Presentation on theme: "Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP) Pre Deployment Training (PDT) APRP Awareness ( Phase 1 Training Brief - Battalion to Platoon level)"— Presentation transcript:
Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP) Pre Deployment Training (PDT) APRP Awareness ( Phase 1 Training Brief - Battalion to Platoon level) ISAF/NATO Unclassified (Version 8 dated Oct 2011)
Brief Will Cover: Terminology Overview of APRP APRP Relevance to Deployed Task Forces (TF) Current Situation The ISAF Reintegration Soldiers Card (Commanders Aide Memoire) Questions / Discussion The Vehicle for Reintegration is the Afghanistan Peace & Reintegration Program (APRP)
Critical Take Away From This Brief: Understand the basic principles of APRP and how you can help with the INFORM, FIND and PROTECT effects. If you are a Mentor you must know where to find English, Dari and Pashto briefs on the UNCLASS website https://ronna-afghan.harmonieweb.org/FRIC Reintegration Inside Afghanistan Continues as Normal In spite of The Assassination of the Head of the High Peace Council, Prof Rabbani. Reintegration is Front and Center of Comd ISAF plan to defeat the Insurgency The Vehicle for Reintegration is the Afghanistan Peace & Reintegration Program (APRP)
APRP is an Afghan Government Led Programme. Terminology: Reintegration: Is the Term Given to Taking the Fighter out of the Fight, with them Opting out of the Insurgency and Peacefully Rejoining their Communities. Reconciliation: The Process in Which an Insurgent Movement as a Whole Reaches a Political Accommodation with The Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) to Bring their Part of the Insurgency to an End. The Vehicle for Reintegration is the Afghanistan Peace & Reintegration Programme(APRP)
APRP Broad Characteristics Afghan Led Programme that peacefully returns fighters to their communities. Supports COIN Whilst Being Enabled by COIN it is an Offensive Tool Can Cut the Traditional Afghan Cycle of Violence Absolutely No Dilution of the Kinetic or Offensive Strike Operations – It is Very Important That ISAF and ANSF Understand This Point Utilizes Traditional Cultural Methods - Elders, Shuras etc. Acknowledges Honor, Dignity and the Local Grievances that Drove Many Fighters into the Insurgency. Provides for Community Recovery and Benefits. Starts at District or Provincial level with a Vetting List of Potential Reintergrees that is Passed up the Chain of Command. Each Set of Circumstance Will be Unique. End state: Insurgents peacefully leaving the fight and returning to their communities with honor an accelerated peace process
Afghan Government Led Program to Remove Fighters out of the Fight - Peacefully! Provincial Governors lead the Provincial level Peace Program (APRP) and are setting up the Provincial High Peace Councils (PHPC). District Administrators are doing the same at District Level. Provincial Joint Secretariat Teams (PJST) implement APRP from Provincial to District level.
APRP: Three Phases OUTREACH Strategic communications Peace building capacity and development of government institutions Negotiation and grievance resolution Sub-national governance and outreach DEMOBILISATION Biometrics, vetting, registration, assessment and immediate support Weapons management and community security Detainee release CONSOLIDATION Community recovery Literacy, religious and vocational education Agriculture conservation corps Public works corps Integration to the ANSF Outreach - FIND and TRACK You are to - Assist with Identifying and Report Opportunities Where you Come Across Them. Demobilization & Consolidation / Development PROTECT, SUPPORT & SUSTAIN You Are To - Protect and Support the Security of Reintegration Opportunities, Communities Engaged in Reintegration and Reintergrees. APRP has Worried the Taliban and it is Attacking Reintergrees as a Means of Dissuading More from Joining APRP. You Are To - Engage With and Encourage your Afghan Partners (ANSF) to Discuss APRP and Encourage its Acceptance Amongst the Local Population.
Why is APRP Relevant to Deployed Task Forces (TF)? Takes Insurgents Out of the Fight. Every Conflict is Followed by Some form of Reconciliation and Reintegration. Key Difference In AFG is it Occurs During the Fight - Offensive Tool 85% of Insurgents are NOT Ideologically Driven and Fight Reasonably Close to their Homes – i.e. in Your Unit Battle Space Insurgents, Especially Under Pressure, Will Tire of Fighting The Insurgent Leadership Fears the Impact of APRP on their Fighting Strength. Reintegration is One of COM ISAF Priorities. It is a Leadership Function to Ensure all your Soldiers Understand Why Reintegration is Important. Successful kinetic ops and a developing ANSF / ISAF footprint has encouraged many non ideologically driven insurgents to reassess
Summary of Tasks -Effects You are to help: –INFORM - inform the population about the Peace Program. –FIND - help identify opportunities where insurgent groups who are tired of fighting may wish to enter the Peace Program (APRP). –PROTECT - protect reintegration events and communities involved in the Peace Program from Taliban revenge attacks. –SUPPORT - support the Peace Program (APRP) and those tasked to implement it.
Current Situation Force Reintegration Cell (F-RIC) Manned by ISAF and Comd by UK 2* Over 2,700 Insurgents in the Formal Programme as at Oct Between 2,000 and 4,000 in Discussions and Considering Options. APRP is Developing Across Afghanistan but Faster in Some Areas than Others. Whereas not the Silver Bullet it has Potential to be a Game Changer. Many insurgents who are in Dialogue are waiting to see how current reintegrees fare in the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP)
Afghanistan Reintegration Sep 2011 Reintegration Itself Forces the Pace Reintegration Activity Provinces with Opportunities Provinces with Events Provinces with No Activity Events41 Reintegrees2497 Opportunities23 ProvincialEstablishedEmerging Council322 JS Team232 BADAKHSHAN TAKHAR KUNDUZ BALKH JOWZJAN FARYAB SAR-E PUL SAMANGAN BAGHLAN BADGHIS HERATGHOR FARAH NIMROZ HELMAND KANDAHAR ZABUL DAYKUNDI URUZGAN PAKTIKA GHAZNI WARDAK BAMYAN NURISTAN KUNAR NANGARHAR PANJSHAYR LAGHMAN KAPSIA PARWAN KABUL LOGAR PAKTIYA KHOST Kandahar is the one emerging PPC UNCLASSIFIED
To Help You there is the ISAF Reintegration Soldiers Card: An Aide memoire for ISAF patrol commanders Issued by RC Reintegration Cells, by unit or on arrival into theatre (RSOI). An ANSF version (slightly different to the ISAF version) is distributed down ANSF in Dari and Pashtu.
1.Purpose: Offers Guidance to ISAF personnel - INFORM the local Afghan population. Enable ISAF to assist with the FIND and to identify of opportunities should they encounter Afghan insurgents (or go-betweens) wanting to enter the formal Reintegration (APRP) process
2.General. The Commanders Card Offers a broad outline of APRP and stresses that: APRP is primarily a GIRoA led programme. Provincial Governors and Provincial High Peace Councils (PHPC) are the key players at the Provincial level.
3.Initial Meeting (Contact): Contact could be direct or through a go-between. Actions to be taken: a. Notify the Chain of Comd and conduct initial contact interview: Name & contact details. Why he / they want to reintegrate? Is this the first contact with ISAF/ANSF? If a the subject is a go-between, what is their relationship with Insurgents? If he is a comd then how many fighters are under his comd? b.On the completion of meeting: How can ISAF make contact again? Inform him that final acceptance into the formal process is a GIRoA decision.
4.Follow Up Action. Reported IMMEDIATLY as an Incident to your Ops Room. Your HQ or TF will coordinate the next steps.
5.Do Not: Do Not offer an ISAF guarantee of amnesty or immunity from GIRoA prosecution. Do Not tell insurgent /go-between whether the insurgent is on an ISAF or GIRoA Targeting List. Do Not offer money or development aid directly to insurgents to stop fighting.
6.SOP: Your Regional Command (RC) Reintegration SOP will provide the more details if required.
7.Key Points: (Important): APRP acknowledges Honour & Dignity and is NEVER profiled as Surrender. Reintegrating fighters can keep a personal weapon for self defence. Only GIRoA can offer Amnesty. APRP benefits peaceful communities not just the communities of reintegrating insurgents. Often a lengthy period of negotiation. APRP removes Insurgents from the battlefield. Insurgents who chose not to join their Afghan brothers in the Peace Programme (APRP) will continue to be targeted. It is Important that ISAF and AFG Partners Clearly Understand that Kinetic Strike Continues Unabated Alongside Reintegration.
Summary of Tasks –INFORM - inform correctly - use the Commanders Card. –FIND - identify opportunities. –PROTECT - protect reintegration from Taliban revenge attacks. –SUPPORT - support and facilitate the Peace Programme (APRP)
We Want To See More Former fighters Joining the Peace Process (APRP). Remember that Reintegrating Insurgents Can Keep a Personal Weapon (rifle) Once it is Registered with ANP / MoI for Self Protection – the Reintegree Must Survive the Process.
Useful Links and / Websites The Following can be found at : https://ronna-afghan.harmonieweb.org/FRIC (CAAT Website) https://ronna-afghan.harmonieweb.org/FRIC ISAF Secret main ISAF page - FRIC Portal ISAF APRP Commanders Cards, ANA & ANP APRP Commanders Cards (Eng Dari & Pashtu) and ISAF Reintegration Handbook (Eng &Dari) –ISAF CARD (version 6) –ANSF CARD and translations (version 6) (English, Pashtu and Dari) –ANSF CARD and translations (version 6) (Pashtu and Dari) pfd –ISAF Reintegration Handbook (Coy Comd / Bn Staff +) (printable in booklet form when print option selected) –Reintegration Handbook (Coy Comd / Bn Staff +) – (in Dari Pashtu Sep 11) –ANSF training briefs (Eng, Dari Pashtu) (ISAF partners can deliver to partnered ANSF units –ISAF training briefs
Questions / Discussion
Other Frequently Asked Questions Who can join the APRP? The APRP is a nation-wide program for all Afghan fighters who agree to renounce violence and ties to terrorist groups and to live peacefully with in the laws of Afghanistan. Those who fled to hill for criminal acts are still accountable for crimes committed. Foreign Fighters are not eligible. GIRoA is working on Amnesty rules but it could exclude Insurgents guilty of massacres, controlling and deploying suicide bombers etc. How will the APRP benefit peaceful and law-abiding Afghans? Under the APRP, everyone benefits because APRP recovery packages are for the entire community. For those Afghans living in communities where reintegration is not occurring, the benefits will come from living in a peaceful and stable Afghanistan. Other development programs will support these peaceful communities. What happens to fighters who want to reintegrate but cannot return to their communities? Communities will decide whom they have back through the PPRC. If a community refuses to accept a former fighter, or the fighter does not want to return, the Joint Secretariat will find alternatives. This may involve temporary or permanent relocation or other options.
Can reintegrees join ANSF and ALP? Once reintegrated former fighters have completed the program, they are citizens of Afghanistan, and may in some cases join the ANSF or ALP. But to do so, former fighters must be selected by their community and must pass through the same screening procedures as any other ANSF or ALP candidate. There is no guaranteed place in the ANSF or ALP for reintegrees.
Demobilization Registration : PJSTs will arrange for registration to be conducted. This includes completing the Intent to Reintegrate form and Individual Survey. [See survey training brief] Biometrics: MOI is the lead agency for collecting biometric information. Demobilization: Is managed by the PJST with assistance from the JS mobile teams travelling to the location where reintegration opportunities arise. Weapons Management: In contrast to DIAG, the APRP allows reintegrees to keep their personal weapons, however, these must be registered. MOI is responsible to register weapons. MOD will store heavy weapons (e.g. machine guns, RPGs, Etc). Security: MoI (assisted by NDS & MoD) will provide security. ANSF and ISAF will work closely to determine the security risks in each reintegration case and determine a course of action to mitigate these risks. UNCLASSIFIED
Vetting Joint Secretariat will: – Guide and direct a standardized vetting process – Appoint a designated vetting manager, responsible for: Managing vetting actions with provincial staff Managing vetting actions with the security representatives to the JS – Maintain paper and electronic files of vetting documentation – After initial vetting, approve and assist provincial formal enrollment as required UNCLASSIFIED
Vetting Provincial Chief of Police (CoP), provincial NDS Chief, and ANA Security Shura rep will: Confirm based on organizational data that ex-combatants are APRP eligible per the eligibility criteria Document ex-combatant eligibility by signing vetting list prior to PG signature Chairman of the PPC will: Ensure community vetting is done to verify ex-combatant eligibility Verify the community is willing to accept the ex-combatants back into the community Security Representatives (MoI, NDS and MoD to the JS will: Ensure provincial CoPs, NDS Chiefs, and ANA follow the vetting responsibilities Vet provincial lists based on national level data within 3 days of receiving; after 3 days concurrence is assumed UNCLASSIFIED
Vetting Provincial Governors (PG) and their staffs (i.e. PJST) will: – Confirm in writing that ex-combatants are eligible based on community and provincial vetting. – Send vetted list of ex-combatants to the JS. The list will be signed by the PG and counter-signed by the Chairman of the PPC, CoP, NDS Chief and ANA Provincial Security Shura representative. This signed list will verify that those individuals are eligible for the peace program. – Oversee the conduct of community vetting Shura to ensure fairness. – Keep paper and electronic files of provincial vetting documentation in the PJST. UNCLASSIFIED