Presentation on theme: "Chapter 27:The Postwar Boom"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 27:The Postwar Boom Essential Question: How did Postwar America react to its new found wealth?What are the defining societal characteristics of the late 1940s and 1950s?Unit Schedule:27.1- Postwar America27.2- The American Dream in the Fifties27.3- Popular Culture27.4- The Other AmericaUnit Test- 10/7
2How does prosperity effect American society? 27.1 Postwar AmericaLesson Objective:To understand the social, economic, and political readjustment of the United States following World War IIEssential Question:How does prosperity effect American society?
3Key Terms G.I. Bill of Rights Suburb Levittown Harry S. Truman DixiecratFair DealDwight D. Eisenhower
4Key Dates June 1947- Taft-Hartley Act 1947-1951- Levittown NY built Nov Truman ReelectedNov Eisenhower Elected
5Readjustment and Recovery RecapWhat did the G.I. Bill of Rights do?What effect is that going to have on the economy?Housing crisisProblem: Not enough places for soldiers coming back to liveSolution: suburbsLevittownDeveloper William LevittAssembly line built housesCheapStandardizedQuickLimited to what you could do to your homeEconomy was in trouble readjusting to postwar world3 million unemployedWage and price controls removed- prices skyrocketed wages dropped
8Recovery What had the American consumer just lived through? Depression then WarLimited consumer options most of their last 15 years!What did many do with money made working during the war?Saved itAmericans had money and wanted to spend itHouses, appliances, luxury items, cars“The affluent society”Mostly comes in 1950s and 1960sWhat role did the Marshall plan play in this?More nations were trading with the U.S.Markets for American goods
9Postwar Challenges Truman become president after FDR’s sudden death “The Buck Stops Here”Self-confident, humble, down-to-earthStrikesWorkers are striking wage cuts by 19464.5 MillionCoal, steel, railroadsWhat is Truman’s reaction?Threatens to draft them into the Army and order them back to workBefore he was done giving his speech the strikers gave up“Had Enough?”Lagging economy and unpopularity of Truman coupled with fatigue of Democratic leadership gives Republicans control of Congress for first time before Great DepressionPass Taft-Hartely Bill over Truman’s Veto
10Social Unrest Truman and Civil Rights- He proposed: Anti-lynching lawAbolition of the poll taxGov. to ensure no racial discrimination in hiringHow many of these things are passed by Congress?None1948 ElectionDemocrats splitDixiecrats- Strom ThurmondProgressives- WallaceRepublicans- DeweyDewey is way ahead for most of the raceTruman campaigns across country constantly“Give ’em hell, Harry”Pulls off biggest upset in presidential historyFair Deal- continuation of New DealOverall:Do you think Truman was a effective president?
111948 Election Dewey- (R) NY Harry S. Truman – (D) MO Strom Thurmond- (States’ Rights Democrat) SC
14Republicans Take Over What are the problems effecting Truman in 1952? EconomyKoreaMcCarthyismIn 1951 Truman has 23% approval rating1952 ElectionRepublicans- Dwight D. Eisenhower“Plunder at home; blunder abroad.”Nixon accused of profiting from campaign funds“Checkers Speech”58 million TV audienceStays on the ticket – Ike wins with 55% of the vote“Dynamic Conservatism”Fiscal conservative, socially liberalCivil Rights (we will get into that later)“I don’t believe you can change the hearts of men with laws or decisions”- Eisenhower on Brown v. BoardPeace, progress, prosperity
18Quiz 27.1 9/26 L__________________ are examples of the first suburbs 2. T_________ defeated Thomas Dewey in the 1948 presidential election.3. E_______________ was elected president in 1952.4. N________________ gave the “checkers speech.”5. In 1948 T__________________ ran as a States Rights Democrat.