Presentation on theme: "719 – 721719 – 721 Analyze statistics about elections from the late 1940s and 1950s. Create a graphic organizer about President Truman’s Fair Deal."— Presentation transcript:
719 – – 721 Analyze statistics about elections from the late 1940s and 1950s. Create a graphic organizer about President Truman’s Fair Deal.
How would you solve this? How much dirt is there in a hole that measures two feet by three feet by four feet? Volume= Length x width x height
How might we support the following statements or conclusions from the chart “Third Parties”? Chart on Third Parties Truman’s Fair Deal must have had limited success, since additional political parties emerged. “Third Party” political groups rarely win presidential elections, likely due to the narrow scope of their platforms. President Eisenhower was more popular than President Truman and enjoyed a greater degree of success during his administration.
Truman’s Opposition To create a “bipartisan coalition” with the goals of: Keeping New Deal gains Blocking Soviet Union’s influence in Europe. This idea was called the “Vital Center” from a book written by Arthur Schlesinger United States (Early Cold War) Harry S Truman, Arthur Schlesinger, Henry Wallace, Strom Thurmond, Thomas Dewey
Progressive Party- (Henry Wallace) Background as farm journalist, no experience in politics. Truman fired him 1946 for praising USSR: Said the US was pushing Cold War to distract Americans from domestic problems (racism, poverty….) Wanted to repeal the draft Favored a ban on atomic weapons States Rights Party – “Dixiecrats” (Strom Thurmond) Southern Democrats upset with Mayor Humphrey for pushing civil rights Republican Party – (Thomas Dewey) Governor of New York, strongest opponent Not good with people, viewed as a snob Truman attacked “80 th Do-Nothing Congress” 1948 Election Win for President Truman. President Truman is able to continue his program since continue his program since his opposition was divided. his opposition was divided.
Henry Wallace Progressive Party Strom Thurmond “Dixiecrats” or States Rights Party Thomas Dewey Republican Party
Whistle-Stop Campaign of 1948 Changes in Political StyleChanges in Political Style –Truman was last candidate to travel the nation by RR to make platform speeches. –1948 election was first time both party conventions were broadcast on television. –Dewey was first to use “modern” tactics such as his t-shirt slogan “Dew-It With Dewey”. Truman’s “Whistle-Stops” –Truman and V.P. Alben Barkley were smooth communicators. –Attacked Taft-Hartley Act –Pointed out the many New Deal projects built in the past. –Called Republican Party the party of privilege. –Advisor Clark Clifford advised Truman to tie Dewey to: Inflation Housing Shortages Fears about the future of Social Security –Dewey did not campaign as much, or as well as Truman.
1948 Truman WINS! Train platform at St. Louis Union Station
Truman’s Fair Deal The Fair Deal promised extension of New Deal for greater economic opportunity for the average American. –Housing Act of 1949 Had support of Republican Sen. Robt. Taft. Gave $ to local gov’t. to buy and rebuild slum areas. –Social Security (1950) Increased benefits 80% Extended coverage to an additional 10.5 million. –Congress blocked many of Truman’s other ideas - Permanent Fair Employment Practices Commission. - National health insurance program. President Truman
Truman’s Fair Deal 1948 Speech to Democratic National Convention1948 Speech
1. The Rams are the best team in the NFL. 2. Sophomores are immature. 3. Democrats are very liberal spenders.