2 Fascism’s Rise in Italy -Italians were bitter about the results of World War 1 -Rising inflation and unemployment also contributed to widespread social unrest -Italians blamed these problems on their democratic government -Wanted a strong leader who would take action
3 Mussolini takes control -Benito Mussolini boldly promised to rescue Italy by reviving its economy and providing strong leadership-As conditions worsened, he gained popularity-King Emmanuel III decided putting Mussolini in charge was bestWhy did Mussolini gain popularity?What was the result of his popularity?
4 Mussolini changes Italy’s government -Mussolini adopts the nickname Il Duce (the leader)-He outlaws democracy and all parties except the Fascists-Never achieved the total control experienced by Stalin or HitlerWhat was the effect of Mussolini taking control of the government?
5 The Rise of the Nazis in Germany -Hitler joined a tiny political group called the National Socialist German Worker’s Party (Nazi for short)-Adopted the swastika as the party symbol-After noticing Hitler’s skills as a speaker and political organizer, the party chose Hitler to be their leader-Hitler plans to lead the Nazis in seizing powerWhy did the party choose Hitler to be their leader?What is the effect of Hitler becoming leaders of the Nazis?
6 Hitler is sentenced to prison -The Nazi plan to seize power fails-Hitler is sent to prison for treason-Hitler writes Mein Kampf, which outlines his goals for Germany-Calls the Treaty of Versailles an outrage-Declares that all “non-Aryans” (Jews, Slavs, Gypsies) were inferior-Believed that Germany should take over other countries-Hitler was released from prison after 9 monthsWhy was Hitler put in prison?What was an effect of Hitler’s prison sentence?
7 Hitler Becomes Chancellor -The Nazi party becomes the largest political party in Germany by Hitler promises strong leadership and relief from economic problems -President Paul von Hindenburg names Hitler chancellor -Hitler uses his position to eventually take control of the entire country -He turns Germany into a totalitarian state Why does the President name Hitler chancellor? What affect does this appointment have?
8 The Fuhrer is Supreme-As leader Hitler adopts the nickname The Fuhrer (leader)-Mistrusts any non-Nazi ideas-Seeks to control all press, radio, literature, painting etc. by turning them into tools for propaganda-Burns all books that do not conform to Nazi beliefs in huge bonfires.Why did Hitler burn books?What effect would this have?
9 Hitler Makes War on Jews -Anti-Semitism (Hatred of Jews) was a key part of Nazi ideology-Nazis used Jews as a scapegoat for all of Germany’s problems-Widespread hatred of Jews spread throughout Germany-The Nazis passed laws depriving Jews of most rights-Hatred of Jews increasedWhy did the Nazis pass laws that deprived Jews of their rights?What effect did these laws have?
10 Kristallnacht-In 1938, Nazi mobs attacked Jews in their homes and destroyed Jewish buildings. This attack was called Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass) -Signaled the beginning of the process of eliminating Jews from Germany