Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP) ANA and ANP Officer APRP Awareness Brief Unclassified (ANSF Officers APRP Awareness Brief Version 2.
Presentation on theme: "Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP) Religious and Cultural Affairs (RCA) Officers and Mullahs APRP Awareness Brief Unclassified (ANA RCA."— Presentation transcript:
Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP) Religious and Cultural Affairs (RCA) Officers and Mullahs APRP Awareness Brief Unclassified (ANA RCA Officers Mullahs APRP Awareness Brief V2 dated Sep 2011)
Brief Will Cover: Terminology APRP History Outline of APRP (The Peace Programme) APRP Relevance to Deployed ANA / ANSF and Their Duty Current Situation and Success The ANA / ANP Reintegration Soldiers Card (An ANSF Commanders Reminder of the Peace Programme information) A Reminder of Your Duty as ANSF to Support The Peace Programme Questions and Discussion The Vehicle for Reintegration is the Afghanistan Peace & Reintegration Program (APRP)
APRP is a Peace Program Led By the GIRoA and Supported by the International Community Reintegration: Means to Take the Fighter out of the Fight. It is a Programme where Fighters Choose to Leave the Insurgency and Peacefully Rejoin their Communities. But – Members of the Armed Opposition who choose not to join the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP) will be tracked and destroyed by ANSF and ISAF forces. Happiness comes from Peace. Terminology
APRP History Afghanistan has a courageous tradition of forgiveness and reconciliation. The President and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan issued a Decree on 29 June 2010 Ordering that all Support the Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program. It is an Afghanistan led programme supported by ISAF and the International Community. The Ministers of the Interior and Defence have directed that APRP must be supported at all levels and that all ANSF must support and understand APRP. The ANA Chief of the General Staff issued Cipher 265, dated 13.11/1389 directing the ANA to support APRP and to understand APRP at all levels of command Remember that the APRP is Intended to Peacefully Remove the Armed Opposition from the Battlefield. BUT the ANSF will continue to track, find and destroy any of the Armed Opposition who choose not to accept the offered hand of Peace and Reintegration and join the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP) End state: Insurgents peacefully leaving the fight and returning to their communities with honor
An Outline of The Peace Programme (APRP) APRP is Intended to Remove The Armed Opposition from the Battlefield Peacefully and Return them to Their Communities Remember that 85% of the Armed Opposition are NOT Ideologically Driven and Fight Close to their Homes – i.e. in Your Unit Area of Deployment Remember that Many of the Armed Opposition are Fighting Because of Old Grievances and are being Exploited by Extremists and Foreign Fighters from Other Countries. APRP Acknowledges the Honor, Dignity of Fighters and the Grievances that Drove Many Fighters into the Insurgency. APRP Can Cut the Traditional Cycle of Violence by Offering an Alternative Choice to the Armed Opposition. The Increase in Successful Strike Operations and the growth in Numbers and Professionalism of the ANA, ANP and ANSF has led many Lower and Middle Level Groups of Armed Opposition to Think About Peace and Reintegration No Dilution of Offensive Strike Operations APRP Provides for Development In Districts Where Reintegration Happens. End state: Armed Opposition peacefully leave the fight and return to their communities with honor
Afghan Programme to Remove Fighters From the Fight - Peacefully! Provincial Governors lead the Provincial level Peace Programme (APRP) and Have Provincial Peace Councils (PPC). District Administrators are doing the Same at District Level. ANSF Must Work Closely With Provincial and District Governors to Support and Protect APRP
Why is APRP Relevant to Deployed ANA and ANP Every War is Followed by Some form of Reconciliation and Reintegration. Takes Insurgents Out off the Battlefield & Back to Communities. APRP is an Offensive Tool to Defeat of the Opposition and Bring Peace. Most of the Armed Opposition are NOT Ideologically Driven and Fight Close to their Homes – i.e. in Your Area of Deployment. Many of The Armed Opposition are Under Pressure and Have Become Tired of Fighting. Reintegration Candidates Require Simple Conditions Including: – Security and Confidence the GIROA and ANSF Will Not be Predatory Reintegration is One of The GIRoA, The MOD, The MoI and ISAFs Priorities. It is a Leadership Responsibility to Ensure all Soldiers and Policemen Understand Why Reintegration is Important - This is your duty. Happiness comes from Peace.
ANSF Role – This is Your Duty ANSF Must Carry Out these Tasks as part of their Duty: –INFORM - Inform the population about the Peace Programme (Use the ANSF Commanders Cards) –FIND - Help Find Insurgent groups who are tired of fighting may wish to enter the Peace Programme (APRP) –PROTECT - Protect reintegration events, reintergrees and communities involved in the Peace Programme from revenge attacks –SUPPORT - Support the Peace Programme (APRP) and those tasked to implement it.
Religious and Cultural Affairs (RCA) Officers and ANA Mullahs Role - This is Your Duty RCA are Requested to Lead and Educate their Corps, Division, Brigade and Kandak in Understanding APRP using the Information Provided in the Briefings, Commanders Cards and Pamphlets. They are Respectfully Requested to: - Understand the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP) and the Tasks Set to the ANSF in the Last Slide. - Educate their Units about APRP and the Peace Programme. They must make Sure that the ANA Understand that Insurgents who Choose not to Join the Peace Programme Will be Tracked, Targeted and Destroyed. - Work with their Commanders to Develop a Good Relationship with Community Elders and Mullahs in their Area of Deployment and Encourage the Communities to Support APRP and the peace Programme. - Encourage ANA and Communities to Identify Opportunities where Insurgents who are Tired of Fighting Can be Encouraged to Join the APRP.
Part of the Demobilization Phase Includes the Collecting Biometrics by Specialist Afghan Teams from Kabul - This Will be Done in Private
Current Situation and Progress So Far: 2,418 Insurgents in the Programme in September Many More Groups Across All of Afghanistan are in Discussions About Joining the Peace Process. Not all Insurgents are Allowed to Join the Peace Programme - Foreign Fighters Cannot Join and Will be Tracked and Destroyed. The Peace Programme Can Help Bring Peace to Afghanistan and End the War Between Afghan Brothers. The ANSF Are Continue to Track, Find and Destroy Fighters Who do not Wish to Accept the Offered Hand of Peace and Join the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP) Many insurgents who are in Dialogue are waiting to see how current reintegrees fare in the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP)
Afghanistan Reintegration July 2011 Reintegration Itself Forces the Pace Reintegration Activity Provinces with Opportunities Provinces with Events Provinces with No Activity Events41 Reintegrees2400 Opportunities23 ProvincialEstablishedEmerging Council322 JS Team232 BADAKHSHAN TAKHAR KUNDUZ BALKH JOWZJAN FARYAB SAR-E PUL SAMANGAN BAGHLAN BADGHIS HERATGHOR FARAH NIMROZ HELMAND KANDAHAR ZABUL DAYKUNDI URUZGAN PAKTIKA GHAZNI WARDAK BAMYAN NURISTAN KUNAR NANGARHAR PANJSHAYR LAGHMAN KAPSIA PARWAN KABUL LOGAR PAKTIYA KHOST August 2010 Kandahar is the one emerging PPC 19 Jul UNCLASSIFIED
The ANSF Reintegration Soldiers Card: A Memory Aide for commanders in all positions. You should carry this with you and use it to refresh your memory. The Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Program (APRP) must be discussed as widely as possible Distributed across all Regional Commands with ANA and ISAF The ISAF version is slightly shorter. ANA need to know more detail as you will be discussing it with friends, family and most important your fellow Afghan citizens when you are on patrol and during daily routine tasks
1.Purpose: This Soldiers card provides guidance to ANSF personnel who encounter members of the Armed Opposition or go- betweens wanting to talk about entering the formal Peace Programme (APRP) and reintegrate peacefully back into their communities.
2.General: This section reminds you of the outline of APRP: It is a GIRoA led programme and supported by Provincial Governors Armed Opposition who join the Peace Process join with honour and dignity. Communities and neighbouring communities that accept back reintegrating Armed Opposition will benefit from development and help. Armed Opposition who join the Peace Process and their families will be helped by GIRoA during the process.
3.Initial Meeting (Contact): Reminds you that first contact could be direct, or through a trusted friend and what actions to take (What to do is listed in detail on the card): It is very important that you treat the person with dignity and honour Take precautions to make sure that you and your fellow ANSF are safe. It is very important that you make sure that you have details of the group that wants to join the Peace Process. It is very important that you confirm how ANA can contact the individual again to continue the discussion.
4.Follow Up Action. Reported IMMEDIATLY to your HQ as an Incident Your HQ will coordinate the next steps
5.Things To Do: ( This is very Important) The Peace Process acknowledges Honour & Dignity. Reintegrating Armed Opposition are allowed to keep a personal weapon that has been registered for self defence. Remind them that the Peace Programme (APRP) benefits peaceful communities not just reintegrating Armed Opposition.
6.Things NOT To Do: (Important) Do not offer Amnesty – It is part of the Peace Process but only GIRoA can offer Amnesty. NEVER profile joining the Peace Process as Surrender. Do not tell anyone if they are or are not on a targeting list. Do not do anything that goes against the teachings and laws of Islam. Do not make promises such as money.
7.Armed Opposition Who Do NOT Want to Join the Peace Process (APRP): The Armed Opposition who join the Peace Process will be welcomed as our Afghan brothers. But those who chose not to join the Peace Process will be tracked, found and defeated. Welcome and respect the Armed Opposition that wish for peace but ANSF and ISAF will continue to Find and Strike those who refuse the offered hand of the Peace Process.
Remember the ANSF Role ANSF Must Carry Out these Tasks and their Duty: –INFORM - Inform the population, your family and friends about the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP) –FIND - Help Find Insurgent groups who wish to enter APRP –PROTECT - Protect reintegration events and communities –SUPPORT - Support the APRP The ANSF Reintegration Card Reminds you of what the Peace Programme (APRP) is. Use it, Show it to the Population, your Family and Relatives and Elders.
Remember the Religious and Cultural Affairs (RCA) Officers and ANA Mullahs are Respectfully Requested to do the Following Understand the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP) Lead and Educate their Corps, Division, Brigade and Kandak in Understanding APRP Use the Information Provided in the Briefings, Commanders Cards and Pamphlets Develop a Good Relationship with Community Elders and Mullahs in their Area of Deployment and Encourage the Communities to Support APRP and the peace Programme. Identify Opportunities where Insurgents who are Tired of Fighting Can be Encouraged to Join the APRP. And Make Sure that the ANA Understand that Insurgents who Choose not to Join the Peace Programme Will be Tracked, Targeted and Destroyed
A depiction of former fighters who are joining the Peace Process. We wish them success.
Useful Links / Websites There is an UNCLASSIFIED Website at: https://ronna-afghan.harmonieweb.org/FRIC The Website Contains the Following and all the Content Can be Downloaded by Everyone: ANSF CARD and translations (version 6) (English, Pashtu and Dari) ANSF CARD and translations (version 6) (English, Pashtu and Dari) - printable version Reintegration Handbook (Coy Comd / Bn Staff +) - in Dari. Training Briefs in English, Dari and Pashto All the Supporting Documents
Happiness comes from Peace. Questions / Discussion
USEFUL EXTRA SLIDES To Help ANSF Instructors answer some Frequently Asked Questions.
Other Frequently Asked Questions Who can join the APRP? The APRP is a nation-wide program for all Afghan fighters who agree to renounce violence and ties to terrorist groups and to live peacefully with in the laws of Afghanistan. Those who fled to hill for criminal acts are still accountable for crimes committed. Foreign Fighters are not eligible. GIRoA is working on Amnesty rules but it could exclude Insurgents guilty of massacres, controlling and deploying suicide bombers etc. How will the APRP benefit peaceful and law-abiding Afghans? Under the APRP, everyone benefits because APRP recovery packages are for the entire community. For those Afghans living in communities where reintegration is not occurring, the benefits will come from living in a peaceful and stable Afghanistan. Other development programs will support these peaceful communities. What happens to fighters who want to reintegrate but cannot return to their communities? Communities will decide whom they have back through the PPRC. If a community refuses to accept a former fighter, or the fighter does not want to return, the Joint Secretariat will find alternatives. This may involve temporary or permanent relocation or other options.
Can reintegrees join ANSF and ALP? Once reintegrated former fighters have completed the program, they are citizens of Afghanistan, and may in some cases join the ANSF or ANP. But to do so, former fighters must be selected by their community and must pass through the same screening procedures as any other ANSF or ANP candidate. There is no guaranteed place in the ANSF or ANP for reintegrees.