Presentation on theme: "| Major incident awareness"— Presentation transcript:
1 www.trainingandexercising.com | Major incident awareness Major incident awareness ShortVersion 1.0
2 www.trainingandexercising.com | Major incident awareness This Short summarises relevant incident scene knowledge relating to:Phases of a major incidentCommand StructureCordon types and managementIncident ‘points of interest’ and locationsInformation management (overview)This module complements:Remote pre-learning for Control Room coursesBusiness continuity/resilience desktop exercisingAirwave training and live exercising
3 www.trainingandexercising.com | Major incident awareness Major incident proceduresPrinciples are applied to routine incidentsDeclared by one or several emergency servicesdefineCommand structure and terminology often used for major events
4 www.trainingandexercising.com | Major incident awareness Command level - Summary
5 www.trainingandexercising.com | Major incident awareness Command level - DetailGold is the commander in overall charge of each service, responsible for formulating the strategy for the incident. Each Gold has overall command of the resources of their own organisation, but delegates tactical decisions to their respective Silver (s).StrategicCommand levelsGold is the individual inoverall charge of theorganisation’s responseRole not rankA collection of Gold’s =Strategic Coordinating GroupSilver will attend the scene, take charge and be responsible for formulating the tactics to be adopted by their service to achieve the strategy set by Gold.TacticalCommand may be escalatedto a control roomLiaison at sceneBronze will control and deploy their resources within ageographical sector or specific role and implement the tacticsdefined by Silver. Sub Bronzes may be allocated to divide tasksOperationalOperational command ofa function or area
7 www. trainingandexercising | Major incident awareness Incident phasesRESTORATIONRECOVERYCONSOLIDATIONRESPONSEResponse: Activation of emergency services; search and rescue, evaluation etc. Local Authority delayed activation.Consolidation: All emergency services in attendance, joint co-ordination of operations, control of the incident. Local Authority support to emergency services.Recovery: Emergency service withdrawal, handover to local authority control and support to community.Restoration of normality: the repair, re-building, of the community and it’s resources. Incident related operations are part of daily routine.
8 www. trainingandexercising | Major incident awareness Incident phasesACTIONSResponseConsolidationRecoveryRestoration ofNormalityTIME
9 www. trainingandexercising | Major incident awareness Incident phasesMetropolitan Police ServiceLondon Ambulance ServiceLocal Authority andvoluntary sectorLondon Fire BrigadeACTIONSResponseConsolidationRecoveryRestoration ofNormalityTIME
10 Inner CordonInner cordon provides immediate security of the hazard area and potential crime sceneA dynamic risk assessment will determine size e.g. hard cover, hazards, threat.
11 Outer Cordon Inner Cordon Scene Access PointOuter cordon forms a secure area around the inner cordon with controlled access. Wider incident impacts and responder needs affect decisions on outer cordons e.g. egress of ambulances, geography of area.
12 Outer Cordon Inner Cordon Scene Access PointAll rendezvous locations and the cordon size subject to regular hazard and dynamic risk assessment (usually by Fire or Police commander on scene)
13 Outer Cordon Inner Cordon Scene Access PointScene Access Point = coordinate attendance/access (controlled, logged & timed); often named an ‘RVP’ or Rendezvous Point
14 Outer Cordon Inner Cordon Scene Access PointJESCCJESCC = Joint Emergency Services Control Centre e.g. vehicles for Silvers at scene or meeting space. NB some Silver commanders may be remote from scene.
15 Outer Cordon Inner Cordon MARSHALLINGAREAInner CordonScene Access PointJESCCMarshalling area = for emergency services assets in attendance e.g. ambulances, pump ladders (Fire), specialist resources.
16 Outer Cordon Inner Cordon MARSHALLINGAREAInner CordonScene Access PointSCENE ACCESSCONTROL (SAC) CENTREJESCCThe Scene Access Control Centre (SAC) is coordinated by Police to facilitate entry through the outer cordon by non-emergency service personnel whose presence is required. NB bring Identification.
17 = = = = = = = = Traffic Cordon Outer Cordon Inner Cordon MARSHALLINGAREAInner CordonScene Access Point==SCENE ACCESSCONTROL (SAC) CENTREJESCCTraffic cordons prevents unauthorised vehicle access to the area and assists entry and exit. Usually coordinated by Police initially and later by Local Authority Highways/Transport for London/Highways Agency.
18 For more information and background go to: www.leslp.gov.uk or here ===TrafficCordon==OuterCordon=MARSHALLINGAREAInner CordonScene Access Point==SCENE ACCESSCONTROL CENTREJESCCFor more information and background go to: or here
19 www.trainingandexercising.com | Major incident awareness Information managementTAR – Timely, Authoritative and RelevantWhat has happened and why?What have I been tasked with and why?What actions/effects do I want to deliver?Where can I best accomplish each action/effect?What resources do I need to accomplish each action/effect?When and where do these actions take place in relation to each other?What control measures do I need to impose?TAR
20 Survey What do you see: numbers, area, key issues Assess What does this mean: immediate priorities & tasksDisseminate Who needs to know: upward & outward disseminationCasualties Approximate NumberHazards Present and PotentialAccess Best route & RV PointLocation Exact Location with Map refEmergency Services Present and RequiredType Buildings; Trains; Aircraft – incident typesSafety Risk assessment; Health & Safety