Presentation on theme: "Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP) OMLT and POMLT Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP) Pre Deployment Training (PDT) – Kandak."— Presentation transcript:
Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP) OMLT and POMLT Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP) Pre Deployment Training (PDT) – Kandak Level ISAF/NATO Unclassified (Ver 3 Dated Oct 2011)
Brief Will Cover: Terminology APRP Broad Characteristics Current Situation How it works Relevance to Deployed Task Forces (TF) and RCA role The ISAF Reintegration Soldiers Card (Commanders Aide Memoire) Takeaways Questions / Discussion The Vehicle for Reintegration is the Afghanistan Peace & Reintegration Program (APRP)
Critical Take Away From This Brief: That OMLT and POMLT understand the APRP and can brief ANSF partnered units on APRP within 2 weeks of deployment and mentor them in the implementation of the INFORM, FIND and PROTECT effects. English, Dari and Pashto briefs are on the UNCLASS website listed at the end of the brief. Reintegration Inside Afghanistan Continues as Normal In spite of The Assassination of the Head of the High Peace Council, Prof Rabbani. Reintegration is Front and Center of Comd ISAF plan to defeat the Insurgency The Vehicle for Reintegration is the Afghanistan Peace & Reintegration Program (APRP)
APRP is an Afghan Government Led Program. Terminology: Reintegration: Is the Term Given to Taking the Fighter out of the Fight, with them Opting out of the Insurgency and Peacefully Rejoining their Communities. Reconciliation: The Process in Which an Insurgent Movement as a Whole Reaches a Political Accommodation with The Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) to Bring their Part of the Insurgency to an End. The Vehicle for Reintegration is the Afghanistan Peace & Reintegration Program (APRP)
APRP Broad Characteristics Afghan Led Program that peacefully returns fighters to their communities. Supports COIN Whilst Being Enabled by COINOffensive Tool Can Cut the Traditional Afghan Cycle of Violence Absolutely No Dilution of the Kinetic or Offensive Strike Operations – It is Very Important That ISAF and ANSF Understand This Point Utilizes Traditional Cultural Methods - Elders, Shuras etc. Acknowledges Honor, Dignity and the Local Grievances that Drove Many Fighters into the Insurgency. Provides for Community Recovery / Benefits to Communities. Starts at District or Provincial with a Vetting List of Potential Reintergrees that is Passed up to the Joint Secretariat (JS) in Kabul Each Reintegration Approach and Event Will be Unique. End state: Insurgents peacefully leaving the fight and returning to their communities with honor an accelerated peace process
Afghan Government Led Program to Remove Fighters out of the Fight - Peacefully! Provincial Governors lead the Provincial level Peace Program (APRP) and are setting up the Provincial High Peace Councils (PHPC). District Administrators are doing the same at District Level. Provincial Joint Secretariat Teams (PJST) implement APRP from Provincial to District level.
Current Situation Force Reintegration Cell (F-RIC) Manned by ISAF and Comd by UK 2* Over 2,418 Insurgents in the Formal Program as at Sep Between 2,000 and 4,000 in Discussions and Considering Options. APRP is Developing Across Afghanistan but Faster in Some Areas than Others. Whereas not the Silver Bullet it has Potential to be a Game Changer. Many insurgents who are in Dialogue are waiting to see how current reintegrees fare in the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP)
Afghanistan Reintegration Sep 2011 Reintegration Itself Forces the Pace Reintegration Activity Provinces with Opportunities Provinces with Events Provinces with No Activity Events41 Reintegrees2497 Opportunities23 ProvincialEstablishedEmerging Council322 JS Team232 BADAKHSHAN TAKHAR KUNDUZ BALKH JOWZJAN FARYAB SAR-E PUL SAMANGAN BAGHLAN BADGHIS HERATGHOR FARAH NIMROZ HELMAND KANDAHAR ZABUL DAYKUNDI URUZGAN PAKTIKA GHAZNI WARDAK BAMYAN NURISTAN KUNAR NANGARHAR PANJSHAYR LAGHMAN KAPSIA PARWAN KABUL LOGAR PAKTIYA KHOST Kandahar is the one emerging PPC UNCLASSIFIED
Intent Survey Biometric Weapon Reg Vetting Transition Assistance (TA) Disengagement Training Declaration Form Signed Not Enrolled APRP Enrolled APRP How APRP Works - Three Stages of APRP SOCIAL OUTREACH, CONFIDENCE BUILDING, NEGOTIATION UNCLASSIFIED Security & Grievance Resolution Social outreach and messaging Contact Establishing dialogue Negotiation Grievance resolution Registration Formal vetting/Assess Biometrics/ID card Weapons registration Community security CONSOLIDATION OF PEACE AND COMMUNITY RECOVERY Religious, literacy, and vocational education Community recovery Agriculture Conservation Corps Public Works Corps DEMOBILIZATION Y N
Your Role In the Three Phases OUTREACH Strategic communications Peace building capacity and development of government institutions Negotiation and grievance resolution Sub-national governance and outreach DEMOBILISATION Biometrics, vetting, registration, assessment and immediate support Weapons management and community security Detainee release CONSOLIDATION Community recovery Literacy, religious and vocational education Agriculture conservation corps Public works corps Integration to the ANSF Outreach - FIND and TRACK You are to - Assist with Identifying and Report Opportunities Where you Come Across Them. Demobilization & Consolidation / Development PROTECT, SUPPORT & SUSTAIN You Are To - Protect and Support the Security of Reintegration Opportunities, Communities Engaged in Reintegration and Reintergrees. APRP has Worried the Taliban and it is Attacking Reintergrees as a Means of Dissuading More from Joining APRP. You Are To - Engage With and Encourage your Afghan Partners (ANSF) to Discuss APRP and Encourage its Acceptance Amongst the Local Population.
Why is APRP Relevant to Deployed ANSF Every Conflict is Followed by Some form of Reconciliation and Reintegration. Key Difference In Afghanistan: It Occurs During the Fight - Offensive Tool Insurgents are Under Pressure and Increasingly Becoming Tired of Fighting Reintegration Takes Insurgents Out of the Fight 85% of Insurgents are NOT Ideologically Driven and Fight Reasonably Close to their Homes – i.e. in Your Unit Battle Space The Insurgent Leadership Fears the Impact of APRP on their Fighting Strength. Reintegration is One of COMISAF and ANA CGS Priorities. ANA CGS (Gen Karimi) Cipher ( FRAGO) Number 265 dates (2 Feb 2011) ANP – Deputy Minister MoI Direction that ANP Train on, Support and Deliver APRP. It is a Leadership Function to Ensure Your Soldiers and Mentored Units Understand Why Reintegration is Important. Successful kinetic ops and a developing ANSF / ISAF footprint has encouraged many non ideologically driven insurgents to reassess
ANA Religious and Cultural Affaires (RCA) Officer and ANSF Mullahs (SNCO). RCA officers and Mullahs belong to a 1* ANA HQ based in Kabul and are deployed down to Corps, Brigade and Kandak locations. Understand the role of the ANA Religious and Cultural Affaires (RCA) officer and the ANSF Mullahs (SNCO). Include RCA and Mullahs in the briefings with your Kandak Command Group where possible. Make sure that they understand that they are expected to lead APRP education and awareness and support Reintegration outreach into the local community. There is an RCA School in Kabul where RCA officers and Mullahs are taught about APRP – some have attended. There is an RCA Conferences in Kabul every 6 months; APRP knowledge will be refreshed and discussed at each Conference. RCA Officers and the Mullahs attached to Kandaks are respected and influential members of the ANSF
Summary of Tasks (Effects) –INFORM - inform the population about the Peace Program. –FIND - help identify opportunities where insurgent groups who are tired of fighting may wish to enter the Peace Program (APRP). –PROTECT - protect reintegration events and communities involved in the Peace Program from Taliban revenge attacks. –SUPPORT - support the Peace Program (APRP) and those tasked to implement it.
To Help You there is the ISAF Reintegration Soldiers Card: An Aide memoire for ISAF patrol commanders Issued by RC Reintegration Cells, by unit or on arrival into theatre (RSOI). Distributed across all Regional Commands (RC). An ANSF version (different to the ISAF version) distributed down ANSF in Dari and Pashtu.
1.Purpose: Offers Guidance to ISAF personnel - INFORM the local Afghan population. Enable ISAF to assist with the FIND and identify of opportunities should they encounter Afghan insurgents (or go-betweens) wanting to enter the formal Reintegration (APRP) process
2.General. The Commanders Card Offers a broad outline of APRP and stresses that: APRP is primarily a GIRoA led programme. Provincial Governors and Provincial High Peace Councils (PHPC) are the key players at the Provincial level.
3.Initial Meeting (Contact): Contact could be direct or through a go-between. Actions to be taken: a.Notify the Chain of Comd: Name & contact details. Why he wants to reintegrate? Is this the first contact with ISAF/ANSF? If the subject is a go-between, what is their relationship with Insurgents? If a comd then how many fighters are under his comd? b.On the completion of meeting: How can ISAF make contact again? Inform him that final acceptance into the formal process is a GIRoA decision.
4.Follow Up Action. Reported IMMEDIATLY as an Incident to your Ops Room. Your HQ or TF will coordinate the next steps.
5.Do Not: Do Not offer an ISAF guarantee of amnesty or immunity from GIRoA prosecution. Do Not tell insurgent /go-between whether the insurgent is on an ISAF or GIRoA Targeting List. Do Not offer money or development aid directly to insurgents to stop fighting.
7.Key Points: (Important): APRP acknowledges Honour & Dignity and is NEVER profiled as Surrender. Reintegrating fighters can keep a personal weapon for self defence. Only GIRoA can offer Amnesty. APRP benefits peaceful communities not just the communities of reintegrating insurgents. Often a lengthy period of negotiation. APRP removes Insurgents from the battlefield. Insurgents who chose not to join their Afghan brothers in the Peace Programme (APRP) will continue to be targeted. It is Important that ISAF and AFG Partners Clearly Understand that Kinetic Strike Continues Unabated Alongside Reintegration.
Summary of Tasks –INFORM - inform correctly - use the Commanders Card. –FIND - identify opportunities. –PROTECT - protect reintegration from Taliban revenge attacks. –SUPPORT - support and facilitate the Peace Program (APRP) AND Brief Your Mentored ANSF Unit Command Group, Religious and Cultural Affairs Officers (RCA) and ANSF Mullahs Using the Briefs (English, Dari and Pashto) on the UNCLASS Website Within 2 Weeks of Your Deployment.
We Want To See More Former fighters Joining the Peace Process (APRP). Remember that Reintegrating Insurgents Can Keep a Personal Weapon (rifle) Once it is Registered with ANP / MoI for Self Protection – the Reintegree Must Survive the Process.
Useful Links and / Websites The Following can be found at : https://ronna-afghan.harmonieweb.org/FRIC ISAF Secret main ISAF page - FRIC Portal ISAF APRP Commanders Cards, ANA & ANP APRP Commanders Cards (Eng Dari & Pashtu) and ISAF Reintegration Handbook (Eng &Dari) –ISAF CARD (version 6) –ANSF CARD and translations (version 6) (English, Pashtu and Dari) –ANSF CARD and translations (version 6) (Pashtu and Dari) pfd –ISAF Reintegration Handbook (Coy Comd / Bn Staff +) (printable in booklet form when print option selected) –Reintegration Handbook (Coy Comd / Bn Staff +) – (in Dari Pashtu Sep 11) –ANSF training briefs (Eng, Dari Pashtu) (ISAF partners can deliver to partnered ANSF units –ISAF training briefs
Takeaways: You are to brief your ANSF units (Command Group) on arrival in Afghanistan about APRP and their role in its implementation. Understand the leading role of the ANA Religious and Cultural Affairs (RCA) and Mullahs and include them in Briefings, Training and mentoring.. Know where the briefs are found on the UNCLASS website and copy to disc before your deploy. Ensure that your unit has Commands Cards which are obtainable through RC Reintegration Cell Stress the nature of the APRP as an Offensive Tool to defeat the Insurgency – it is NOT a dilution of strike and must not compromise ANSF fighting sprit. It is extremely important that all ranks of ANSF understand that Insurgents who choose not to Reintegrate will be pursued, tracked and destroyed. End state: Insurgents peacefully leaving the fight and returning to their communities with honor an accelerated peace process
Questions / Discussion
Other Frequently Asked Questions Who can join the APRP? The APRP is a nation-wide program for all Afghan fighters who agree to renounce violence and ties to terrorist groups and to live peacefully with in the laws of Afghanistan. Those who fled to hill for criminal acts are still accountable for crimes committed. Foreign Fighters are not eligible. GIRoA is working on Amnesty rules but it could exclude Insurgents guilty of massacres, controlling and deploying suicide bombers etc. How will the APRP benefit peaceful and law-abiding Afghans? Under the APRP, everyone benefits because APRP recovery packages are for the entire community. For those Afghans living in communities where reintegration is not occurring, the benefits will come from living in a peaceful and stable Afghanistan. Other development programs will support these peaceful communities. What happens to fighters who want to reintegrate but cannot return to their communities? Communities will decide whom they have back through the PPRC. If a community refuses to accept a former fighter, or the fighter does not want to return, the Joint Secretariat will find alternatives. This may involve temporary or permanent relocation or other options.
Can reintegrees join ANSF and ALP? Once reintegrated former fighters have completed the program, they are citizens of Afghanistan, and may in some cases join the ANSF or ALP. But to do so, former fighters must be selected by their community and must pass through the same screening procedures as any other ANSF or ALP candidate. There is no guaranteed place in the ANSF or ALP for reintegrees.
Demobilization Registration : PJSTs will arrange for registration to be conducted. This includes completing the Intent to Reintegrate form and Individual Survey. [See survey training brief] Biometrics: MOI is the lead agency for collecting biometric information. Demobilization: Is managed by the PJST with assistance from the JS mobile teams travelling to the location where reintegration opportunities arise. Weapons Management: In contrast to DIAG, the APRP allows reintegrees to keep their personal weapons, however, these must be registered. MOI is responsible to register weapons. MOD will store heavy weapons (e.g. machine guns, RPGs, Etc). Security: MoI (assisted by NDS & MoD) will provide security. ANSF and ISAF will work closely to determine the security risks in each reintegration case and determine a course of action to mitigate these risks. UNCLASSIFIED
Vetting Vetting of ex-combatants is done to determine motivations and eligibility for reintegration Vetting will be done at the community, district, provincial and national levels APRP eligibility criteria: – Ex-combatants must be verified insurgents – Ex-combatants must not be wanted for criminal offenses – Must not be foreign fighters UNCLASSIFIED
Vetting Joint Secretariat will: – Guide and direct a standardized vetting process – Appoint a designated vetting manager, responsible for: Managing vetting actions with provincial staff Managing vetting actions with the security representatives to the JS – Maintain paper and electronic files of vetting documentation – After initial vetting, approve and assist provincial formal enrollment as required UNCLASSIFIED
Vetting Provincial Chief of Police (CoP), provincial NDS Chief, and ANA Security Shura rep will: Confirm based on organizational data that ex-combatants are APRP eligible per the eligibility criteria Document ex-combatant eligibility by signing vetting list prior to PG signature Chairman of the PPC will: Ensure community vetting is done to verify ex-combatant eligibility Verify the community is willing to accept the ex-combatants back into the community Security Representatives (MoI, NDS and MoD to the JS will: Ensure provincial CoPs, NDS Chiefs, and ANA follow the vetting responsibilities Vet provincial lists based on national level data within 3 days of receiving; after 3 days concurrence is assumed UNCLASSIFIED
Vetting Provincial Governors (PG) and their staffs (i.e. PJST) will: – Confirm in writing that ex-combatants are eligible based on community and provincial vetting. – Send vetted list of ex-combatants to the JS. The list will be signed by the PG and counter-signed by the Chairman of the PPC, CoP, NDS Chief and ANA Provincial Security Shura representative. This signed list will verify that those individuals are eligible for the peace program. – Oversee the conduct of community vetting Shura to ensure fairness. – Keep paper and electronic files of provincial vetting documentation in the PJST. UNCLASSIFIED