Presentation on theme: "Whose voice guides your choice?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Whose voice guides your choice? Clipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002Propaganda techniques in the media
2 How do you decide who is the best candidate… Clipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002
3 or which is the best toothpaste ? Clipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002
4 Looking for facts to back up your choice is an excellent idea, but find out who is presenting those facts.Clipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002
5 Are they facts at all, or is the advertiser using propaganda techniques to persuade you? Clipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002
6 What are Propaganda techniques? Propaganda is designed to persuade.Its purpose is to influence your opinions, emotions, attitudes, or behavior.It seeks to “guide your choice.”
7 Who uses Propaganda?MilitaryMediaAdvertisersPoliticiansYou and I
8 What are some of the techniques used to persuade us? BandwagonName-callingTestimonialGlittering GeneralityPlain-folks appealTransferEmotional wordsFaulty ReasoningFear
9 Bandwagon Everybody is doing this. If you want to fit in, you need to “jump on the bandwagon” and do it too.The implication is that you must JOIN in to FIT in.Clipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002
10 If the whole world uses this VISA card, you must need one too. Bank of the World Visa Card-You can use it from Tennessee to Timbuktu-anywhere you travel in whole wide world !!Sign up today atClipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002For example:If the whole world uses this VISA card, you must need one too.
11 Name-callingA negative word or feeling is attached to an idea, product, or person.If that word or feeling goes along with that person or idea, the implication is that we shouldn’t be interested in it.
12 For example: Do we want a mayor who will leave us in debt? Spending grew 100%under Mayor Moneybags!Clipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002
13 Testimonial A famous person endorses an idea, a product, a candidate. If someone famous uses this product, believes this idea, or supports this candidate, so should we.
14 Milly the Model asks, “Got Milk?” Clipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002For example:If we drink milk we will all be as famous as Milly the model.
15 Glittering Generality A commonly admired virtue is used to inspire positive feelings for a person, idea, or product.Words like truth, democracy, beauty, timeless are examples of those general terms.
16 If you want to be brighter, you’ll support Bill Brite. Look on the bright side!Vote for Bill Brite !Clipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002For example:If you want to be brighter, you’ll support Bill Brite.
17 Plain-folks appealThis idea, product, or person is associated with normal, everyday people and activities.
18 For Example: Vote for Smith We want a Jim Smith, a mayor who supports the regular American worker.Vote for SmithClipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002
19 TransferSymbols, quotes, or images of famous people are used to convey a message.The message may not necessarily be associated with them.
20 Celebrate the American Way this 4th of July- Eat at Joe’sJoe’s BarbequeClipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002For example:Joe uses symbols of America to tie his restaurant to American values for Independence Day.
21 Emotional wordsWords that leave us with positive feelings are used to describe a product, person, or idea.We associate those words and, therefore, those positive feelings with the product.
22 For example:What feelings are inspired by the words “true love”? If you wear this cologne will someone fall in love with you?True LoveClipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002
23 Faulty ReasoningFactual supporting details are used though they do not support the conclusion. It works like this:Christians believe in God.Muslims believe in God.Christians are Muslims.
24 For example:Does this mean that teachers need medication to keep their cool during the school day ?More teachers recommend Calm-me to help them make it through the dayClipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002
25 Fear Our fears are displayed. Ideas, candidates, or products are shown to put our fears to rest.
26 Guard against Identity theft Use Safety WareClipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002For example:If you use Safety Ware it will people from stealing your identity-or will it?
27 How do we make sure that we are making informed choices, Clipart-Microsoft Office XP 2002instead of allowing others to sway us in our decision-making?
28 We make our own choices when … we read and listen to reliable sources,we watch for combinations of truths and lies,we check for hidden messages,we watch for use of propaganda techniques,
29 and, most importantly, WHEN WE LISTEN TO OUR OWN VOICES ! educationserviceWHEN WE LISTEN TO OUR OWN VOICES !