Presentation on theme: "Prologue- Rise of Democratic Ideas"— Presentation transcript:
1 Prologue- Rise of Democratic Ideas Section 1Legacy of Ancient GreeceAnd RomeStandard 10.1 Students relate the moral and ethical principlesIn ancient Greek and Roman philosophy to the development of WesternPolitical thoughtStandard Trace the development of the Western political ideasOf the rule of laws and illegitimacy of tyranny from Plato’s RepublicAnd Aristotle’s Politics
2 Athens Builds a Limited Democracy Democracy – “rule of the people”
3 Solon and Cleisthenes How did Solon expand democracy? Who was not allowed to become a citizen in Athens?Why was Cleisthenes considered the founder of democracy?
4 Pericles How did Pericles strengthen democracy? What is the difference between a direct and indirect democracy?Why did democracy end in Athens?
5 Greek Philosophers Use Reason Philosophy – “love of wisdom”What is the connection between philosophy and democracy?Socrates
6 Plato The Republic – describes a perfectly governed society. Who should rule?philosopher-kings!Why?
7 Aristotle Politics – the middle class should govern society. Why? Is Aristotle correct? Explain
8 Aristotle: In Search of the Best Constitution What did all the delegates at the Constitutional Convention have in common?Describe an ancient Greek constitution.Why did Aristotle believe that kings should not possess absolute power?What is a tyrant?Define aristocracy and oligarchy.Why did Aristotle believe that democracy was dangerous?According to Aristotle, what was the best constitution?
9 Legacy of Greece Used reason to solve problems Developed direct democracy to allow citizens to actively participate in government.3 branches of governmentJury system
11 A republic is a form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to elect the leaders who make governmental decisions
12 The Republic of RomePatricians – landowners who held most of the power. Claimed that their ancestry gave them the authority to make lawsPlebeians – common farmers, merchants. Were citizens and allowed to vote. However, could not hold many government positions.
13 Twelve TablesRoman laws were carved on 12 tablets and publicly displayed.Why is the formation of a written law code necessary in a democratic government?Established the idea that all free citizens had the right to protection of the laws and that the laws would be fair to all.
14 Republican Government Legislative branch made up of the SenateSenate was made up of only patricians.Why do you think plebeians were not allowed to be a senator?
15 Principles of Roman Law All citizens had the right to equal treatmentInnocent until proven guiltyBurden of proof rested with the accuserAll laws should be based on reason !
16 Written Legal Code Code of Justinian “a government of laws, not of men”Read handout and answer questions #1, 2 in notes
17 Legacy of Rome Republic An individual is a citizen in a state and not the subject of a rulerWritten legal code applied equally to all citizens