2 Why was the Election Controversial Truman had approval numbers so low the Democratic Party looked for another nominee –tried to draft EisenhowerTruman was “no Roosevelt”—the change was hard on DemocratsDewey was popular, liberal New York governorDewey was considered “electable”The “Dixie-crates” placed Strom Thurmond in nomination as a Third Party candidateRepublican Platform was more pro civil rights than Democratic Platform
3 Truman/Barkley Democratic Party 303 Electoral Votes Tucker SmithELECTION RESULTSTruman/Barkley Democratic Party Electoral VotesDewey/Warren Republican Party Electoral VotesThurmond/Wright State’s Rights Party Electoral VotesWallace/Taylor Progressive PartyThomas/Smith Socialist Party
4 PARTY PLATFORMS DEMOCRATIC Preserve Peace Control atomic weapons Strengthen U.N.Curb inflationProvide Adequate housingSupport unions-minimum wage of .75Extend health insuranceSupport farmsHave supported civil rightsCondemn communismREPUBLICANOpportunity for all citizensSupport workers and employers rightsSupport farm pricesDevelop national heritage in westSupport the U.N.Provide decent wages for allStrong national defenseDignity for all despite race, creed or color
5 WHY DID TRUMAN WIN?? Berlin Airlift Civil Rights Desegregation of the MilitaryRecognition of Israel“Whistlestop” Campaign
6 Berlin Airlift 80% of U.S. citizens supported aid to Berlin Even higher percentage of Republicans—83%
7 Civil Rights and Desegregation African/ American voters abandon Republican Party for first time since Reconstruction and support Democratic candidate 9-1
8 Recognition of IsraelJewish American voters praise Truman for his rapid recognition of the new nation of Israel created in the Middle East—6 minutes after official creation
9 Campaign StrategyTruman wins over small farmers and western states by giving speeches throughout the west from train platform. He logs over 25,000 miles prior to election night.