Presentation on theme: "Propaganda Techniques. What is propaganda? It is designed to persuade. Its purpose is to influence your opinions, emotions, attitudes, or behavior. It."— Presentation transcript:
What is propaganda? It is designed to persuade. Its purpose is to influence your opinions, emotions, attitudes, or behavior. It seeks to “guide your choice.”
Who uses Propaganda? Military Media Advertisers Politicians You and I
Propaganda is used in politics to gain and maintain power. It is used in advertising to sell lifestyles and images in order to sell products. The informed citizen must be armed with knowledge about language deception.
Name Calling Negative words are used to create an unfavorable opinion of the competition.
Characteristics: No facts. Simplify ideas. Portray someone as the enemy. Name Calling
Plain Folks Making the subject of the advertisement (or user of the product) seem ordinary, simple, down-to-earth.
Glittering Generality Telling only positive things about something or someone. No evidence or facts are provided. A commonly admired virtue is used to inspire positive feelings for a person, idea, or product.
Glittering Generality Good labels such as democratic, honor, glory, freedom, and beautiful are used to evoke positive feelings. Long Live the Man of Steel!
Bandwagon An appeal to the subject to follow the crowd; suggests that everyone (or a large group of similar people) is using a specific product, so you should, too. Tries to convince the subject that one side is the winning side, because more people have joined it.
Testimonial A famous person endorses an idea, a person, or a product.
Appeal to Emotion: Fear, Pride, Sympathy Use of words with emotional connotations to bring about an emotional response in people instead of a critical evaluation of the conclusion offered.
Appeal to Emotion: Fear, Pride, Sympathy The Horror of Future War!
Facts, Figures and Claims Using tests, statistics or information that sounds scientific. Trying to prove that one idea, product or person is better. Sometimes there is no real research.
Unfinished Comparisons/ Black and White/ Card Stacking Comparing an idea, product or person to another, without providing the other half of the comparison.
Unfinished Comparisons Presents an issue as having only one good/right choice. If you don’t make the right choice, something bad could happen. Cossack - Who are you with, them or us?
Slogans and Repetition Brief, striking phrase that is appealing and often repeated. may include labeling and stereotyping phrase, word, name, song or product may support reasoned ideas; however, tend to act only as emotional appeals divert attention
Every day life is getting better Slogans and Repetition
Assertion An enthusiastic or energetic statement presented as a fact: may or may not be true.
Assertion no explanation or back up is provided everyone should merely accept the idea any time an advertiser states that their product is the best without providing evidence for this, they are using an assertion.
Doublespeak Euphemisms Jargon Gobbledygook Inflated Language
The Big Lie Say something often enough and loud enough for a long enough period of time, and people will start to believe it is true.
How do we make sure that we are making informed choices, instead of allowing others to sway us in our decision-making?
We make our own choices when... we read and listen to reliable sources, we watch for combinations of truths and lies, we check for hidden messages, we watch for use of propaganda techniques.
And, most importantly, WHEN WE LISTEN TO OUR OWN VOICES !
White Army propaganda poster. The caption reads, "Peace and Liberty in Sovdepiya". Russian Revolution- Trotsky