Presentation on theme: "On the first page of your notebook Create a title page titled: “Prologue: The Rise of Democratic Ideas” Page must have 10 symbols that symbolize the chapter."— Presentation transcript:
On the first page of your notebook Create a title page titled: “Prologue: The Rise of Democratic Ideas” Page must have 10 symbols that symbolize the chapter by the end of the unit. All pictures must be colored.
On every left side, you will do an opening activity Answer the question in complete sentences. Be prepared to discuss with the class.
Opening Activity #1 List and explain 5 reasons why someone might want to live in the United States today.
After answering the opening activity… Write down the objectives or the “What I’ll learn” (WIL) questions with space in between. 1.What type of political systems occurred in Athens? 2.How did Greek democracy change?
Ancient Greece Ancient Greece is credited for developing the first democracy or “rule of the people” 2000 B.C – Greeks created small cities which each had its own government – Greek city-states adopted either a monarchy, aristocracy, or oligarchy
Ancient Greece Solon and Cleisthenes made reforms so that more people could take part in government Pericles turned Athens into a direct democracy – Citizens rule and make laws Solon Cleisthenes
Ancient Greece Greek thinkers used logic and reason to investigate the nature of the universe, human society, and morality. – Based their philosophies on the following assumptions: The universe is put together in an orderly way People can understand these laws through logic and reason. – Great philosophers Socrates, Plato & Aristotle
Ancient Greece Legacy of Greece – First to create laws – First to develop three branches of government **Answer Reflection Questions**
Government: Democracy: Gov’t Type of gov’t ran by a small wealthy group Oligarchy
Gov’t Aristocracy Gov’t run by a single person called a king or monarch Type of gov’t ran by a small wealthy group of landowner Gov’t ruled by a few powerful people Monarch Oligarchy Democracy
Opening Activity #2 What is a direct democracy? Explain it in your own words. What I’ll Learn… 1.How is democracy in Athens similar with the Roman Republic?
Ancient Rome Rome overthrew former king and developed a republic – Power is with the citizens – Citizens elect leaders to make decisions Patricians v. Plebians – Patricians were upper class aristocratic and powerful landowners who held most of the land – Plebians were the common people of Rome and were also citizens of Rome that were held from holding important government positions – These social classes could not be switched
Ancient Rome The 12 Tables were created – Written law code Roman officials created the idea that all free citizens should be protected by law fairly.
Ancient Rome Rome’s republican government – Military, legislative & dictator Legislative branch – Made up of the Senate and two assemblies Senate was made up of Patricians The Senate was responsible for making laws.
Ancient Rome The Roman Empire created a system of laws to be followed. – All citizens had the right to equal treatment under the law (equal rights) – A person was considered innocent until proven guilty – The burden of proof rested with the accuser rather and the accused – Any law that seemed unreasonable or grossly unfair could be set aside
Ancient Rome Written law – Justinian’s Code Consisted of 5,000 Roman laws. Legacy of Rome – Gave the world the idea of a republic and written legal code ***Answer Reflection questions***
On the back of your government tree map, create a double bubble map that compares the Greek Democracy and the Roman Republic Greek Democracy Roman Republic
OA #3 Explain the similarities and the differences between the Greek democracy and the Roman republic. WIL ?s 1.How did ideas from Judaism, Christianity, and Islam help shape democratic ideas?