Presentation on theme: "Supt Joe McAllister Royal Canadian Mounted Police Senior Police Advisor ISAF International Joint Command, Kabul Oct 2012 - present Deputy Police Commander."— Presentation transcript:
Supt Joe McAllister Royal Canadian Mounted Police Senior Police Advisor ISAF International Joint Command, Kabul Oct 2012 - present Deputy Police Commander - Kabul June 2010 to June 2011 Contingent Commander - Afghanistan Kandahar Nov 2007 to March 2009 United Nations East Timor 2002 United Nations Kosovo 2001 32 years Federal/Municipal/International Policing
Structure of the ANP Afghan Uniform (Civilian) Police AUP Focus on the core functions of policing Prevent and detect crime, assure public safety Includes Traffic Police and Fire Department 5 Afghan Naitonal Civil Order Police ( Gendarmerie) ANCOP lead police organization in COIN in close cooperation with ANA and ABP maintain and restore civil order Requires 6th grade literacy Afghan Border Police ABP Safeguard national boundaries against external aggressions. Control the entry and exit at borders and international airports. Deter and counter insurgency and criminal activities within the Border Security Zone. Anti-Crime Police AACP Counter terrorism Counter narcotics Police Intelligence Criminal Investigation Major Crimes Task Force Police Special Operation Units Forensics Public Protection Force APPF Protects key infrastructure and personnel Replaces private security companies Does not have a policing mandate Administration/Regional Logistics Centers/Medical/Training Base Afghan Local Police Recruited by village elders to protect villages from insurgency
National Policing Systems Comparing Afghanistan Ministry of Interior to a number of similar countries Germany Australia Netherlands Italy Canada Jordan India Turkey
International Coordination JCMB (Joint Coordinating and Monitoring Board) This body is made up of international donors Its purpose is to coordinate and monitor progress in implementing the Afghan Compact IPCB (International Police Coordination Board) This body is made up of key international donors and multi-lateral organisation contributing to police reform in Afghanistan Its purpose is to coordinate the international communitys efforts in police reform in consultation with the Afghan Ministry of Interior MOI (Ministry of Interior) US CSTC – A NATO NATO Training Mission (NTM-A) ISAF Joint Command (IJC) EUPOL (European Union Police Mission in Afghanistan) Bilateral Support
8 The Goals of Police Development Enhance ANP capabilities Enhance ANP capabilities, starting with the Uniformed Police (AUP); Transform the AUP Transform the AUP into a service loyal to the Afghan people and Afghan national interests; Build a prosecutor-driven justice systemRule of Law (ROL) Build a prosecutor-driven justice system and the Rule of Law (ROL); Strengthen the AUP linkage Strengthen the AUP linkage to provincial, regional, and national leaders and staff; Develop MoI capabilities Develop MoI capabilities by mentoring their leadership of this initiative; Enable the IRoA and MoI to project success Enable the IRoA and MoI to project success by improving the lives of Afghan citizens at the local level.
9 Where Is Police Mentoring Needed? 6 Regions 34 Provinces 365 Districts Local policing functions under a national (MoI) command structure. Security considerations require some combat capability.
Provincial Justice Centers EUPOL CPJP Kabul Bamyan Nimroz Helmand Kandahar Herat Farah Badghis Faryab Jowzjan Sar-e-Pol Ghor Uruzgan Daykondi Zabul Balkh Samangan Baghlan Takhar Badakhshan Paktika Khowst Kunar Ghazni Nangarhar Nuristan Wardak Kunduz Parwan Paktia Laghman UNODC CN Program police-justice training installations and projects map Supreme Court Justice Centers Forensic labs Stage Major training installations in Kabul (ANPA, CTC, Staff College) Regional Training Centers Regional satellite sites Long term training installations out of NTM-As scope
IPCB Mandate Dubai Conference 2006 Main coordination body for institutional and police reform within wider rule of law context Direct, prioritize and coordinate the international police reform effort Direct Coordinate Prioritize
IPCB Members 12 Nations + 8 Organizations AFG MoIEUPOLEU ISAF NATO SCR NTM-A UNAMA UNDP/LOTFAAUSTRALIACANADADENMARKFRANCEGERMANYITALY JAPAN The NETHERLANDS NORWAYUKUSTURKEY
Caucus Working Level 1 st Secs & Deps Police Development Board Level Ambs & HoMs Secretariat IPCB Structure Rule of Law Outreach & Reporting
Governance Standing Committee Socio-Economic Standing Committee Minister of Interior chairs 19 IC members + MoI Minister of Defence & UNAMA co-chair Approx. 30 IC members Minister of Finance & UNAMA co-chair Decision Making Process IPCB Standing Security Committee Joint Coordination & Monitoring Board (JCMB)
IPCB Secretariat To guide, facilitate and coordinate the activities of the IPCB and its associated bodies Permanent body of civilian & police personnel Provides recommendations to, and receives direction from, IPCB Facilitates meetings and working groups Manages Police Reform Database Provides specialist input to key MoI/ANP documents & initiatives
Police Reform Database Operational since Jan 2011 Administrated by IPCB Sec Web-based tool to share unclassified information Prevents duplication of efforts and avoids gaps Preserves institutional memory Provides overview of international contributions to police trainings, projects, and overall police reform
ISAF NTMA Ministry of Interior EUPOL GPPT UN Strategic Level approach to Policing Strategy with a focus on Professionalism Bilaterals IPCB Working Groups IC supported Policing Strategy MoI Lead IPCB Coordinated Strategic Priorities Identified by stakeholders Collated by IJC Ongoing WG activity reported to MoI in Oct 2012 IJC Shura RC, IC, NTMA, ANP Outcomes from RC Shura feeds process IJC and IPCB synchronize the multi-agency ANP Developmental Plan and submits through IPCB Board to MoI for final approval AUP Developmental Plan A synchronized Plan is developed by all contributors November 2012 to February 2013 ready for launch in Afghan New year IJC Policing Strategy Each contributing agency develops their own action plan which feeds the IPCB process GPPTNROLFS M/345 Strategic Priorities approved by MoI IJC Strategy nested in COMIJC priorities IJC
IJC Planning – Current Position Unified Implementation Plan – Overarching plan which underpins other plans to the end of 2014. How changing role/relationship of ANSF/Coalition will develop. Annual Plan – Cross Ministerial Plan for ANSF – 1392 now in place. Framework for 1393 plan will commence July/August. Seasonal Orders – Autumn/Winter Plans will be written in coming months and could include elements of 2 year plan. 3 – 5 Year Campaign Plan – At present in conceptual stage, but could provide link to MOI 2 year plan.
Security Force Assistance (SFA) October 2011 - ISAF Revised Campaign Plan. Movement from ISAF COIN to Afghan Advise and Assist Mission. Transition of lead security to the Afghans. The Goal of SFA is Afghan Self Sufficiency.
Security Force Assistance Advisory Teams (SFA ATs) Deployed to theatre by contributing nations SFA AT symposium identified four distinct methods of delivery; –US Army –US Marines –NATO –UK Work with Afghans to transition them into lead –Military Adviser Teams (MATs) –Police Adviser Teams (PATs) – AUP/ANCOP/ABP –OCC Adviser Teams (OCCATs)
Security Force Assistance Adviser Teams (SFA ATs) – AUP Adviser Teams Initial requirement for 466 SFA ATs January 2013 - 400 in theatre – 164 were PATs Thinning up now commencing – (CUAT and RDL) Feb – Jun 2013 – Reduces to 54 AUP Adviser teams Jul – Dec 2013 – Reduces to 36 AUP Adviser teams Jan – Jun 2014 – Reduces to 19 AUP Adviser teams Pre deployment training up to 6 months prior (Does not include ABP or ANCOP ATs)
Mentoring Afghans Learn the language Build the relationship slowly Understand where they come from Dont make it all about work Two ears one mouth Share your ideas but ask for theirs first Who else is mentoring and what are their priorities Find the history of why Beware the bobble head and Afghan promises Afghan time Your mission is not theirs Learning mechanisms Capacity development vrs capacity replacement.
Fishing in Afghanistan Give a man a fish, feed him for a day Teach a man to fish, feed him for life
Western vs Afghan ideas of Institutions National versus Local State versus family and tribe Family, tribe, society, nation
32 Afghanistan National Police – End State A respected and professional Police Force, whose members are proud and dedicated to service to the Afghan nation and its people, and whose leaders have the courage to champion change. EDUCATION RESPECT and RECOGNITION FINANCIAL SECURITY MEDICAL CHALLENGING CAREER