward Clark (ad-interim after Houston was removed)  First elected governor: Francis Lubbock ( )  : Pendleton Murrah What was the governor’s main job? Commander in Chief of the Texas military forces  John Reagan: Texas democratic party leader

6 Texas Soldiers  60,000-70,000 soldiers fought Volunteer Units  Hood’s Texas Brigade—John Bell Hood  Terry’s Texas Rangers—Benjamin Terry  Ross’ Brigade—Lawrence “Sul” Ross

7 Nearly 70,000 men from Texas fought for the Confederacy. The most famous group was the Texas Brigade led by John Bell Hood which fought in the Army of Northern Virginia under Robert E. Lee. “Texan’s always move them!!!” -Robert E. Lee At the battle of the Wilderness in 1864 Texans in the War John Bell Hood

8 Texas Soldiers  Many Texans volunteered to fight, but the Confederacy needed more men Jefferson Davis President of the Confederacy If we want to win this war, we need more men to fight! It’s time to start a draft

9 Texas Soldiers Draft: the enlisting of persons for required service in the armed forces  Men were forced to fight—but some were allowed to stay at home Angry Texan I don’t want to fight! Slave owner with more than 20 slaves I don’t have to fight because I own slaves

10 Many Texans fought in the Civil War but not many battles were fought in Texas

11 The Anaconda Plan: The Union’s plan for winning the war 1.Blockade Southern Ports: cut off trade of cotton and delivery of supplies 2.Control the Mississippi River: this would cut the Confederacy in two (Texas and Louisiana would be cut off from everyone) 3.Capture the capital of Richmond, VA: and force the government to surrender 4.Squeeze and trap the Confederate army from the West and the North (see map)

12 Anaconda Plan to take over Confederacy

13 Battle of Galveston  Galveston=important port  Oct Union soldiers took over Galveston after Lincoln ordered blockade  Jan Confederates recapture Galveston  Confederate Gen. John B. Magruder commanded forces that attacked & were victorious  Thomas Green = military leader who assisted  Confederate victory  Significance: Texas remained in control of Galveston for the rest of the war

14 Emancipation Proclamation Early in 1863, in the middle of fighting, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation This document freed the slaves in the Confederacy

15 SABINE PASS, TX Sept. 8, 1863 Union forces attacked Fort Griffin which was defended by a Confederate unit called the Davis Guards Union attempted to move troops through the pass— these troops would then cut off Texas’ railroad connection to Louisiana Confederate victory helped restore southern confidence Significance: Union did not cut off Texas’ railroad connection to Louisiana

16 Battle of Brownsville November 2-6, 1863 Cotton transported to Mexico through Brownsville Union soldiers occupied this town and enforced a blockade Significance: the South could not ship cotton  lose money

17 Richmond, VA vs. Washington D.C. In 1864, Union’s Grant and Confederate’s Lee fought fiercely, mostly in the 90 miles between these two capital cities After a year long siege of Virginia, Grant captured and burned Confederate capital of Richmond, VA (March, 1865) The Rebels had little chance of winning: – They were running out of food, weapons, ammunition, and medicine for the wounded

18 Appomattox Courthouse: END! After Richmond, VA fell, Robert E. Lee and his soldiers fled to the mountains On April 9, 1865, at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia, General Lee surrendered to Ulysses Grant

19 Lincoln Assassinated During the war there were many attempts on his life On April 15 th, 1865*, while he was at a play, John Wilkes Booth was finally successful

20 Palmito Ranch May 12, 1865—last battle of the civil war Palmito Ranch located along Rio Grande Confederate victory but…Confederacy had already surrendered to the Union!


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