4 ObjectivesIdentify the political systems and the beginnings of democracy.Compare Athens with Rome and describe the influence of Roman law.
5 Essential QuestionHow did Rome help influence our democracy of today?
6 The Big IdeaThe Greeks developed democracy and the Romans added representative government, both of which are very important to the United States. Representation and citizen participation are important features of democratic governments around the world.
8 Government- The governing body of a nation, state, or community Government- The governing body of a nation, state, or community. It consists of people and institutions with the authority to establish and enforce rules for society.
9 Monarchy Monarchy- Greek for “one” and “rule” State ruled by a king Rule is hereditary (passed down generation to generation)Some rulers claim divine rightDivine Right: Chosen by “GOD” to rule
10 Oligarchy Oligarchy- Greek word for “few” and “rule” State ruled by a small group of citizensgov't of the elite: smartest, richest, best educated
11 Aristocracy Aristocracy- Greek for “best” and “rule” State ruled by nobility (rich people)Rule is hereditary and based on family ties, social rank, and wealthSocial status and wealth support rulers authoritygov't. by a royal class (king and the like)
12 Direct Democracy Direct Democracy- Greek word for “popular” and “rule” State ruled by its citizensRule is based on citizenshipMajority rule decides voteCitizens make laws directly rather than through representatives
17 Rome Develops a Republic Republic: Latin word for “a public matter” Rome battled for control of the Italian peninsula. Rome won- (defeating Greece)600BCCreated a Republic (is a form of government in which citizens elect representatives to make government decisions – AKA Representative DemocracyCreated written laws called the Twelve Tables
19 Roman Law All citizens had the right to equal treatment under the law A person was considered innocent until proven guiltyThe burden of proof rested with the accuser rather than the accusedA law that seemed unfair could be discontinuedRome preserved and added to Greece’s ideas of democracy and passed on the early democratic traditions to civilizations that followed.