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| Major incident awareness Major incident awareness Short Version 1.0
| Major incident awareness This module complements: 1.Remote pre-learning for Control Room courses 2.Business continuity/resilience desktop exercising 3.Airwave training and live exercising This Short summarises relevant incident scene knowledge relating to: Phases of a major incident Phases Command Structure Cordon types and management Cordon Incident points of interest and locations locations Information management (overview) Information management
| Major incident awareness Major incident procedures Principles are applied to routine incidents Declared by one or several emergency services define Command structure and terminology often used for major events
| Major incident awareness Command level - Summary
| Major incident awareness Command levels Operational Tactical Strategic Gold is the commander in overall charge of each service, responsible for formulating the strategy for the incident. Each Gold has overall command of the resources of their own organisation, but delegates tactical decisions to their respective Silver (s). Silver will attend the scene, take charge and be responsible for formulating the tactics to be adopted by their service to achieve the strategy set by Gold. Bronze will control and deploy their resources within a geographical sector or specific role and implement the tactics defined by Silver. Sub Bronzes may be allocated to divide tasks Gold is the individual in overall charge of the organisations response Role not rank A collection of Golds = Strategic Coordinating Group Command may be escalated to a control room Liaison at scene Operational command of a function or area Command level - Detail
| Major incident awareness Command meetings Key decision makers on/off scene Battle rythym Appropriate authority & expertise
| Major incident awareness Incident phases RESTORATION RECOVERY CONSOLIDATION RESPONSE Response: Activation of emergency services; search and rescue, evaluation etc. Local Authority delayed activation. Consolidation: All emergency services in attendance, joint co-ordination of operations, control of the incident. Local Authority support to emergency services. Recovery: Emergency service withdrawal, handover to local authority control and support to community. Restoration of normality: the repair, re-building, of the community and its resources. Incident related operations are part of daily routine.
| Major incident awareness Incident phases TIME ACTIONS Response ConsolidationRecoveryRestoration of Normality
| Major incident awareness Incident phases TIME ACTIONS Metropolitan Police Service London Fire Brigade London Ambulance Service Local Authority and voluntary sector Response ConsolidationRecoveryRestoration of Normality
Inner Cordon Inner cordon provides immediate security of the hazard area and potential crime scene A dynamic risk assessment will determine size e.g. hard cover, hazards, threat.
Scene Access Point Outer Cordon Inner Cordon Outer cordon forms a secure area around the inner cordon with controlled access. Wider incident impacts and responder needs affect decisions on outer cordons e.g. egress of ambulances, geography of area.
Scene Access Point Outer Cordon Inner Cordon All rendezvous locations and the cordon size subject to regular hazard and dynamic risk assessment (usually by Fire or Police commander on scene)
Scene Access Point Outer Cordon Inner Cordon Scene Access Point = coordinate attendance/access (controlled, logged & timed); often named an RVP or Rendezvous Point
JESCC Outer Cordon Inner Cordon JESCC = Joint Emergency Services Control Centre e.g. vehicles for Silvers at scene or meeting space. NB some Silver commanders may be remote from scene. Scene Access Point
JESCC MARSHALLING AREA MARSHALLING AREA Outer Cordon Inner Cordon Marshalling area = for emergency services assets in attendance e.g. ambulances, pump ladders (Fire), specialist resources. Scene Access Point
JESCC MARSHALLING AREA MARSHALLING AREA SCENE ACCESS CONTROL (SAC) CENTRE SCENE ACCESS CONTROL (SAC) CENTRE Outer Cordon Inner Cordon The Scene Access Control Centre (SAC) is coordinated by Police to facilitate entry through the outer cordon by non-emergency service personnel whose presence is required. NB bring Identification. Scene Access Point
JESCC MARSHALLING AREA MARSHALLING AREA SCENE ACCESS CONTROL (SAC) CENTRE SCENE ACCESS CONTROL (SAC) CENTRE Traffic Cordon Outer Cordon Inner Cordon = = = = = = = = Scene Access Point Traffic cordons prevents unauthorised vehicle access to the area and assists entry and exit. Usually coordinated by Police initially and later by Local Authority Highways/Transport for London/Highways Agency.
JESCC MARSHALLING AREA MARSHALLING AREA SCENE ACCESS CONTROL CENTRE SCENE ACCESS CONTROL CENTRE Traffic Cordon Outer Cordon Inner Cordon = = = = = = = = Scene Access Point For more information and background go to: or herewww.leslp.gov.ukhere
| Major incident awareness Information management TAR – Timely, Authoritative and Relevant What has happened and why? What have I been tasked with and why? What actions/effects do I want to deliver? Where can I best accomplish each action/effect? What resources do I need to accomplish each action/effect? When and where do these actions take place in relation to each other? What control measures do I need to impose? T AR
SurveyWhat do you see: numbers, area, key issues AssessWhat does this mean: immediate priorities & tasks DisseminateWho needs to know: upward & outward dissemination Casualties Approximate Number Hazards Present and Potential Access Best route & RV Point Location Exact Location with Map ref Emergency Services Present and Required Type Buildings; Trains; Aircraft – incident types SafetyRisk assessment; Health & Safety