Presentation on theme: "Supt Joe McAllister Royal Canadian Mounted Police"— Presentation transcript:
1 Supt Joe McAllister Royal Canadian Mounted Police Senior Police Advisor ISAF International Joint Command, Kabul Oct presentDeputy Police Commander - Kabul June 2010 to June 2011Contingent Commander - Afghanistan Kandahar Nov 2007 to March 2009United Nations East Timor 2002United Nations Kosovo32 years Federal/Municipal/International Policing
5 Structure of the ANP Anti-Crime Police AACP Public Protection Force Counter terrorismCounter narcoticsPolice IntelligenceCriminal InvestigationMajor Crimes Task ForcePolice Special Operation UnitsForensicsPublic Protection ForceAPPFProtects key infrastructure and personnelReplaces private security companiesDoes not have a policing mandateAfghan Uniform (Civilian) PoliceAUPFocus on the core functions of policingPrevent and detect crime, assure public safetyIncludes Traffic Police and Fire DepartmentAfghan Naitonal Civil Order Police (Gendarmerie)ANCOPlead police organization in COIN in close cooperation with ANA and ABPmaintain and restore civil orderRequires 6th grade literacyAfghan Border PoliceABPSafeguard national boundaries against external aggressions.Control the entry and exit at borders and international airports.Deter and counter insurgency and criminal activities within the Border Security Zone.Afghan Local PoliceRecruited by village elders to protect villages from insurgencyAdministration/Regional Logistics Centers/Medical/Training Base5
6 National Policing Systems Comparing Afghanistan Ministry of Interior to a number of similar countriesGermanyAustraliaNetherlandsItalyCanadaJordanIndiaTurkeyA few of the countries that contribute to the mission bringing with them their ideas of how things should work.
7 (Joint Coordinating and Monitoring Board) International CoordinationJCMB(Joint Coordinating and Monitoring Board)This body is made up of international donorsIts purpose is to coordinate and monitor progress in implementing the Afghan CompactIPCB(International Police Coordination Board)This body is made up of key international donors and multi-lateral organisation contributing to police reform in AfghanistanIts purpose is to coordinate the international community’s efforts in police reform in consultation with the Afghan Ministry of InteriorMOI(Ministry of Interior)USCSTC – ANATONATO Training Mission (NTM-A)ISAF Joint Command (IJC)EUPOL(European Union Police Mission in Afghanistan)Bilateral SupportOverarching mechanism for reporting to the International community on support for Afghanistan.Every piece interacts together and cannot stand alonePolice and Military support are part of a broader picture of International support for Afghanistan.
8 The Goals of Police Development Enhance ANP capabilities, starting with the Uniformed Police (AUP);Transform the AUP into a service loyal to the Afghan people and Afghan national interests;Build a “prosecutor-driven justice system” and the Rule of Law (ROL);Strengthen the AUP linkage to provincial, regional, and national leaders and staff;Develop MoI capabilities by mentoring their leadership of this initiative;Enable the IRoA and MoI to project success by improving the lives of Afghan citizens at the local level.FDD was the first Ntl program directed at reforming, refitting and training the entire police force
9 Where Is Police Mentoring Needed? 6 Regions34 Provinces365 DistrictsThe initial assessment by NATO was to develop key military areas for the first several roundsLittle thought was given to what police priorities wereFocus was along `the ring road` and areas of populationRoughly 80 key districts and 40 districts of interest were designated for FDDLocal policing functionsunder a national (MoI)command structure.Security considerations require some combat capability.
10 police-justice training installations and projects map Long term training installations out of NTM-A’s scopeMajor training installations in Kabul (ANPA, CTC, Staff College)Regional Training CentersBadakhshanJowzjanBalkhRegional satellite sitesKunduzTakharSamanganStageFaryabBaghlanSar-e-PolNuristanBadghisParwanKunarForensic labsHeratBamyanKabulLaghmanWardakNangarharDaykondiGhorSupreme CourtJustice CentersPaktiaKhowstGhazniUruzganProvincial Justice CentersFarahZabulPaktikaEUPOL CPJPNimrozUNODC CN ProgramHelmandKandahar
12 IPCB Mandate Dubai Conference 2006 Main coordination body for institutional and police reform within wider rule of law contextDirect, prioritize and coordinate the international police reform effortDirectCoordinatePrioritize
14 IPCB Structure Working Level Board Level Caucus Secretariat 1st Secs & DepsPolice DevelopmentBoard LevelAmbs & HoMsSecretariatBoard level is chaired by the Minister of Interior, it is held quarterlyCaucus is chaired by the HoM EUPOL and is organized prior to Board (for internationals)Working Level meets weekly and the members are represented usually by first secrataries from the embassiesVarious working groups can be created to work on specific tasksThe Secretariat facilitates and coordinates all IPCB forumsRule of LawOutreach & Reporting
15 Decision Making Process Standing Security CommitteeIPCBJoint Coordination & Monitoring Board (JCMB)Minister of Interior chairs19 IC members + MoIMinister of Defence & UNAMA co-chair Approx. 30 IC membersMinister of Finance & UNAMAco-chairGovernance Standing CommitteeSocio-EconomicStanding Committee
16 IPCB SecretariatTo guide, facilitate and coordinate the activities of the IPCB and its associated bodiesPermanent body of civilian & police personnelProvides recommendations to, and receives direction from, IPCBFacilitates meetings and working groupsManages Police Reform DatabaseProvides specialist input to key MoI/ANP documents & initiatives
17 Police Reform Database Operational since Jan 2011Administrated by IPCB SecWeb-based tool to share unclassified informationPrevents duplication of efforts and avoids gapsPreserves institutional memoryProvides overview of international contributions to police trainings, projects, and overall police reform
22 IJC Strategy nested in COMIJC priorities Strategic Level approach to Policing Strategy with a focus on ProfessionalismStrategic PrioritiesIdentified by stakeholdersCollated by IJCOngoing WG activity reported to MoI in Oct 2012IPCB Working GroupsA synchronized Plan is developed by all contributors November 2012 to February 2013 ready for launch in Afghan New yearEach contributing agency develops their own action plan which feeds the IPCB processNTMAIJCMinistryofInteriorIC supportedPolicing StrategyMoI LeadIPCB CoordinatedIJCPolicing StrategyISAFEUPOLAUPDevelopmentalPlanGPPTCommences with a fulsome consultation of IC and other organizations to identify a list of strategic priorities for the ANPThese will be collated and consolidated and compared to the Strategic Priorities of the MOI as contained in the national Police Strategy and National Police Plan.Final acceptance and approval of the list will be made with MoIAdditional input from the IPCB working groups and the Police SHURA in October will further refine these priorities and provide basis for future development.Links into IPCB WG with MOIDevelops a Civilian Policing concept dealing with previous International Community concernsIncorporate the work being delivered through the MOI IPPDUNStrategicPrioritiesapprovedbyMoIBilateralsIJC ShuraRC, IC, NTMA, ANPGPPTIJC and IPCB synchronize the multi-agency ANP Developmental Plan and submits through IPCB Boardto MoI for final approvalNROLFSM/345Outcomes from RC Shura feeds process
23 IJC Planning – Current Position Unified Implementation Plan – Overarching plan which underpins other plans to the end of How changing role/relationship of ANSF/Coalition will develop.Annual Plan – Cross Ministerial Plan for ANSF – 1392 now in place. Framework for 1393 plan will commence July/August.Seasonal Orders – Autumn/Winter Plans will be written in coming months and could include elements of 2 year plan.3 – 5 Year Campaign Plan – At present in conceptual stage, but could provide link to MOI 2 year plan.
25 Security Force Assistance (SFA) October ISAF Revised Campaign Plan.Movement from ISAF COIN to Afghan Advise and Assist Mission.Transition of lead security to the Afghans.The Goal of SFA is Afghan Self Sufficiency.
26 Security Force Assistance Advisory Teams (SFA ATs) Deployed to theatre by contributing nations SFA AT symposium identified four distinct methods of delivery;US ArmyUS MarinesNATOUKWork with Afghans to transition them into leadMilitary Adviser Teams (MATs)Police Adviser Teams (PATs) – AUP/ANCOP/ABPOCC Adviser Teams (OCCATs)
27 Security Force Assistance Adviser Teams (SFA AT’s) – AUP Adviser Teams Initial requirement for 466 SFA ATsJanuary in theatre – 164 were PAT’sThinning up now commencing – (CUAT and RDL)Feb – Jun 2013 – Reduces to 54 AUP Adviser teamsJul – Dec 2013 – Reduces to 36 AUP Adviser teamsJan – Jun 2014 – Reduces to 19 AUP Adviser teamsPre deployment training up to 6 months prior(Does not include ABP or ANCOP AT’s)
28 Mentoring Afghans Learn the language Build the relationship slowly Understand where they come fromDon’t make it all about workTwo ears one mouthShare your ideas but ask for theirs firstWho else is mentoring and what are their prioritiesFind the history of whyBeware the bobble head and Afghan promisesAfghan timeYour mission is not theirsLearning mechanismsCapacity development vrs capacity replacement.
29 Fishing in Afghanistan Give a man a fish, feed him for a dayTeach a man to fish, feed him for life
30 Western vs Afghan ideas of Institutions National versus LocalState versus family and tribeFamily, tribe, society, nationAfghans view the world much differently than westernersKabul views are different than those in various provincesHQ views much different than PHQ and districtsPriorities are based on more basic needs
31 Mentoring at MOI HQ Often mentors out number the Afghans More common is each Afghan may have up to 4 mentorsNot all mentors have the skills needed to mentor at the level they are at.
32 Afghanistan National Police – End State A respected and professional Police Force, whose members are proud and dedicated to service to the Afghan nation and its people, and whose leaders have the courage to champion change.MEDICALWe will proceed into the future with a Ministry comprised of highly trained civil servants and police professionals who are honorable, dedicated to duty and always displaying the highest degree of integrity; a Ministry that is proud to serve the people of Afghanistan and dedicated to promoting a strong, central, democratic government. The ministry shall strive to collaborate, integrate with other Ministries and agencies that share these strategic objectives. We will devote all our energy to upholding the Rule of Law with an unquestionable degree of honesty and trust, providing fair, just and equal treatment for all our citizens within the Constitution and legal system of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.RESPECT and RECOGNITIONCHALLENGING CAREERFINANCIAL SECURITYEDUCATION