Presentation on theme: "Chapter 27:The Postwar Boom Essential Question: How did Postwar America react to its new found wealth? What are the defining societal characteristics of."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 27:The Postwar Boom Essential Question: How did Postwar America react to its new found wealth? What are the defining societal characteristics of the late 1940s and 1950s? Unit Schedule: 27.1- Postwar America 27.2- The American Dream in the Fifties 27.3- Popular Culture 27.4- The Other America Unit Test- 10/7
27.1 Postwar America Lesson Objective: To understand the social, economic, and political readjustment of the United States following World War II Essential Question: How does prosperity effect American society?
Key Terms G.I. Bill of Rights Suburb Levittown Harry S. Truman Dixiecrat Fair Deal Dwight D. Eisenhower
Key Dates June 1947- Taft-Hartley Act 1947-1951- Levittown NY built Nov 1948- Truman Reelected Nov 1952- Eisenhower Elected
Readjustment and Recovery Recap What did the G.I. Bill of Rights do? What effect is that going to have on the economy? Housing crisis Problem: Not enough places for soldiers coming back to live Solution: suburbs Levittown Developer William Levitt Assembly line built houses Cheap Standardized Quick Limited to what you could do to your home Economy was in trouble readjusting to postwar world 3 million unemployed Wage and price controls removed- prices skyrocketed wages dropped
Levittown New York
Recovery What had the American consumer just lived through? Depression then War Limited consumer options most of their last 15 years! What did many do with money made working during the war? Saved it Americans had money and wanted to spend it Houses, appliances, luxury items, cars “The affluent society” Mostly comes in 1950s and 1960s What role did the Marshall plan play in this? More nations were trading with the U.S. Markets for American goods
Postwar Challenges Truman become president after FDR’s sudden death “The Buck Stops Here” Self-confident, humble, down-to-earth Strikes Workers are striking wage cuts by 1946 4.5 Million Coal, steel, railroads What is Truman’s reaction? Threatens to draft them into the Army and order them back to work Before he was done giving his speech the strikers gave up “Had Enough?” Lagging economy and unpopularity of Truman coupled with fatigue of Democratic leadership gives Republicans control of Congress for first time before Great Depression Pass Taft-Hartely Bill over Truman’s Veto
Social Unrest Truman and Civil Rights- He proposed: Anti-lynching law Abolition of the poll tax Gov. to ensure no racial discrimination in hiring How many of these things are passed by Congress? None 1948 Election Democrats split Dixiecrats- Strom Thurmond Progressives- Wallace Republicans- Dewey Dewey is way ahead for most of the race Truman campaigns across country constantly “Give ’em hell, Harry” Pulls off biggest upset in presidential history Fair Deal- continuation of New Deal Overall: Do you think Truman was a effective president?
1948 Election Dewey- (R) NY Harry S. Truman – (D) MO Strom Thurmond- (States’ Rights Democrat) SC
Republicans Take Over What are the problems effecting Truman in 1952? Economy Korea McCarthyism In 1951 Truman has 23% approval rating 1952 Election Republicans- Dwight D. Eisenhower “Plunder at home; blunder abroad.” Nixon accused of profiting from campaign funds “Checkers Speech” 58 million TV audience Stays on the ticket – Ike wins with 55% of the vote “Dynamic Conservatism” Fiscal conservative, socially liberal Civil Rights (we will get into that later) “I don’t believe you can change the hearts of men with laws or decisions”- Eisenhower on Brown v. Board Peace, progress, prosperity
The “Checkers Speech”“Checkers Speech”
Quiz 27.19/26 1.L__________________ are examples of the first suburbs 2. T_________ defeated Thomas Dewey in the 1948 presidential election. 3. E_______________ was elected president in 1952. 4. N________________ gave the “checkers speech.” 5. In 1948 T__________________ ran as a States Rights Democrat.